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15 terms

Poetry vocab terms American Lit/Comp NHHS

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Figurative language
language employing figures of speech which is language not to be taken literally
Paradox
statement or situation containing apparently contradictory or incompatible elements
Irony
a situation or use of a language involving a discrepancy or incongruity
Verbal irony
what is meant is the opposite of what is said
Situational irony
an incongruity between what is appropriate or expected and what actually occurs
Dramatic irony
the author implies a different meaning from the speaker or character ( the reader knows more than the character)
Metaphor
a comparison between unlike things; may be named or implied
Simile
an explicit comparison between unlike things using like or as
Personification
human attributes given to non-humans
Symbol
something means more than what it is
Allegory
a narrative or description with a second meaning beneath the surface
Overstatement
a/k/a Hyperbole - exaggeration used for truth
Understatement
saying less than one means or with less force than required
Oxymoron
a compact paradox in two successive words
( see Paradox)
Metonymy
(Synecdoche)
one part or detail represents the whole