Connecticut DMV Permit Test Study Guide
Terms in this set (169)
What warning sign indicates a sharp curve?
Where must you park your vehicle in regards to a pedestrian safety zone or a stop sign?
You cannot park within 25 feet of either
A 16 or 17-year-old driver who received their license on or after August 1, 2008, must not operate a vehicle between the hours of ___, unless it is for certain activities.
11 p.m. and 5 a.m.
Under what circumstances can a 16 or 17 year old driver operate a vehicle between the designated curfew?
. employment/school/religious activities
. medical necessity
. they are a driver in the safe ride program
What can happen if your driver's license says you must be wearing corrective lenses and you are stopped by a law enforcement officer while not wearing them?
You may be issued a citation
How should you use the steering wheel when turning sharp corners?
Using the hand-over-hand technique
What should you do if your turn signals aren't working?
Use hand signals
When should you signal if you intend to turn after an intersection?
Wait until you reach the intersection before signalling
How long should you signal before making a turn?
At least 3 seconds
Should you signal when no one is around?
Yes, you should signal every time you change direction
What does a vertical rectangular traffic sign usually give?
Instructions to drivers/information about traffic laws
When you are driving at night and there are no oncoming vehicles, what lights should you use?
Your high beam lights
When are high beam lights used?
. unfamiliar roads
. construction areas
. where there may be people along the side of the road
What pavement markings mean that vehicles travelling in both directions can make left turns?
What sign indicates that you are going to approach a crossroad?
How many feet should vehicles not be parked within of a fire hydrant?
What sign indicates that you should not make a right turn?
What does a dashed yellow line alongside a solid yellow line indicate?
Passing is permitted only on the side of the dashed yellow line
What hand signal indicates a right turn?
hand and arm extended upward
What must you do when you see or hear an emergency vehicle approaching from any direction?
Pull over to the right edge of the road and stop your vehicle
How far ahead of their vehicles do safer drivers tend to look?
What sign indicates that the pavement is wet and how should cars respond?
Reduce their speed
What should you do when you are being followed too closely?
Pull to the right
How many seconds does a vehicle moving at 55 mph need to pass?
Where should bicyclists ride when a road is too narrow for cars and bikes to ride side by side?
In or near the center of the lane
What must you do if your brakes stop working while driving?
. pump the brake pedal several times
. start shifting to lower gears and look for a safe place to slow to stop
. use the parking brake
What sign indicates that the road ahead curves to the right and then to the left?
How many days will your license be suspended if you fail the Blood Alcohol Content (BAC) test?
During heavy traffic, drivers are prohibited from entering any intersection, unless there is sufficient space on the opposite side of the intersection to accommodate their vehicle without obstructing the passage of other vehicles or pedestrians. What is not doing so referred to as?
"blocking the box" or causing "gridlock"
What sign represents an exit number?
What sign represents a left or through sign in which a lane splits into two separate directions?
What does a flashing yellow traffic light mean?
Slow down and proceed with caution
How much time will a driver be given to have the problem fixed and emissions re-checked when a vehicle fails an emissions test?
How long is a new driver's license valid and when will it expire?
Valid for 5-1/2 to 7 years and will expire on your birthday
What may blind pedestrians use?
. white canes
. guide dogs
How fast should you drive on an icy road where the posted speed limit is 50 mph?
Slower than the posted speed limit
When and by whom should safety belts be worn?
By the driver and passengers at all times while driving
What should you make sure of before making a right turn at an intersection?
That there is no traffic approaching from your left
What kinds of mobile telephone devices are adult drivers allowed to use while driving?
A hands-free cell phone
What does the eye test for the driver's license evaluate?
. depth and color perception
. peripheral vision
What should you do if it feels like your tires have lost traction with the surface of the road?
. keep the steering wheel straight
. not stop until your tires are gripping the road again
. ease your foot off the gas pedal
What sign represents a U.S. route marker?
What can unbalanced tires and low tire pressure cause?
. faster tire wear
. reduce fuel economy
. make the vehicle harder to steer and stop
Who has the right of way in the following situations?
. pedestrians in a marked or unmarked crosswalk
. pedestrians with a guide dog or using a white cane
. an intersection where there is no stop sign, yield sign, or oncoming traffic signal
. vehicles coming from the right
If a law enforcement officer's signals contradict traffic signals, what should you obey?
The signals given by the officer
What should you do when you approach a horse being ridden on a highway?
