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what percentage of egypt's population lives in the nile delta or along the nile river?
more than 90 percent
what risk does the european union's 2010 trade agreement with morocco pose to the environment?
increased trade encourages overfishing which endangers fish populations
why do some countries in north africa import most of their food needs?
Water scarcity makes it impossible to grow enough food for the population
How has the Aswān High Dam had an adverse effect on human health?
It created new ecosystems in which diseases such as malaria flourished.
Which is a negative effect of tourism in North Africa?
It requires large quantities of water for swimming pools, hotels, and golf courses.
nationalism is a belief
in the right of a nation to be an independent state.
the greatest environmental challenge facing north africa's growing population is
the scarcity of water to feed the growing population
What long-term problem does the Great Man-Made River pose?
It is extracting water faster than it is being replaced.
which statement about the desert regions of north africa is true?
Droughts have expanded the Sahara.
the manufacturing output of north african countries
increased rapidly after the decline of European control.
Which three economic sectors cause the greatest environmental damage in North Africa?
oil production, fishing, and tourism
which body of water separates africa from europe
the primary reason the aswān high dam was built was to
control flooding to safeguard the area's residents
which country obtains most of its water supply from surface water
which statement about the environmental impact of regional oil and petroleum industries is true
Winds can blow oil spills toward land and endanger coastal and marine environments
Why is French spoken in some countries of North Africa?
France colonized parts of North Africa in the 1800s.
The Arab Spring movement of 2010-2011 led to new governments being elected in which countries?
Egypt, Libya, and Tunisia
the oil and petroleum industries in north africa
pollute rivers and coastal waters by discharging waste into them
which statement about desertification is true
Desertification is an increasing problem caused by wind, farming, overgrazing, and loss of vegetation.
the unique black and pink landforms of the ahaggar were formed by
The ethnic and religious composition of the Eastern Mediterranean region, with the exception of Israel, is primarily
after the defeat of the ottoman empire which european colonial powers divided the eastern mediterranean
France and Great Britain
How have the nations of the subregion utilized their respective cultural histories to boost their local economies?
by promoting tourism
Which religion established the concept of monotheism?
Why are some Eastern Mediterranean economies, such as Syria and Jordan, less developed than others, such as Lebanon and especially Israel?
lack of economic diversity, uneven distribution of critical natural resources
Generalize the social status trends of women in the Arab nations of the Eastern Mediterranean.
Women have fewer rights and opportunities than men, but in some instances and regions, they are slowly gaining more rights.
which describes a population pattern of the eastern mediterranean
Most people live along coastal areas.
Which water body connects the Eastern Mediterranean nations with the Red Sea and Indian Ocean to the south?
Gulf of Aqaba
The economy of ________ is the most highly diversified among the nations of the subregion.
which is an example of successful human intervention to protect the environment of the eastern mediterranean
reintroduction and legal protection of the Arabian oryx and its habitat
Why do most people in the Eastern Mediterranean live along the coast?
The coastal climate is more moderate than that of inland desert regions, and the land there is more suitable for agriculture due to higher rainfall.
What do overfishing, invasive species, climate change, and agricultural pollution all have in common?
They are examples of how human activity impacts the Eastern Mediterranean marine ecosystem.
what practical step could local governments of eastern mediterranean countries take to control air pollution
manage urban development
the jordanian government is actively seeking to improve its management of natural resources by educating people about the country's severe _____ problem
Two deserts of the Eastern Mediterranean include
Negev and Syrian
Syria, Jordan, and Lebanon have populations that are each over 90 percent Arab, while Israel's population is about 75 percent Jewish. What can you conclude from this data?
The population in each of the region's countries is greatly influenced by ethnicity.
The biggest factor contributing to the varied levels of economic development across the Eastern Mediterranean subregion is the
uneven distribution of natural resources, such as oil and natural gas.
What encourages invasive species that have harmed marine ecosystems of the Eastern Mediterranean?
the suez canal which provides an entry point for invading species
Though numerous international organizations and NGOs have proposed projects to address environmental problems in the Eastern Mediterranean, they are not taken seriously because
most are underfunded.
An interesting feature of the highly salty waters of the Dead Sea is that bathers can
float without swimming.
Due to the drier, more desert-like conditions to the east, the highest population centers of the Eastern Mediterranean are located in/along
what was an effect of the 1947 UN action to divide the former ottoman and british colony of palestine into a jewish and arab state
Jews accepted the plan, forming the independent state of Israel, while Arab Palestinians rejected it.
precipitation in the eastern mediterranean falls primarily
on the western edge of the region.
Many economies of the Eastern Mediterranean subregion have been slow to develop due to
scarcity or uneven distribution of natural resources such as oil, natural gas, and especially water.
A rift valley is formed by
the separation of tectonic plates.
Millions of tons of pollutants from industrial, household, and agricultural operations are poured into the ________ each year.
Due to Turkey's dry climate and mild temperatures, ________ dominate the interior areas.
