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Nutrition Ch. 11 (Post-Test)
Terms in this set (15)
Which risk factor is associated with atherosclerosis, hypertension, type 2 diabetes, cancer, and obesity?
Which of the leading causes of death listed below are diet-related?
What are risk factors?
factors known to be correlated with diseases, but not proven to be causal
Which lifestyle modification is likely to provide the largest reduction in blood pressure for someone with hypertension?
weight reduction of 5 to 10 percent of current weight
How can you minimize your risks of heart attack and stroke?
Consume fewer grams of saturated and trans fats.
How does diet impact the risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD)?
Diet-related factors can reduce LDL cholesterol.
Type 2 diabetes is ________.
characterized by insulin resistance
What is NOT a recommended prevention strategy to reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes?
Increase your saturated fat intake.
What is the major risk factor for the majority of cancers?
The majority of evidence supports a role for fiber-rich diets as protective against what type of cancer?
On a 2,000-calorie diet, how many servings of high fiber, whole grain per day does the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet recommend?
6 to 8
What significance does the vegetable group have within the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) eating plan?
an important source of potassium, magnesium, and fiber
What does the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet recommend regarding fat consumption?
27 percent of calories as fat, including fat in or added to foods
Which demographic will likely experience the most significant epigenetic changes?
Your friend wants to have her DNA tested because she thinks it will help her identify what foods she should eat. What is your advice to her?
Potential interactions between environmental factors and genome variations must be pinned down before effective application of DNA assessments is possible.
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