AP World History ch. 27

31 terms by BEK1995

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Catherine the Great

enlightened despot who expanded Russian territory and got warm water ports and introduced enlightnment ideas like universal education, she later retracted her reforms

Alexander I

conservative, formed Holy Alliance, made cultural advancements


Russian Romantic poet

Nicholas I

put down revolts with a secret police, censored schools and newspapers, expanded into Ottoman territory, put down liberal revolts, had little/ no industry, tightened serfs' labor obligations, imported manufactured goods for wealthy

Decemberist Uprising

revolt by military officers who wanted Nicholas' brother to rule, put down Nicholas I

Crimean War

Russians vs. Ottomans, French, and English for Ottoman territory and ports, Russia lost b/c of less superior military technology


forcing ethnic groups to learn Russian culture

Emancipation Edict

under Alexander II, freed Russian serfs, life for serfs not much better, had to pay redemption payments for the land


local political councils, helped to regulate roads and schools


educated radicals, used violence, wanted political voice

Pan Slavic

a call for unification among all slavic people


tired of tsar, don't believe in ANY gov't, used violence


mass executions of the Jews


revoltionary who supported Marxism, supported unions and workers going on strike

Nicholas II

reversed reforms and became more conservative, insisted on fighting in Russo-Japanese War

Bloody Sunday

AKA Revolution of 1905, caused by Russian loss of Russo-Japanese war, which led to protests and strikes

October Manifesto

documant that created the duma in Russia, created by Nicholas II


representative body in Russia

Stolypin Reforms

peasants gained some freedom of redemption payments


during Stolypin Reforms, landlords who bought up land that the peasants couldn't afford

Tokugawa Shogunate

inculuded regional daimyos and samurai who controlled most of Japan under the shogun


a Japanese feudal lord


a Japanese feudal warrior, like a knight, owed loyalty to daimyo anf shogun

Neo- Confucianism

revival of Confucianism in Japan

Commodore Matthew Perry

opened Japan to western trade

Meji Restoration

the period after the collapse of the Tokugawa shogunate in which Japan centralized, imperialized, and industrialized


district administrators


former samurai who est. Mitsubishi Co.


Japanese legislature, modeled after Germany


a family who controls a certain aspect of the economy, AKA Old Wealth


went from peasant to investing money and becoming rich, example of new wealth

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