Agriculture in Iraq has been negatively impacted due to soils that have become increasingly
Due to high mountains that block moisture from major bodies of water, much of the inland areas of the Northeast experiences which type of climate?
arid or semi-arid
in recent decades the iraqi government has drained marshes to create farmland to divert water for agriculture and in the late 1990s
to retaliate against people opposed to Saddam Hussein.
the Persian empire arose to the east of Mesopotamia across the zagros mountains in present day ______ before spreading across the region
the ________ are an ethnic group that has lived in the northeast for thousands of years but still have no country of their own
environmentalists have placed a heavy emphasis on reducing turkeys historical dependence on ______ which is highly polluting
Movement of plates along faults, such as the North Anatolian Fault, has produced ________ in the Northeast.
which of the following very active fault lines is about 750 miles in length and extends across much of turkey
Soil in Iraq has high salinity, which results from heavy ________ in a place where evaporation happens quickly.
a development project in turkey known as GAP involves the construction of nearly two dozen dams along the
Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
Supporters of GAP state that ________ is a relatively clean way to address rising energy needs.
The rich alluvial soils of Mesopotamia supported the development of ________, which led to the growth of villages, and then civilizations.
A system of writing based on cuneiform was developed by the
Due to the mountains' impact on climate, inland western and southern Iraq and eastern and southern Iran are mostly covered by
the population of ________ areas has been growing so air pollution in these areas has worsened
_______ populations in syria turkey and iran continue to push for more political autonomy and a country of their own
the _______ serves as an important transportation link between iran and other asian countries
Activists have sought to prevent the destruction of archaeological treasures that would occur if land is flooded for
Turkey's valuable ________ are found in the valleys, deltas, and basins of the lowland areas.
Today the majority of people living in the Northeast region are
Iraq has had major problems with overgrazing and deforestation, which have left the soil exposed to erosion during
The Kurds, living in the mountainous border areas of Turkey, Iraq, and Iran, speak
Dialects related to Persian
About 5,000 years ago, the Sumerians developed a code of writing as well as
a code of law and system of mathematics
amnesty international and other human rights organizations are pressuring governments to
crack down on human rights abuses against immigrants
The Red Sea is an important resource because it
contains an unusually hardy coral reef.
The way physical, human, and economic geography impact government policy is a relationship known as
the reasons people leave their country (such as poverty) and enter a country (such as for employment) are referred to as
push and pull factors
Intentional and accidental oil spills have harmed the ________ industry in the Persian Gulf.
the _________ industry provides significant wealth to most nations in the region
push and pull factors refer to
the reasons people leave and are drawn to the Arabian Peninsula.
How have countries in the Arabian Peninsula managed freshwater, their most precious resource?
Most have drawn too heavily from aquifers and wasted it with poor irrigation methods.
Religious people in the region see making a ________ as part of their duty to Allah, or God.
hajj to Makkah
on the arabian peninsula seawater converted to freshwater is mostly used for
the primary religion in the region is
transportation of oil by supertankers can be interrupted by disputes near the regions
the most important resources on the arabian peninsula are
oil and freshwater
the arabian peninsula is surrounded by
important shipping routes.
the deserts that cover most of the arabian peninsula have significant
winds that bring deadly heat and choking dust.
Because Bahrain has little oil, it has
become wealthy by diversifying into finance and banking for its oil-rich neighbors.
Wadis are unreliable sources of water because
so little rain falls that they are often dry and empty.
to reduce agriculture's overuse of the regions freshwater
crops are being developed that need less water have higher yield and can tolerate salt
Nomadic bedouin tribes moved from place to place because
they needed to move their herds from one desert oasis to another.
the largest agriculture and human settlements in the region are located mainly
along the coastal lowlands.
In Central Asia, many people practice ________, or the raising and grazing of livestock.
In Central Asia, agriculture is made possible on the semi-arid steppes through the extensive use of
what is the most populous country in central asia
To restore part of a sea that was diminished when its river water supply was diverted for irrigation, governments
built a dam to keep water from flowing into the southern area of the sea.
What once-large sea has shrunk to several small disconnected bodies of water due to the diversion of water for the irrigation of fields?
The area of Nagorno-Karabakh is disputed because
it is an exclave of Armenians in the territory of Azerbaijan.
In Central Asia, some farming takes place on ________, or areas where underground water naturally comes to the surface.
although most of central asia has a dry climate the winds blowing from the _______ create a wetter climate in western georgia and the steppes of the caucasus
form what two rivers did the soviets divert water for irrigation and thus cause environmental damage in central asia
the syr dar'ya and the amu dar'ya
what ethnic group is the dominant political group in afghanistan
Uzbekistan is one of the world's leading producers and exporters of
the testing of nuclear weapons has led to serious health and environmental problems in the former soviet republic of
Turkmenistan continues to operate as a ________ economy, in which the government owns the land and tells farmers what to grow.
central asia's main rivers, the amu dar'ya and the syr dar'ya flow into what body of water
the aral sea
the convention for the protection of the marine environment of the ________ sea is an agreement that commits bordering countries to reducing agricultural and industrial pollution in that troubled body of water
Because of the tectonic activity that created its mountainous terrain, much of Central Asia is prone to frequent
Several nongovernmental organizations have supported "community-based demining" programs to
train local people to disable land mines.
in what two central asian countries is the majority of the population christian
Armenia and Georgia
the majority of people in central asia speak a(n) ________ language
In what two Central Asian countries is Russian an official language?
Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan
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