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31 terms

AP World History ch. 27

ONE DAY LEFT UNTIL THE MIDTERM!! GOOD LUCK, Y'ALL!!!!
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Catherine the Great
enlightened despot who expanded Russian territory and got warm water ports and introduced enlightnment ideas like universal education, she later retracted her reforms
Alexander I
conservative, formed Holy Alliance, made cultural advancements
Pushkin
Russian Romantic poet
Nicholas I
put down revolts with a secret police, censored schools and newspapers, expanded into Ottoman territory, put down liberal revolts, had little/ no industry, tightened serfs' labor obligations, imported manufactured goods for wealthy
Decemberist Uprising
revolt by military officers who wanted Nicholas' brother to rule, put down Nicholas I
Crimean War
Russians vs. Ottomans, French, and English for Ottoman territory and ports, Russia lost b/c of less superior military technology
Russification
forcing ethnic groups to learn Russian culture
Emancipation Edict
under Alexander II, freed Russian serfs, life for serfs not much better, had to pay redemption payments for the land
Zemstvos
local political councils, helped to regulate roads and schools
Intelligentsia
educated radicals, used violence, wanted political voice
Pan Slavic
a call for unification among all slavic people
anarchists
tired of tsar, don't believe in ANY gov't, used violence
pogroms
mass executions of the Jews
Lenin
revoltionary who supported Marxism, supported unions and workers going on strike
Nicholas II
reversed reforms and became more conservative, insisted on fighting in Russo-Japanese War
Bloody Sunday
AKA Revolution of 1905, caused by Russian loss of Russo-Japanese war, which led to protests and strikes
October Manifesto
documant that created the duma in Russia, created by Nicholas II
Duma
representative body in Russia
Stolypin Reforms
peasants gained some freedom of redemption payments
Kuluks
during Stolypin Reforms, landlords who bought up land that the peasants couldn't afford
Tokugawa Shogunate
inculuded regional daimyos and samurai who controlled most of Japan under the shogun
daimyo
a Japanese feudal lord
Samurai
a Japanese feudal warrior, like a knight, owed loyalty to daimyo anf shogun
Neo- Confucianism
revival of Confucianism in Japan
Commodore Matthew Perry
opened Japan to western trade
Meji Restoration
the period after the collapse of the Tokugawa shogunate in which Japan centralized, imperialized, and industrialized
prefects
district administrators
Yataro
former samurai who est. Mitsubishi Co.
Diet
Japanese legislature, modeled after Germany
Zaibatsu
a family who controls a certain aspect of the economy, AKA Old Wealth
Eiichi
went from peasant to investing money and becoming rich, example of new wealth