13 terms

Ch 4 Les 3 Legacy of Thought (p.114)

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Lu Province
the birthplace of Confucius
Confucius
c. 551 B.C.-479 B.C. Chinese teacher of morals that came to embody the core of Confucianism.
Mencius
c. 371 B.C.-289 B.C. Disciple of Confucius who is regarded as second only to Confucius as the cofounder of Confucianism.
Laozi
c. sixth century B.C. First great teacher of Daoism who taught before Confucius.
nobility
a high-ranking social class
Book of Documents
Zhou dynasty text that Confucius interpreted and revived
Analects
a collection of sayings by Confucius
Confucianism
a way of thinking and living based on the teachings of Confucius
Mandate of Heaven
in dynastic China, the divine right to govern for the good of all people
Daoism
the belief in finding the "way," or the dao, of the universe
What are some of the morals that Confucius valued?
order, harmony, and ways of making the world right
Name three important Confucian principles.
a sense of humanity, respect for the family, and humility
What are some similarities among Confucianism and other ways of thinking in China?
both wanted respect for humanity