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process by which a single parent reproduces by itself to form 2 identical daughter cells
process by which chromosomes from two parents go into the genes of the daughter cells
threadlike structure within the nucleus containing the genetic information that is passed from one generation of cells to the next
granular material visible within the nucleus; consists of DNA tightly coiled around proteins
two daughter strands of a replicated chromosome joined at the middle by a centromere
stage the cell is in the longest; mitotic spindle forms, centrosomes migrate to opposite ends; chromatin coils into chromosomes; nuclear membrane disperses
material present in the cytoplasm of all eukaryotic cells, important during the cell division
cell cycle control system
a cyclically operating set of proteins that triggers and coordinates events in the eukaryotic cell cycle
an abnormal tissue mass that can spread into neighboring tissue and to other parts of the body; a cancerous tumor
cancer that originates in the coverings of the body, such as the skin or the lining of the intestinal tract
a type of cancer of the blood-forming tissues, characterized by an excessive production of white blood cells
a disorder where there are abnormal number of chromosomes due to failure of chromosome pairs to seperate
when homologous chromosomes are paired, and are crossed over; divides into 2 daughter cells with 1 set of chromosomes with 2 chromatids each
when sister chromatids of each chromosome seprate to form 4 cells, each with half as many chromosomes as parent. (which part)
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