Early modern china
Terms in this set (14)
What four elements make a strong world power?
Government, Technology, Resources and Military
What was China's power like in the world in the 1400's?
Strong dynasty (government)
technology advanced for the time
Silk and porcelain (resources)
Srong and dominant military
Why did China go into isolation in 1600's?
Since other world civilizations were far behind in technology and resources, China did not need to trade with them and thought they were barbarians.
When did China come out of isolation?
what was different about it's power when China came out of isolation?
Dynasty was weak (government)
technology remained the same since nothing changed since they went in and othercivilizations progressed.
Resources of silk and porcelain were still strong.
Military was weak because they didn't have the new weapons technology
What was the impact of the Industrial revolution?
1. EUROPE: Revolution began in England anditems could be massed produced with machines. Therefore those countries need raw material, people to sells things to and luxury items for the new wealthy.
2. Europe wanted to trade with China. In the past, they got things through trade and imperialism (creating empires like taking over India). They wanted to trade with China but not rule it.
3. China did not want to trade with Europe since they had not gone through the industrial revolution.
China refused Britain trade
4. Britain introduced opium to China to weaken it further. They did not like to be denied trade.
How did the British weaken China?
They smuggled Opium that they grew in India (their colony). They knew it was addicting and would make the economy become sluggish.
The chinese paid for the opium in silver.
How did the opium war start and end?
The Chinese outlawed opium ask requested the British to stop smuggling. When this didn't happen, they attacked a British ship full of opium.
The British fought back and used this as an excuse to invade China and then force it to trade.
What was the treaty of Nanjing?
The Chinese were forced to pay for the opium they burned and they also had to give up ports and economic rights to British. Other countries watched and did the same thing.
What are spheres of influence?
When other countries saw Britain forcing trade with China, they divided up the valuable parts of China into spheres of Influence. Within those areas, the European countries had exclusive rights to control ports, build factories and railroads as well as sell items. THIS WAS NOT A COLONY. The Europeans only wanted the economic privileges NOT teh political control.
Why did America want the Open Door Policy?
America did not want the European countries to divide up China. They wanted to have China remain free and not colonized.
This plan was shot down as the unequal treaties were signed and the spheres of influence created.
America did get to trade freely with China but did not use a Sphere of Influence.
What was Lin Tse-hsu's point of view about the British selling opium?
He thought it was immoral of the British to sell an addicting drug that was illegal in their own country.
Gideon Nye's point of view about British selling opium?
Even though he admitted to selling the opium, he said it was China's fault for letting it in the country since the officials were so easily bribed. and the chinese people's fault for buying it since they were immoral.
Why did Lin Tse-hsu and Gideon Nye have different views on opium in China?
Lin Tse-hsu wanted the British to leave China alone. The British wanted trade from China that they could not get and needed to use want ever they could to weaken China to yiled to their will.