Reduce your speed
**do NOT honk your horn
What sign indicates a crossroad and how should drivers respond?
Proceed slowly and be alert
A barrier of glass, concrete, or other material separating two roadways, including interstate highways
Is it legal to ride over, across, or onto a median?
What hand signal represents the intention to slow down or stop?
The hand and arm are extended down
What hand should make hand signals when car lights fail?
The left hand
What hand signal represents a left turn?
The driver's hand and arm are extended straight out to the left
How can you avoid hydroplaning?
What should you do if you begin to skid while hydroplaning?
Try to regain control of the vehicle or release the accelerator and try to ride out the skid
What do regulatory devices on the road instruct you to do and what are the consequences of not complying?
Stop, proceed in a certain direction, or limit your speed; a penalty
What do double solid yellow lines in the center of the road mean?
Passing is not permitted in either lane
When should you make a U-turn?
. when it is safe
. in a city or town that allows a U-turn
When shouldn't you make a U-turn?
. on any curve or near the crest of a hill when your vehicle may not be seen by other drivers
. an intersection controlled by a traffic light or police officer
. a location that is marked with a 'no U-turn' sign
. railroad crossings
What do warning signs do?
Alert drivers to actual or potentially dangerous conditions ahead
What does it mean if a green light turns yellow?
A red arrow, steady red light, or steady green light will soon follow
What should you do if you are completing a left turn on a green light that turns yellow?
Complete your turn and don't block the intersection
What minimum safe distance should motorists maintain from a bicycle travelling in the same direction?
What are you unable to do when confronted with a solid center line on your side of the road?
Pass on the left using the oncoming traffic lane
Where should you check for traffic when you want to change lanes?
Behind and to the side of your vehicle
What should you do when making a right turn?
. look right and left
. yield the right-of-way
. turn the wheel using the hand-over-hand technique
What does a solid white line between lanes of traffic mean?
Drivers should stay in their lane and not cross it except in a special situation
What do the letters "RR" painted on the pavement indicate?
A railroad crossing ahead
What are traffic warning signs in work zones usually?
Orange; only red if traffic situations are dangerous
What must you do in a roundabout?
. stay to the right of the center island
. do not stop if the way is clear
. never pass or overtake another vehicle in a single-lane roundabout
. travel around the circle until you reach your desired street and use your right turn signal
What must drivers pay more attention to when driving in rural areas?
Unmarked railroad crossings and hidden intersections
Areas around trucks and buses where cars disappear into blind spots; they can restrict the driver's ability to stop or maneuver safely
What does steam coming out from under your vehicle hood mean and how should you respond?
Your cooling system has overheated; pull to the side of the road, turn off your engine, and add extra water after the engine has cooled if necessary
On a three-lane highway, how should the far left and right lanes be treated?
Far right lane- slower vehicles
Far left lane- passing lane
What sign indicates a road crew at work ahead and how should you respond?
Reduce speed and change lanes away from the workers
Who should you yield right of way to when making a left turn at an intersection or into an alley or driveway?
All traffic coming from the opposite direction
Where should you look before backing up and while backing up?
Before- front, sides, and rear
During- to the rear
What must you do when entering an interstate highway from the acceleration lane?
Keep pace with other traffic or obey posted speed limits
What do black on orange signs on a highway identify?
Specific information and directions to drivers in work zones
What does a double solid white line marking the edge of a traffic lane indicate?
Travel in the same direction is indicated on both sides of the line but crossing the line is prohibited
What should you do if a railroad grade crossing has no warning devices or only a cross buck sign?
Slow down and then proceed with caution; an approaching train has right of way
What should you do when making a right turn from a four-lane divided highway?
Enter the right lane well in advance of the turn and make a tight turn into the right lane of the cross street
What should you do when traffic control lights are not working?
Come to a full stop before proceeding through the intersection; you may proceed with caution after yielding to all pedestrians and other vehicles that have already stopped or are in the intersection
What should you do if an emergency vehicle is moving in your lane displaying red flashing lights or using a siren?
Pull over to the curb, stop, and remain there until the emergency vehicle has passed
What does a flashing yellow arrow indicate?
You should prepare to stop and give right-of-way to oncoming traffic before turning
Where do trucks and buses often need to move to make right turns?
The left lane
What sign prohibits drivers from turning around in the middle of the street or an intersection?
What should you do if you find yourself in a skid while driving?
Ease your foot off the gas and carefully steer in the direction you want the front of the car to go; if your car doesn't have anti-lock brakes don't brake
What does a solid yellow line usually mark on a four-lane divided roadway or one-way road?
