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Rush-Bagot Agreement

An agreement that limited naval power on the Great Lakes for the both the U.S. and British Canada.

Convention of 1818

An agreement between the U.S. and Great Britain that settled fishing rights and established new North American borders with British Canada.

James Monroe

Leading Revolutionary figure and negotiator of the Louisiana Purchase, he was the fifth president of the U.S. He put forth the Monroe Doctrine establishing the U.S. sphere of influence in the Western Hemisphere that became the foundation of U.S. foreign policy.

Adams-Onís Treaty

An agreement in which Spain gave East Florida to the U.S. and the U.S. gave Texas to Spain.

Simon Bolívar

South American revolutionary leader who was nicknamed the Liberator, he fought many battles for independence, winning the support of many U.S. leaders.

Monroe Doctrine

President James Monroe's statement forbidding further colonization in the Americas and declaring that any attempt by a foreign country to colonize would be considered as an act of hostility toward the U.S.


A sense of pride and devotion to a nation.

Henry Clay

American politician from Kentucky, he was known as the Great Pacificator because of his support of the Missouri Compromise. He developed the Compromise of 1850 to try to avoid civil war.

American System

Henry Clay's plan for raising tariffs to pay for internal improvements such as better roads and canals.

Cumberland Road

The first federal road project, construction of which began in 1815; ran from Cumberland, Maryland, to present-day Wheeling, West Virginia.

Erie Canal

The canal that runs from Albany to Buffalo, New York; completed in 1825.

Era of Good Feelings

A period of peace, pride, and progress for the U.S. from 1815 to 1825.


A devotion to the interests of one geographic region over the interests of the country as a whole.

Missouri Compromise

An agreement proposed by Henry Clay that allowed Missouri to enter the Union as a slave state and Maine to enter as a free state and outlawed slavery in any territories or states north of the south border line of Missouri.

John Quincy Adams

Son of President John Adams and the secretary of state to James Monroe, he largely formulated the Monroe Doctrine. He was the sixth president of the U.S. and later became a representative in Congress.

Washington Irving

Early American satrical writer, he was the first American writer to gain international acclaim. His works include Rip Van Winkle and the Legend of Sleepy Hollow. He often used American history and authentic American settings and characters.

James Fenimore Cooper

Well-known early American novelist, he wrote The Last of the Mohicans and many stories about the West.

Hudson River School

A group of American artists in the mid-1800s whose paintings focused on the American landscape.

Thomas Cole

American painter, he was the founder of the Hudson River school.

George Caleb Bingham

American painter who specialized in painting scenes of everyday life in the West.

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