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CELL CYCLE AND HEREDITY VOCAB
Terms in this set (40)
Part of mitosis or meiosis where chromosomes are divided causing the sister chromatids to move to opposite sides of the cell.
Chromosome that is not an allosome and shows up in pairs where the members have the same form.
Diseases caused by cell growth that is not regulated.
Occurrences in a cell that happen before its replication which makes two daughter cells.
When a parent cell separates into daughter cells.
Cell structure made of tubulin found in eukaryotic cells.
Structure made of DNA, RNA, and protein found in cells that holds genes, regulatory parts and nucleotides.
When alleles of a gene in a heterozygote are completely expressed which makes offspring with a phenotype that is not dominant or recessive.
Swapping of genetic material among homologous chromosomes that causes recombinant chromosomes.
Frequency between non-sister chromatids when they crossover in meiosis.
Family of protein kinases known for their contribution in regulating the cell cycle.
Process where the cytoplasm of a eukaryotic cell is split into two daughter cells.
Cell made up of two sets of chromosome, one from the mother and another from the father.
Gene which is expressed the phenotype which will be selected over a recessive gene.
The first generation, which is made up of offspring from a cross between certain genotypes, are crossed again to form the second generation.
Combination of gametes to begin the development of an organism.
Cell that comes together with another in organisms that reproduce sexually during fertilization.
Genetic makeup of a cell.
Cell that has just one set of chromosomes.
Organism that has two different alleles for a certain trait.
Organism who has two of the same alleles for the same trait.
Incomplete Dominance (7th grade def.)
Where one gene for a trait is not entirely dominant over the other gene.
Genes for a trait split away when gametes are made.
Two sets of chromosome that come together with one another during meiosis.
Interphase (7th grade def.)
Cell cycle phase where the cell prepares to divide.
Cell division needed for reproduction in eukaryotes.
Mitosis stage where chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell before being split into two daughter cells.
Cell cycle process where a cell splits into two identical daughter cells.
Where a nucleus divides, causing the segregation of the genome to different sides of a cell that is dividing.
An organism's observable traits.
Mitosis stage where the chromatin squeezes into chromosomes so that the chromatin becomes visible.
Having little phenotypic effect in a heterozygous condition with a different allele.
When genetic material is split apart and fused with other genetic material.
The creation of gametes from the genotype of two parents.
Chromosome in the genome that is used to determine of the sex of an organisms as well as other sex characteristics.
Expression of an allele that is derived from the chromosomal sex of the organism.
A cell that is helping to form the body of an organism.
Combination of two chromosomes during meiosis.
The combination of two entities to make one.
Last stage of meiosis and mitosis in a eukaryotic cell.
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