Terms in this set (200)
A patient with a rapid pulse has bradycardia.
Water soluble vitamins are A, D, E, and K
carbon dioxide is a waste product of metabolism.
some states consider it legal for medical assistants to diagnose a condition and prescribe treatment.
it is illegal for a patient to be denied a copy of his chart if he is unable to pay the fee to obtain it
A physician cannot be held responsible for the actions of employees.
a substance used impart color to tissue or cells in order to study and identify microscopic organisms is called a stain.
Another name for a heart attack is myocardial infraction.
a property collected sputum specimen should contain both mucus coughed up from the respiratory tract and saliva
the most reliable and timely method of transporting microbiologic specimens is pickup by the laboratory.
hepat stands for root of the kidney
a medical assistant needs additional training to be able to preform microbiologic tests, such as sensitivity test, and to interpret cultures of specimens.
viruses are found in soil
the process of blood cells clumping together to form a clot is called coagulation.
Water contributes about 60% of body weight
the lowest level of organization for the human body begains at the chemical level.
the law requires all employers to withhold money from employees' net earning to pay federal, state, and local incomes taxes.
Carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins are examples of compounds.
the optimal temperature to promote growth of bacteria in a culture medium is 37 C
Bacteria that stains purple are gram positive.
The dorsal cavity is located in the front of the body.
Neoplasm's are 'new growths' and are cancerous or non- cancerous.
the Ventricles have one way valves at their entrances and exits so that blood goes in the proper direction as the heart pumps.
a living will is intended stop help families Of terminally ill patients deal with the inevitable outcome and limit unnecessary medical costs.
A co-payment is a fixed percentage of covered charges after the deductible is met
all medical practices have to cover worker's compensation cases.
the study of all factors that cause disease is known as etiology.
a check from an insurance company includes payment for only one patient.
Calcium in milk can diminish the absorption of some antibiotics
Compounded interest is paid on the initial investment and on the interest earned on the investment.
an employer must pay FUTA tax if employees' wages total more than $1500 in any quarter.
Vesting means that you have a legal right to all the money in your account.
Trichinella spiralis is a roundworm that enters the body in infected meat eaten raw or undercooked.
in a medical practice, accounts receivable describes the money that is paid out to run the practice.
a customary fee is the fee a doctor charges for a service or procedure.
the physician usually authorizes several people to handle the purchasing of supplies and other products.
infraction is an area of dead tissue caused by an invasion of bacteria or loss of blood supply.
the percentage the employer pays for federal unemployment taxes decreases of the employer also pays state unemployment taxes.
Untreated strep throat is not serious and does not lead to complications.
metabolism is the sum of all cellular process that build, maintain and supply energy to living tissue.
the daily recommended allowance for fat in the adult diet is 50% to 60%
the typical American diet contains 2to 5 g sodium daily
Most fungi do not cause disease in humans
encephal means neck
Cyst means bladder
the medical tear for headache is
A word meaning Fever si
Low blood sugar is
The word part which means joint is
excessive tissue formation is referred to as a
one who studies cells is referred to as a
incision into the chest wall is referred to as
Under the skin is referred to as
Atriomegaly refers to
enlargement of the atrium of the heart
one complete heartbeat, combining the contraction and relaxation phases is known as the
resection refers to
cutting or removal of a portion of
another term of subcutaneous injection is
In performing a treatment without the patient's informed consent, the physician runs the risk of a suit for
assault and battery
the statute of limitations for bringing malpractice suits varies from state to state, but in most states it is difficult to initiate
a court order for a physician to appear and testify is known as a/an
for anyone to practice medicine without a license, except in a few special circumstances, is
a criminal offence
negligence in the medical profession is called
an employee who is considered tk be acting on the doctor's behalf while performing professional tasks is
a physician reports a case od acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) to the state. this is called
physician's public duty
the age of majority in most jurisdictions is
the study of values or principles governing personal relationship, including ideals of autonomy, justice, and conduct is called
when performing a microscopic,the evaluation of each element present in the urinary sediment is based upon the
average number found in ten fields
when doing a red cell count, the factor by which the cells counted are multiplied is
When focusing the microscope, one should begin with which objective?
