IB Psychology - Abnormal Psychology Studies

Terms in this set (68)

1973 'On being sane in insane places'
aim: to test reliability and validity of diagnosis in a natural setting. Rosenhan wanted to see if psychiatrists could distinguish between 'abnormal' and 'normal' behaviour

procedure: covert participant observation
-8 participants (5M/3F)
-follow same instructions and present themselves to 12 psychiatric hospitals in the USA

-all participants were admitted to various psych wards and 7 diagnosed with schizophrenia, 1 diagnosed with manic depression
-all pseudo-patients behaved normally b/c they were told they would get out if staff perceived them to be well enough
-pseudo-patients took notes - interpreted as symptom of illness
-took 7 to 52 days before participants were released
-came out with diagnosis (schizophrenia in remission) - they were labeled
-follow-up study: staff at a specific hospital told that impostors would present themselves and 41/193 were identified as impostors while there were none

-40 years ago
-sparked discussion of diagnosis for patients
-development of diagnostic manuals increased reliability and validity although they are flawed
-method raised ethical issues
-justified since results provided evidence of problems that could benefit others
-serious ethical issues in follow-up study, as patients may not have had the treatment they needed

1975 'Stigmatization'
-psychiatric diagnosis carries a personal, legal, and social stigma
-diagnosis of serious mental illness could be based on limited information
-psychiatric diagnosis often associated with significant consequences - considered 'deviant' (social stigma)