PHYSICAL ASSESSMENT OF A CHILD
Terms in this set (75)
adjustment, especially that of the lens of the eye for various distances, manifested by the contraction of ciliary muscles and other changes.
The external expression of emotion attached to thoughts, mood, and ideas.
Loss of smell.
In nursing, the portion of the nursing process that includes collecting and verifying data and analyzing the data as a basis for developing a patient's plan of care.
Listening to body sounds.
Bronchial breath sounds
Loud, high-pitched, hollow sounds normally heard over the trachea and the large bronchi.
Brochovesicular breath sounds
Medium-pitched and quieter sounds normally heard over the mainstem bronchi.
Blowin/swishing sound that reflect turbulent blood flow through a peripheral blood vessel.
Enlargement of the fingertips and flattening of the angle between the fingernail and the nailbed, a classic sign of long-term oxygen deprivation.
Perceiving, thinking, and remembering.
The mucous membrane that covers the front of the eye and lines the inside of the eyelids.
A dry, crackling or grating sound produced by air in subcutaneous tissue, by air moving through fluid in the alveoli of the lungs, or by bone rubbing against bone.
A technique that involves striking the part being assessed with a finger, without placing another finger between the percussing finger and the body part.
Away from the origin.
A flat percussion tone that is soft and of short duration.
Accumulation of excess fluid.
Redness of skin caused by swelling.
A set of six muscles innervated by the cranial nerves that move the eyes in a conjugate (parallel) manner, movement of which is tested by a number of physical-examination techniques including the cover/uncover test and the corneal light reflex test.
Fluid escaped from blood vessels that deposit in tissue, usually due to inflammation; Pus.
Pertaining to the point of convergence of light rays or sound waves.
A scratching or squeaking sound that persists throughout the respiratory cycle and does not clear with coughing.
Protrusion of a portion of organ or tissue through an abdominal opening.
An abnormal booming sound produced during percussion of the lungs.
CVA; Percussing a flat hand over a body part instead of directly percussing the skin.
Rising of the chest wall when the heart contracts that typically indicates an enlarged heart.
The muscle that closed and open the jaws effectively for mastication.
Abnormal swishing sound caused by improper closure of the heart valves.
Skin crevice between the nose and the corner of the mouth.
Rapid eye movement.
Instrument for examining the ear.
Paleness of the skin.
Opening between eyelids.
Open or unobstructed.
Waves of contraction that move contents through GI tract.
Soles of the feet.
Portion of the chest wall that overs the anterior portion of the heart and abdomen.
Closer to the origin.
Motor effects of cerebral or psychic activity.
Dropping of upper eyelid.
Crackles; wet crackling noise in lungs.
Pain that increases when pressure (as from a hand) is removed.
backward flowing of a substance, like through the heart valves or esophagus.
Whistling or sighing sound heard on auscultation that results from narrowing of the lumen of the respiratory passageway.
Adjacent structures are joined by a band of tissue.
Voice sounds heart when auscultating the chest.
Vesicular breath sounds
Soft, fine, breezy, low-pitched sounds heart over peripheral lung tissue.
Small projection hanging from the back middle edge of the soft palate.
Bone of the forearm opposite of the thumb.
A bell-like noise when tapping the abdomen.
A posture that uses three points of support, typically used by patients with pulmonary problems as they lean forward, use their arms for support, and lift the chest to increase breathing capacity.
A contracted state of the cervical muscles producing torsion of the neck.
Vibration felt on palpation.
Muscle that arises in the temporal fossa and inserts into the lower jaw and closes the jaw.
Lateral region of the head.
Directed lighting on an examined body region; think of the dentist.
Sobriety test; heal to toe walking.
A tremor or vibration in any part of the body detected on palpation.
Harsh or high-pitched respiratory sound, caused by an obstruction of the air passages.
Two muscles that arise from the clavicle and into the mastoid process that aid in the rotation and lateral flexion of the neck.
Narrowing of a duct, canal, or blood vessel.
Instrument that opens the interior of a passage or cavity of the body by enlarging it.
Variation in heart rate during breathing cycle.
Divides the right and left chambers of the nose.
Lateral curvature of the spine.
Tough, white outer coat of the eyeball.
Shaped like a boat.
Dry, low-pitched, snore-like noises produced in the throat or bronchial tube due to a partial obstruction such as by secretions.
Sound intensifies within a cavity that is being percussed.
Instrument used to examine the internal eye structures.
Rubber head with plastic handle to test deep tendon reflexes.