the macroscopic examination of urine consists of
observing the color and character
the appropriate gauge needle to use when performing phlebotomy of veins in the forearm is
20 or 21 gauge
when using a standard white blood cell pipette for determining a white blood cell count, the total number of cells counted is multiplied by
the most common bacteriology stain is
the most common positions for chest x-rays are
PA and lateral
gram staining is done to determine
whether a bacteria is gram positive or gram negative
on a normal ECG tracing, the first wave to show downward deflection is
the first sound heard when taking blood pressure is
normal oral temperature is 98.6°F. the equivalent Celsius temperature is
untrasound waves are disrupted by
air and gas
untrasound is commonly
given with electrical stimulation
the latest while blood cells are the
which of the following needles has the widest lumen
an injection into the tissue between between the skin and muscle is called
the later of cells forming the epidermis of the skin and the surface layer of mucous and serous membranes
the epidermis contains
the term strata means
neurons that carry impulses toward the brain or spinal cord are
a large molecule which is the main constituent of chromosomes is referred to as
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
red blood cells appear red due to the presence of
the heartbeat is normally regulated by the
sympathetic and parasympathetic nerves
the median or sagittal plane divides the body
into left and right
a patient in the supine position is lying
flat on their back with palms and face up
is the opposite of distal
the body is divided into front and back by which of the following planes?
the opposite of ventral is
the opposite of distal is
the number of bones in the body is
the longest bone in the body is the
tissues are composed of
the valve located on the right side of the heart is
canals in the inner ear the affect equilibrium are
the are between the lings that contain the heart, trachea, esophagus, and thymus gland is called
the surgical breaking of bones is called
pain over the course of a nerve is
which of the following are examples of plant derived drugs?
digitoxin and quinine
which of the following are drugs derived from animal substances?
thyroid hormone and insulin
which drug is derived from mineral source?
the abbreviation used to indicate the medication should be given Four Times a day is
a microorganismis is a (an)
tiny animal or plant
a typical symptom of food allergy is
Iron is known to be a necessary component of
Fat soluble vitamins
are slower than water soluble vitamins to exhibit deficiencies
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 kg of water by 1°C is a)an
which of the following is the most essential nutrient for building and repairing cells and tissue?
each gram of _________ contains four calories
it is recommended that what percentage of an individuals total daily caloric intake be made up of carbohydrates?
50% - 60%
which of the following ar used for immediate fuel and are converted to glucose?
after the body's carbohydrates reserves are depleted, which of the following does the body burn?
which of the following is the daily recommendation of fiber for adults
20 to 30 mg
the recommended daily adult cholesterol intake is no more than
which of the following are saturated fats?
coconut and palm oil
the most important nutrient that is essential for the production of red blood cells is
which vitamin is an intracellular antioxidant, maintains cell structures, and aids the formation of red blood cells?
which vitamin builds bones and teeth, is found in egg yolks, butter, and fortified milk
Vitamin ________ is rich in citrus fruits, mangoes, strawberries, and green leaf vegetables.
which of the following maintains fluid and acid base balance abd it's main dietary source is salt?
of the following, which is important in the maintenance of muscle contraction and is found in food such as bananas, raisins, oranges, and potatoes?
a condition in which the heart is unable to pump adequate amounts of blood to the tissue and organs id
a quick rising collapsing (water hammer)) pulse is characteristic of
a lift or have is the ride with each heartbeat of the
hypertension is the adult is defined as blood pressure greater than
an inflammation of the skin usually causing itching and sometimes accompanied by scaling or blisters is
which of the following may precipitate individual attacks of asthma?
