Chapter 23 Review
Terms in this set (34)
Storming of the Bastille (July 14, 1789)
-events erupted into revolution
-crowd gathered outside the prison
-commander fired on the crowd, killing many
-mob broke through
-fall of the Bastille challenged the existence of the ancient régime
Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity
Slogan for Revolution (3 things!)
Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen
Adopted August 26, 1789, created by the National Assembly; stated that "men are born and remain free and equal in rights"
Clergy. Less than 1% of the population
Nobles; around 2% of the population
97% of the population (the rest of France) They consisted of the bourgeoisie, the san-culottes and the peasants; they paid high taxes (ALMOST ALL OF FRENCH TAXES) and had no special privileges
Paid nearly all of the taxes in France
dictator of France after Louis XVI; only one safe from his own persecutions/execution by Guilotine
What was Napoleon able to accomplish during peacetime?
Stabilized economy, unified tax structure, established new schools and education reform, and the Napoleonic Code
What was the goal of the Congress of Vienna?
restore stability and order in Europe; protect system of monarchy
Scorched Earth Policy
the Russian practice of burning crops and killing livestock during wartime so that the enemy cannot live off the land; utilized by Czar Alexander I
What issue led to the first meeting of the Estates-General in 175 years?
debt; desire to tax the 2nd estate
How did Britain react to the Continental System?
The formed their own blockade against France; taxed imports and exports to and from other countries
The Storming of the Bastille is considered France's version of this American holiday
Independence Day/ 4th of july
1803 purchase of the Louisiana territory from France. Made by Jefferson and Napoleon, this doubled the size of the US.
Russia, Prussia, Austria pledge to fight revolution
Overthrew the French revolutionary government (The Directory) in 1799 and became emperor of France in 1804. Failed to defeat Great Britain and abdicated in 1814. Returned to power briefly in 1815 but was defeated and died in exile.
Louis XVI (16th)
King of France during the French Revolution, is executed by the guillotine
Young provincial lawyer who led the most radical phases of the French Revolution; his execution ended the Reign of Terror.
Klemens von Metternich
The Foreign Minister of Austria; he had the most influence at the Congress of Vienna.
Radical republicans during the French Revolution. They were led by Maximilien Robespierre from 1793 to 1794.
One of the three social classes in France before the French Revolution
an execution device that drops a sharp heavy blade onto the victim's neck
type of fighting in which soldiers use swift hit-and-run attacks against the enemy
A direct vote in which a country's people have the opportunity to approve or reject a leader
The Political and Social system that existed in France before the French Revolution
Tennis Court Oath
A pledge made by the members of France's National Assembly in 1789, in which they vowed to continue meeting until they had drawn up a new constitution
The Great Fear
A wave of senseless panic that spread through the French countryside after the storming of the Bastille in 1789
Scorched Earth Policy
Russian military tactic in which soldiers destroy everything in their path to hurt the enemy
Reign of Terror
(1793-94) during the French Revolution when thousands were executed for "disloyalty"
Battle of Trafalgar
an 1805 naval battle in which Napoleon's forces were defeated by a British fleet under the command of Horatio Nelson.
A conflict, lasting from 1808 to 1813, in which Spanish Rebels, with the aid of British forces, fought to drive Napoleons French troops out of Spain.
Battle of Waterloo
This was the battle that Napoleon lost after his return from Elba that ended his reign as French ruler
Congress of Vienna
Meeting of representatives of European monarchs called to reestablish the old order after the defeat of Napoleon
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Final Exam Review
Chapter 28/29 Quiz Review
Chapter 25/26 Quizlet
Ch 24 Game