The left edge of the pavement
What are three types of intersections on the road?
Controlled, uncontrolled, blind
Which lane should you drive in on a three-lane highway and why?
The lane with the smoothest flow of traffic- typically the middle lanes
Why should you drive smoothly?
It allows you to keep more distance between yourself and other drivers and save gas
What should you do in preparation for a safe and legal turn?
Move into the proper lane well before the turn
(ex. far left lane for left turns, far right lane for right turns)
When driving on freeways, the condition that makes you feel that you are going slower than your actual speed
How can you avoid velocitizing?
Varying your speed when driving long distances on the highway and reducing speed when entering exit ramps
What must you do when entering a paved thoroughfare from a private road, driveway, or unpaved road?
Come to a complete stop and then give the right of way to pedestrians, bicyclists, or vehicles on the road that you are entering
What should you do if you intend to turn beyond an intersection?
Signal just after you pass through the intersection
What should a car driver look for when passing a truck or commercial motor vehicle?
the side, rear, and front No-Zones
What do all work zone symbols or signs have?
An orange background and black letters
What does a red light with a green arrow mean?
You may go cautiously in the direction of the arrow, yielding to pedestrians
What should you do if a driver is following you too closely?
Slow down and encourage the driver to pass
What shouldn't you do in a vehicle with a steering wheel interlock system and why?
Turn the ignition to the lock position while driving; it will cause the steering wheel to lock
What does a two headed arrow with one head pointing straight ahead and the other pointing to the left mean?
You may either proceed straight ahead or turn to the left
When is it illegal to use your horn?
. when approaching or passing a horse
. around blind people
. to notify other drivers of an error
How is a vehicle's stopping distance determined?
It is the sum of the braking distance and reaction distance; greater if you are tired, driving fast, or have bad brakes
Gives you information about food, lodging, gas, etc.
(blue signs with white lettering)
When is the only time stopping on the pavement or shoulder is allowed?
In an emergency or when your vehicle is unable to go any further
What safety precaution makes you more likely to survive in the event of a car crash?
Using the lap and shoulder belts together
Where shouldn't you use high beam lighting?
In fog, rain, or heavy snow; the light reflects back and causes glare
Why should drivers maintain windshield wipers in good operating condition?
They keep rain and snow off the windshield
What should you do if another driver is passing your vehicle?
Stay in the lane and do not increase your speed
How should you signal and where should you look if parallel parked on the left or right sides of a street?
LEFT: right turn, look over right shoulder
RIGHT: left turn, look over left shoulder
What do flag persons look like and what is their role?
Orange vests, shirts, or jackets and use red flags/stop/slow paddles to direct drivers through work zones; stop, slow or guide traffic safely on highways or street work zones
When shouldn't you make a U-turn on a curve or near the top of a hill?
If you cannot be seen by drivers approaching from either direction
What should you use for interchanges on expressways or interstate highways?
Exit and entrance ramps, never median crossovers
What should you do if you miss your interchange or exit at the wrong interchange?
Go to the next one; follow it out
What are the two most common types of interchanges?
Diamond and cloverleaf
How does your braking distance change if you double your speed on a highway?
It increases 4x
What lanes should you use for turning and through-travel on a one way street with three or more lanes of traffic?
The outside lanes for turning and any lane for through-travel
How should you prevent drowsiness and "highway hypnosis" in continuous driving on an interstate road?
Keep your eyes moving and avoid staring in one direction; focus on certain objects
What does the following sign indicate?
The right turn to enter route 22 west
What are qualities of seat belts?
. they slow your body down with the car
. increase your chances of survival; you won't be trapped
. they should be worn low and snug on the hips and tight across the shoulder
. they keep you from being thrown from the car
What are large electronic flashing arrow panels used in work zones for?
To guide drivers into certain traffic lanes; begin merging well in advance of them
What sign indicates an underpass with a low clearance ahead which vehicles greater than the posted height should avoid?
How should you handle a curve?
Slow down before entering the curve
What sign warns drivers of a hill or downgrade ahead, and how should they respond?
Slow down and be ready to shift into a lower gear to control speed and save brakes
What should you use to guard against the glare of the headlights of the vehicle behind you?
A day-night mirror; adjust it prior to driving
What should you do if your vehicle's wheels shift onto the shoulder of the road?
Not try to turn back onto the pavement right away; slow down, regain control, and turn slowly
What are locked wheel skids normally caused by?
