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Internal Disorders 2 Test 2
Terms in this set (39)
Which is NOT a cause of liver inflammation/insult?
All of the above (celiac disease, heart attack)
What deficiency most often affects the lungs but can involve liver and skin?
Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency
A post-partum 35 year old woman presents with a sudden onset of abdominal tenderness, nauseam vomiting and shock. Diagnosis?
What type of zonal necrosis is associated with concentric bands of necrotic hepatocytes grouped around the central vein with the centrilobular zone being most affected?
What are the pre-hepatic causes of portal hypertension?
obstruction of portal and splenic vein
What is the most common cause of jaundice in you adults of both genders?
A woman with xanthelasma and history of scleroderma. Diagnosis?
Primary Biliary cirrhosis
What do pre-hepatic causes of juandice lead to?
What do pre-hepatic disorders indicate?
What lead to clay colored stools and coca-cola colored urine?
Most common cause of portal hypertension?
What are we concerned about in a patient with liver cirrhosis and ascites?
spontaneous bacterial infection i.e. peritonitis
What is a cause of liver failure without liver cirrhosis present i.e. acute?
overdose of acetaminophen
What's the most common complication of portal hypertension secondary to liver cirrhosis?
A patient presents with bulging flanks, fluid wave, and shifting dullness. Diagnosis?
How much larger does the spleen have to be to be palpated?
A patient presents with an early satiety and pain in the left upper quadrant. Diagnosis?
Splenomegaly caused by mono
What is the most common cause of liver cancer?
What are the causes of hyperlipidemia?
All of the above (anorexia, hypothryoidism, diabetes, pregnacny, and nephrotic syndrome).
What is an autosomal disorder charcterized by accumulation of indirect hyperbilirubinemia?
What is a rare disorder in which copper accumulates in the liver, kidneys, cornea, and basal ganglia.
What disorder is defined by acute encephalopathy and infiltration of fatty micro-vessels in liver.
What hepatitis occurs via the fecal-oral route?
What hepatitis comes from blood, bonking, and birth?
Patients who recently had a transfusion and presents with hepatitis?
What does NAFLD stand for?
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
What does NASH stand for?
What are the ways that drug toxicity can occur?
All of the above (Drug converted to toxic metabolite, drug induced autoimmune reaction, mitochondrial dysfunction, free radical generation)
What diesease most directly affects the kidneys from the liver?
Polycystic liver disease
A patient presents with a sudden onset of pain that could indicate portal vein thrombosis. what other vein could be involved?
Biliary tract disease associated with inflammatory bowel disorder/ulcerative colitis?
what occurs 6 weeks after the onset of acute pancreatitis
you order labs for a patient that is presenting with epigastric tenderness and guarding with pain that radiates to the back. there is a palpable abdominal mass. The lab test shows increased lipase levels. What does that indicate?
A patient presents with trousseau sign and migratory thrombophlebitis?
Biliary pain in the epigastric and right hypochondriac region. Diagnosis?
Stones are located in the cystic duct.
Best imaging tool to detect acute cholecystitis?
What's the most common risk factor for gallbladder cancer?
Tricuspid regurgitation and constrictive pericarditis are what kind of cause of portal HTN?
Patient presents with bulging flanks, fluid wave, shifting dullness?
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