Terms in this set (50)
'...the narrative accounts of the origins of Rome, from Aeneas to Romulus, cannot be considered (true, reliable, historical)'
The foundation narratives are a '______ mixture of popular legend, folk-tale and learned conjecture'
The foundation narratives are important to the study of Roman historiography and the development of Roman s.....-........
The traditional founding date of the city in the mid-8th century 'should not be taken too...'
Rome's development as a city-state probably began no earlier than the ___ century
'The notion of archaic Rome as an Etruscan city has become _____(fixed, embedded, anachronistic) in modern scholarship'
Some historians believe the Etruscans conquered Rome as part of the creation of an Etruscan '____'
Etruscan presence in Campania, came from small emigrating groups, not an Etruscan ____(state, king, government)
In a 'geopolitical sense', the term 'Etruscans' is ____(useful, questionable, meaningless)
The oft-repeated belief that the Romans papered over the 'fact' that the Etruscans ruled Rome goes against the evidence of the s______
The traditional story of the arrival of Tarquinius Priscus is not (credible, unbelievable, original)
Tarquinius Priscus was an adventurer like the Etruscan Mastarnus and the ____ Attus Clausus, later Appius Claudius
An '...-...' policy was one of the most important features of Roman society throughout its long history'
'Concepts such as nationality and citizenship are (irrelevant, crucial, anachronistic) in the context of the seventh and sixth centuries BC.'
'In archaic society personal standing, w____ and family background were more important than residence, ethnic origin or [nationality]'
The Tarquins were 'i---- kings of Rome who happened to be Etruscan.'
'Rome was not conquered and ruled by the ____ during the archaic period'.
'The majority of modern scholars consider [Etruscan] ----- influence to have been extensive and profound.'
Much modern writing assumes that the Romans must have borrowed from the Etruscans, as they themselves were so 'simple, a____ and unimaginative'
Much modern writing about Etruscan cultural impact on Rome is based on 'inv-----' assumptions
There is '____ serious evidence' that the Romans learned their belief in personalised gods from the Etruscans
'With a few fringe exceptions, everyone agrees that the Roman foundation story, from Aeneas to Romulus, is _______ and has no right to be considered a historical narrative.'
The name 'Romulus' is an [error, eponym, invention] formed from the name of the city, and perhaps means simply 'The Roman'
'we may take it as certain that no such person as 'Romulus' ever ______'
To think that the foundation narratives are based on fact is a n_____ assumption
The French historian Poucet criticises the tendency to eliminate miraculous elements and exaggerations to produce a factual core in the foundation narratives as (historicising, hysteria, hypothesising)
'The tradition that the citiies of Latium were colonies of Alba Longa contains a modernising (untruth, lie, fallacy) and cannot be historically true'
Archaeological evidence suggests that the Palatine Hill was first occupied (before, during or after) the traditional 8th Century date.
'both Etruscan and Roman ideas of deity were profoundly affected by ____ influences from the early period.'
'the direct evidence seems to show that personal, hellenised gods were worshipped in Rome from the very _____ times.'
Archaic Rome was NOT 'a primitive settlement on the p_____ of the Etruscan world, passively awaiting enlightenment from a superior civilisation.'
A more useful model for looking at Roman and Etruscan relations is concentrating less on 'cultural superiority' and more on 'i____n'
Supporting Christian Meyer's point that 'there is no necessary connection between the actions of a king of Rome and the fact that he was of _____ extraction.'
Making the Etruscans responsible for many Roman innovations, ideas and institutions is 'founded not on the evidence but on mistaken a-priori a_______s.'
overwhelmed by them
Rather than an 'Etruscan period' in the late monarchy, the Roman historians 'assume that the city was open to Etruscan influences from the time of its foundation, although it was at no time _______ by them.'
Rather than being Etruscan, 'city life, town planning, houses and temples were all originally ....'
The Capitoline cult of Jupiter, Juno and ____ was NOT of Etruscan origin
'the encounter with the Etruscans had only (significant, superficial, negligible) effects on Roman life and culture.'
Etruscan influence on dress, ceremonies and architecture amounted to 'little more than outward (manifestations, signs, tokens)'
The Etruscan influence on the _____ language was comparatively small
In the archaic, pre-Republican period, Roman and Etruscan cities were '(similar, different, comparable)' in 'material culture, social structure and institutions'
In the first three centuries of the Republic, Etruscan and Roman ways diverged, largely because of the domestic rise in power of the ....
A second reason why Roman and Etruscan development diverged in the early Republic was Rome's conquests, which 'revolutionised Rome's economy and brought it into direct contact with other...'
A third reason why Roman and Etruscan development diverged in the early Republic was Rome's continuing 'o... policy which changed the composition of the citizen body.'
Even though they had copied from Etruscans and Greeks, the Romans were proud that 'they had beaten their .... at their own game.'
'Rome was _____ an Etruscan city.'
An important feature of Roman monarchy is that many kings were (Sabines, outsiders, prophets, Greeks)
It seems that 'the Roman monarchy was an e... system, but one in which connections...existed between some of the kings and their successors.'
'in the story of the Roman monarchy (slaves, mercenaries, women) are sometimes instrumental in the process of succession'
Roman monarchy in the late 6th century has a 't...character'
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