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a tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function within a cell


the control center of the cell that directs the cell's activities; it contains the chemical instructions that direct all the cell's activities (DNA)

cell membrane

thin, flexible barrier around a cell, it regulates what enters and leaves the cell


The area inside a cell between the nucleus and the cell membrane, where organelles can be found


organelles that capture energy from the sunlight and use it to produce food for the cell

cell wall

In plant cells, this stiff wall surrounds the cell membrane, giving the cell a rigid, boxlike shape.


the organelle in which amino acids are hooked together to make proteins

endoplasmic reticulum

the organelle that makes lipids, breaks down drugs and other substances, and packages proteins for the Golgi complex


the organelle that breaks down food molecules to make energy available (ATP)

Golgi complex

the organelle that processes and transports proteins and other materials out of the cell


the organelle that stores water and other materials


the organelle that digests food particles, wastes, cell parts, and foreign invaders

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