VOLATILE IRRITANTS FROM ORGANIC SOLVENTS,
EXPOSURE TO MISTS AND DUSTS IN INDIVIDUAL PLANTS, INHALATION OF COLD AIR
a condition indicating that certain elements are lacking in the blood
a metabolic bone disorder affecting postmenopausal women and is characterized by the loss of calsium and phosphate from the bone:
what chronic inflammatory disease attaks joints and surrounding tissues, and intermittent with periods of remission?
What contagious, superficial skin infection is usually seen in young children?
a chronic disease of insulin deficiency or resistance is
a critical illness resulting in the sudden cessation of kidney function is
congenital anemia occurs primarily in African Americans and about one in ten carry the abnormal gene called
the most potent stimulus ti increasing coronary blood flow is called
local myocardial hypoxia
the term for disease producing is
diabetes mellitues is a disease that involves the
a malignant tumor is referred to as
high blood pressure is refferred to as
an abnormal increase in red blood cells is called
one who studies diseases is a
inflammation of the joints and bones is referred to as
the abbriviation for EVERY HOUR is
which of the following is the process of converting drug from its does form, such as tablet or capsule, into a form of the body can use?
the process by which drug molecules are transformed into simpler products is called
which of the following is considered a drug's official name?
which part of a prescription includes the name of the drug and the amount ?
which part of the prescription contains the patient's instructions?
what would you do to secure the handling prescription pads?
suggest that the physician write prescribed amounts of medication in both numerals and words
the action of antihypertensive drugs is to
reduce blood pressure
3times a day
what abbreviation for Last Menstrual Period?
what is the abbreviation for Righteye
what is the abbreviation for Hematocrit blood test?
what is the abbreviation for carcinoma
what is the abbreviation for Every Other Day
what is the abbreviation for Microgram
what performing a finger puncture, the first drop of blood should be
the packed red blood cell volume is determined by
performing a hematocrit test
when doing a deferential white blood cell count, total number of cells counted is
the time the film is allowed to remain in the fix solution is
twice as long as the developing time
the most common place to take a pulse os at the
when applying a cast the plaster
is applied over a stockinette
if a carotid pulse is was taken, it was taken at the
Palpation is done by
feeling a part with the hand
a patient is bleeding heavily from a wound on the forearm, you should
apply direct pressure
the normal pulse rate for children from one to seven years of age is
80 to 120
the normal pulse rate for children over the age of seven is
80 to 90
the normal pulse rate for adults is
60 to 80
the process of measuring as done in the chest expansion is called
the medication for injections should be verified at least
the appropriate way to dispose of a syringe and needle after giving an injection is to
dispose in leak proof, puncture resistant container
the most common exposure incident a medical worker may encounter is
accidentally sticking oneself with a used needle
the first modern health insurance become an employment benefit because
a group of schoolteachers in Dallas Texas joined forces and requested it
the underlying principle of all types of insurance is
the law of probability
A program of medical care for the needy provided by the title XIX of the Social Security Amendments of 1965
an insurance contract written for a company for its employees is called
persons who are unable to pay for medical care or who have dependent children, may apply for
a fixed dollar amount the subscriber must pay or " meet " each year before the insurer begins to cover expenses is the
in a typical medical practice, insurance claims are filed
7 to 10 business days from the date of service
payments made by a patient represent the doctor's
dollar entries made on the left side of the ledger are called
any checks received for the doctor should be immediately
given a restrictive endorsement
a patients financial account is referred to as
ledger or ledger card
one way to prevent patients from forgetting future appointments is
A. called them the day before their appointment
B. do not book more than two weeks in advance
C. use appointment cards
D. All of the above
the three main groups of carbohydrates are
monosaccharides, disaccharides, polysaccharides
an inadequate supply of essential nutrients in the diet may result in
which of the following comprises about 60% of the body's weight?
blondness can result from a severe lack of
the vitamin that is necessary for the proper clotting of the blood is
good sources of vitamin C are