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I HUM 202 MIDTERM 1
Terms in this set (106)
Robert Campin, 1425
Giovanni Arnolfini and His Bride
Jan van Eyck, 1434,
Garden of Earthly Delights
Hieronymus Bosch, 1504,
Hans Holbein the Younger
Adam and Eve
Triumph of Death
Conversion of St. Paul
Calling of St. Matthew
Judith Slaying Holofernes
Woman with a Pearl Necklace
Vermeer, Northern Baroque
The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp
Flowers in a Wan-li Vase with Blue Tit
The Arrival and Reception of Marie de'Medici at Marsielles
St. Peter's Square
Vatican Square, designed by Bernini under commission of pope Alexander VII. Tried to appeal with ornate and grandiose style of baroque. Oval Colonnade that symbolized "the motherly arms of the church" embracing it's flock.
The Shepherds of Arcadia
Embarkation from Cythera
St. Paul's Cathedral
Oath of the Horatii
Death of Marat
Opposing or even destroying images, especially those set up for religious veneration in the belief that such images represent idol worship.
use reason and the methods of science to improve life
Fetes Galante (Rococo)
Scenes of elegant parties in lush gardens. A subject in painting depicting well-dressed people at leisure in a park or country setting
the table in a Christian church at which the bread and wine are consecrated in communion services.
a panel, painted or sculpted, situated above and behind an altar
Cloth hanging before an altar or a lectern
The humanists believed that the Greek and Latin classics contained both all the lessons one needed to lead a moral and effective life and the best models for a powerful Latin style.
Belief in the value of individuals and their human potential
the painted or sculpted lower portion of an altarpiece that relates to the subjects of the upper portion
the treatment of light and shade in drawing and painting
dramatic use of intense darkness and light to heighten the impact of a painting
a musical composition for a solo instrument or instruments accompanied by an orchestra, especially one conceived on a relatively large scale.
All notes in a scale related to one central tone
genre of painting popular in the secular baroque of the north. often reflects ideas of national pride or religious overtones.
A type of logic in which generalizations are based on a large number of specific observations.
Francis Bacon's theory which stressed the acquisition of knowledge through experience and observation. Evidence is necessary to prove a hypothesis.
Science of observation
Scientific discoveries during the Baroque Period challenged the authority of both the Catholic and Protestant churches. Some philosophers and scientists questioned religious ideals, while others continued to incorporate aspects of religion into their theories and views of the physical world.
two end-stopped iambic pentameter lines rhymed aa, bb, cc with the thought usually completed in the two-line unit
Literary genre designed to convey the contradictions between real and idea situations
A system that originated with the Persian prophet Mani, whose belief was that good and evil rule the universe and are in conflict. Highlighted in Candide by Martin
Cult of Feeling
What you feel is as important as what you do
claims that the universe was created by a good and orderly God, if he is fully good then he wouldn't allow evil to exist without some greater future purpose, concluding that we live in the best of all possible worlds and it seems imperfect to us because we have limited capabilities of understanding God's logic
Descartes view that all of reality could ultimately be reduced to mind and matter
Doubt whatever you can and whatever cannot be doubted is certain
The religion of the Enlightenment (1700s). Followers believed that God existed and had created the world, but that afterwards He left it to run by its own natural laws. Denied that God communicated to man or in any way influenced his life.
exposition, development, recapitulation. Gives primacy to a particular major or minor scale. First and last movements often share the same key.
Common instrumental genre during the baroque period, a sonata for two treble instruments (usually violins) above a basso continuo. A performance featured four or more players if more than one was used for the continuo part.
Short, recurring instrumental passage found in both the aria and the Baroque concerto
things added to something to provide decoration
Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture
founded during Louis XIV's reign. strict control. hierarchy of genres - best: history painting, worst: still life. Poussin's art = final authority. The premier art institution of the 18th century.
Great Chain of Being
European idea that every species was a link on a chain extending from lowest forms to humans and on to spiritual beings. All links and been designed at the same time during creation and would never change. Once all the links were discovered and described, the meaning of life would be revealed.
Hamlet idea, humanistic multi-dimensional person
William Hogarth printed_____________ as a commentary on the unfortunate consequences resulting from thousands of Londoners who were addicted to gin
Louis XVI of France considered himself the "sun king" because....
He saw himself as dispensing wealth, like the sun god, Apollo
Jean-Antoine Watteau's fêtes galantes became popular, because of their
Which series of instrumental works is JS Bach most famous for?
Which characteristics apply to Baroque music as it was discussed in this course? (mark all that are true)
concerto as a typical form
What was Frans Hals known for?
Why did Alexander Pope use heroic couplets for his discourse on ethics, An Essay on Man?
To reflect balance and harmony
The overarching purpose of the Encyclopédie was to
accumulate and preserve human knowledge
The Rococo style emphasized
the pursuit of pleasure
Eighteenth-century French philosophes were concerned with
secular and social concerns
Very elaborate and ornate (in decorating or metaphorically, as in speech and writing); relating to a highly ornate style of art and architecture in 18th-century France
the movement in Art in Germany and Flanders that reflected greater religious tones; , Emphasized Critical Thinking, Developed Christian Humanism criticizing the church & society, Painting/ Woodcuts/Literature
A style of art and architecture that emerged in the later 18th century. Part of a general revival of interest in classical cultures, Neoclassicism was characterized by the utilization of themes and styles from ancient Greece and Rome.
