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26 terms

Acid/Base & Fluid/Electrolytes

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Bicarbonate (HCO3-)
22-26mEq/L
Cl-
96-106mEq/L
Phosphate
2.4-4.4mg/dL
Poassium (K+)
3.5-5mEq/L
Magnesium (Mg+2)
1.5-2.5mEq/L
Na+
135-145mEq/L
TOTAL Ca+2
8.6-10.2mg/dL
IONIZED Ca
4.6-5.3mg/dL
Poor skin turgor may be caused by:
Fluid volume deficit
Cold, clammy skin may be caused by
sodium deficit
shift of plasma to interstitial fluid
Pitting edema may be caused by
fluid volume excess
flushed, dry skin
sodium excess
bounding pulse
fluid volume excess: shift of interstitial fluid to plasma
rapid, weak, thready pulse
Shift of plasma to interstitial fluid
sodium deficit
fluid volume deficit
weak, irregular, rapid pulse
Severe potassium deficit
weak, irregular, slow pulse
severe potassium excess
deep, rapid breathing
compensation for metabolic acidosis
shallow, slow, irregular breathing
compensation for metabolic alkalosis
moist crackles
fluid volume excess: shift of interstital fluid to plasma (think CHF)
restricted airway
Calcium deficit
Cramping of EXERCISED muslce
Calcium (Ca+2) deficit
Mg deficit
Alkalosis
carpal spasm (Trousseau's sign)
Ca+2 deficit
Mg deficit
alkalosis
flabby muscles
Potassium deficit
Positive Chvostek's sign
Ca+2 deficit
Mg deficit
alkalosis
Respiratory Acidosis
Always caused by a hypoventilation

pH<7.35
PaCO2>45
Respiratory Alkalosis
pH>7.45
PaCO2<35