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Lu Province

the birthplace of Confucius


c. 551 B.C.-479 B.C. Chinese teacher of morals that came to embody the core of Confucianism.


c. 371 B.C.-289 B.C. Disciple of Confucius who is regarded as second only to Confucius as the cofounder of Confucianism.


c. sixth century B.C. First great teacher of Daoism who taught before Confucius.


a high-ranking social class

Book of Documents

Zhou dynasty text that Confucius interpreted and revived


a collection of sayings by Confucius


a way of thinking and living based on the teachings of Confucius

Mandate of Heaven

in dynastic China, the divine right to govern for the good of all people


the belief in finding the "way," or the dao, of the universe

What are some of the morals that Confucius valued?

order, harmony, and ways of making the world right

Name three important Confucian principles.

a sense of humanity, respect for the family, and humility

What are some similarities among Confucianism and other ways of thinking in China?

both wanted respect for humanity

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