Poussinistes vs. Rubenistes
disagreement between the followers of Rubens and Poussin about the merits of rich textures, sensuous color and intense emotion(Rubens) and drawing, composition and emotional restraint(Poussin)
A style of music between 1600-1750 characterized by the use of the harpsichord. Baroque top composers include Johann Sebastian Bach and George Handel. Baroque music came before the Classical and Romantic music style periods.
loaded with tension, drive (sometimes called a ''motor rhythm"), activity, and flairs for the dramatic.
The printing press
15th century invention which revolutionized the ability to print information which in turn affected the speed of the spread of information itself.
A religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of Protestant churches.
Arguments written by Martin Luther against the Catholic church. They were posted on Octobe 31, 1517.
A movement in the 18th century that advocated the use of reason in the reappraisal of accepted ideas and social institutions.
Dissolution Act of 1536
Henry VIII getting rid of monastic lands to get more money
Council of Trent
A meeting of Roman Catholic leaders, called by Pope Paul III to rule on doctrines criticized by the Protestant reformers.
A Roman Catholic tribunal for investigating and prosecuting charges of heresy - especially the one active in Spain during the 1400s. Used to expel or convert all non-Christian Spaniards
Muslims and Jews
Reinforced the image of the Spanish monarchy as champions of Christianity
A period of rapid growth in the use of machines in manufacturing and production that began in the mid-1700s
the reaction of the Roman Catholic Church to the Reformation reaffirming the veneration of saints and the authority of the Pope (to which Protestants objected)
Emergence of the middle class
began with the Industrial Revolution. Movement from rural areas into cities and factories
Publication of Encyclopedie
By Diderot began 1751 to 1772. "to change the general way of thinking"
German theologian who led the Reformation. 95 Thesis, posted in 1517, led to religious reform in Germany, denied papal power and absolutist rule. Claimed there were only 2 sacraments: baptism and communion.
Famous Northern Renaissance artist, he often used woodcutting along with Italian Renaissance techniques like proportion, perspective and modeling. Protestant imagery.
Swiss theologian whose sermons began the Reformation in Switzerland (1484-1531). Iconoclasm. Rejected celibacy.
Wrote the encyclopedia
Jan van Eyck
pioneered modern techniques of oil painting. Expresses his love of detail through his ability to render in oil paint the texture of things and the way light plays across their surfaces. Love of detail and smooth surfaces that don't show brushstrokes. Painted the Ghent Altarpiece and Giovanni Arnolfini and bride.
Isenheim Altarpiece. underscores the Northern European preoccupation with death. Typical to the North in its unswerving reality of death, with minute details, but uniquely German in its intense emotionalism and almost mystical sense of transcendentalism
religious reformer who believed in predestination and a strict sense of morality for society--Geneva. Also an iconoclast.
A radical German Anabaptist who was a rebel leader during the Peasants' War of 1524-26. Luther despised Muntzer for his politicization of the Reformation, and they disagreed over several religious doctrines. Believed that reform of the Church required the absolute abolition of the vestiges of feudalism, the rule of what he called the "Godless princes" and the self-serving scholars and priests who worked for them. Believed that God spoke spiritually to every individual with faith, and that God's word came in visions and dreams as well as from scripture.
Charles I of England
1600-1649; King of England 1625-1649; numerous conflicts with Parliament; fought wars with France, Spain, and Scotland; eventually provoked Civil War, convicted of treason, and beheaded
proto-Mannerist style, reflecting the virtuosity and sophistication of its practitioners. distorted, artificial poses, mysterious or obscure settings, and, very often, elongated proportions.marked by the rejection of the Classicizing tendencies of the High Renaissance and by the artist's display of virtuosity through manipulations and distortions of the conventional figure. Serpentine Figure
Gentileschi was not attracted to traditional subjects like the Annunciation. She preferred biblical and mythological heroines and women who played major roles.
- King of France (1774-1792). In 1789 he summoned the Estates-General, but he did not grant the reforms that were demanded and revolution followed. Louis and his queen, Marie Antoinette, were executed in 1793. Banned the Encyclopedie.
the first order of friars, preached about god's love, poverty, and humility
led the counter-reformation, thought art should teach, & inspire, be an emotional stimulus to piety, and be intelligible and reasonable
Patron family of the arts
Ruled Florence during the Renaissance, became wealthy from banking, spent a lot of money on art, controlled Florence for about 3 centuries
An Essay on Man
Alexander Pope: philosophical optimism
Voltaire, satirizing society and organized religion in Europe.
Discourse on Method
English artist noted for a series of engravings that satirized the affectations of his time (1697-1764)
Baroque. Famous for the Messiah--an oratorio.
Baroque. Composer who believed music was a means to worship God and lived a quiet life at a church; created the Brandenberg concertos.
Classical. Child prodigy. Death of the rococo. Overly complicated, emotional and intellectual. Balanced with dramatic shifts.
symphonic form. Was able to create new genres, because his "master" gave him freedom to experiment. He was cut off from the world, so he had to become original.
(1638-1715) Known as the Sun King, he was an absolute monarch that completely controlled France. One of his greatest accomplishments was the building of the palace at Versailles. Absolutist. Huge patron of the arts.
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