Create an account
Catherine the Great
enlightened despot who expanded Russian territory and got warm water ports and introduced enlightnment ideas like universal education, she later retracted her reforms
put down revolts with a secret police, censored schools and newspapers, expanded into Ottoman territory, put down liberal revolts, had little/ no industry, tightened serfs' labor obligations, imported manufactured goods for wealthy
revolt by military officers who wanted Nicholas' brother to rule, put down Nicholas I
Russians vs. Ottomans, French, and English for Ottoman territory and ports, Russia lost b/c of less superior military technology
under Alexander II, freed Russian serfs, life for serfs not much better, had to pay redemption payments for the land
reversed reforms and became more conservative, insisted on fighting in Russo-Japanese War
AKA Revolution of 1905, caused by Russian loss of Russo-Japanese war, which led to protests and strikes
inculuded regional daimyos and samurai who controlled most of Japan under the shogun
the period after the collapse of the Tokugawa shogunate in which Japan centralized, imperialized, and industrialized
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together