Braking too hard at a high speed and locking the wheels; take your foot off the brake, straighten the front wheels, and slow the vehicle gradually until it reaches a safe speed
What diamond-shaped sign indicates to drivers that they are approaching a stop sign?
Which sign is displayed on any slow-moving vehicle or equipment, animal-drawn vehicle, or road construction or maintenance machinery moving at under 25 mph an hour?
What slow-moving vehicles are not required to display a triangular sign?
Road construction or maintenance machinery engaged in actual construction or guarded by a flagger or warning signs
What sign indicates that farm equipment is passing on the road?
When is the only time drivers can use bright lights?
At night, in the open country without other cars nearby
What should drivers do before changing lanes?
Check mirrors and look over their shoulders towards the rear
What does a yield sign look like and what does this indicate?
Red and white triangle; you must yield right-of-way to oncoming traffic and slow down to a reasonable speed
What are situations in which passing on the right is allowed?
. one-way streets where all lanes of traffic move in the same direction
. highways with at least two lanes travelling in each direction
. passing a vehicle in a left-turn lane
When isn't passing on the right permitted?
When driving in a lane set aside for left turns; permitted in a lane set aside for right turns
Where must a driver begin a turn when turning left from a one-way street to another?
from the left lane and make a turn close to the left curb
What must you do when approaching pedestrians who are walking on or crossing the roadway?
slow down, yield, and be prepared to stop
Who should drivers yield to at an intersection where there is no stop sign or traffic signal?
Vehicles coming from the right
What rule should you follow when you come to an intersection and try to make a move?
left, right, left rule; look to the left, then the right, then the left again
What should you do when turning left from a two-way street onto a one-way street?
Begin the turn with your left wheel as close as possible to the yellow dividing line
What do two solid yellow lines mark when there are four or more lanes with traffic moving in opposite directions?
The center of the roadway; you can only pass them when making a left turn into an alley, private road, driveway, or another street
What should you do if you are driving downhill and the downgrade is very steep?
Shift to a lower gear
Where should you stay when driving on a road with three or more lanes, except when passing another vehicle?
The middle lanes
What actions escalate road rage?
. blowing the horn
. forcing a car off the road
. cutting or swerving in front of other vehicles
What is not a safe situation for passing?
When moving through an intersection or crosswalk
Where is it safest to drive when driving in a two-lane road?
The center of your lane
Who should drivers yield to in school crosswalks?
Always pedestrians, even in the absence of a school crossing guard
How are fines impacted in school zones?
They are doubled
What should drivers be aware of when driving in school zones?
. children have minimal perception of car speeds and distances
. drivers must reduce their speed to the posted speed limit in school zones
What should you do if your parked car rolls away and hits another unattended vehicle?
Report the collision to the city police and leave a note with your name, phone number, and address attached to the vehicle
What should you do to avoid a head-on collision when you see an oncoming vehicle in your lane?
Steer right towards the shoulder or curb line
What must you do when slowing down or stopping?
Use either the brake operated signal lights or arm signal to alert the driver behind you
What should you do when you are preparing to turn left and see and oncoming vehicle?
Yield the right of way
What is a pedestrian carrying a white cane or white cane tipped with red usually?
What warning sign represents the ending of a divided highway?
What should you make sure of before turning right at intersections?
That there is no traffic approaching from your left or turning left into your path
Mile markers placed along the outside shoulder every two-tenths of a mile to mark the edge of the roadway
What is the purpose of reference markers?
to convey information to drivers about their location on the interstate for navigation and emergency situations
Is it legal to make a left turn at a red light in Connecticut?
What should you do if another driver is tailgating you?
. provide more space to allow them to pass
. reduce your speed
. move to the right lane
What should you not do if another driver is tailgating you?
Increase your speed
What shouldn't you do when going down a steep hill?
Coast in neutral or keep your foot on the clutch
When is the only time you are allowed to pass another vehicle?
When your lane is separated by a broken yellow line
What sign indicates that there is a roundabout ahead and how should you respond?
Slow down and prepare to yield to traffic
What should you do if you are in an intersection and hear the siren of an emergency vehicle?
Continue through the intersection, then drive to the right and stop
What indicates regulatory signs?
Vertical rectangular signs with black letters on a white background; regulate traffic
ex. speed limit and "do not pass" signs
What should you do when you come to a school or church bus that is stopped on any roadway to load or unload passengers?
Stop and remain stopped until all the people have cleared the roadway