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AP Government Vocab List 3
Terms in this set (56)
A policy promoting cutbacks in the amount of federal regulation in specific areas of economic activity.
Compiled by the chief justice, the list of cases on review that he thinks may be appropriate for the Court to hear.
Dark Horse Candidate
An unexpected presidential nomination. Polk was one of the first dark horse candidate.
Article I, Section 8, of the Constitution, which allows Congress to make all laws that are "necessary and proper" to carry out the powers of the Constitution.
Relationships among interest groups, congressional committees and subcommittees, and the government agencies that share a common policy concern.
A government that divides the powers of government between the national government and state or provincial governments
A centralized governmental system in which ultimate governmental authority rests in the hands of the national or central government.
Public veto of free speech and assembly rights of groups by claiming that this group's demonstrations will result in violence
An organization of people sharing a common interest or goal that seeks to influence the making of public policy
A brief, usually an appellate brief, that utilizes economic, sociological, or other scientific and statistical evidence in addition to legal principle when presenting arguments in a case.
An important public position(such as the presidency) that allows this person to express beliefs and opinions to many people
Campaign Financing Reform
The political effort in the United States to change the involvement of money in politics, primarily in political campaigns
Federal grants for specific purposes, such as building an airport
A legal system based on custom and court rulings
A form of federalism in which states compete to attract businesses and jobs through the policies they adopt.
It emphasized that the federal government determined the needs of the states. The federal government worked extensively with the states to provide social services.
A system of government in which powers and policy assignments are shared between states and the national government.
A special joint committee appointed to reconcile differences when bills pass the two chambers of Congress in different forms.
De Jure Segregation
Racial segregation that occurs because of laws or administrative decisions by public agencies.
The relaxation of tension between the Soviet Union and United States that occurred in the 1970s.
Interest levels established by the Federal Reserve that affect the ability of the consumer to borrow money. Raising and lowering rates is used as a tool to combat inflation
A public policy such as Social Security that provides benefits to all groups in society.
A system of government in which both the states and the national government remain supreme within their own spheres, each responsible for some policies.
A claim for government funds that cannot be changed without violating the rights of the claimant.
A tax in which people pay an identical rate regardless of income
Regulations passed by Congress or issued by regulatory agencies to the states with federal funds to support them.
Programs that the Federal government requires States to implement without Federal funding.
A theory of government and politics contending that groups are so strong that government is weakened
Describes a Congress that succeeds in establishing itself as dominant in legislative and foreign policy
When a president is accused of trying to be too powerful
Laissez Faire Economics
Theory that opposes governmental interference in economic affairs beyond what is necessary to protect life and property.
Layer Cake Federalism
Federalism characterized by a national government exercising its power independently from state governments(dual federalism)
The displacement of the majority party by the minority party, usually during a critical election period
The course of action the government takes in response to an issue or problem
A characteristic of independent regulatory agencies that gives them judicial power to interpret regulations they create.
A characteristic of independent regulatory agencies that gives them legislative powers to issue regulations
A public policy that takes something away from one person or group and gives it to another person or group.
A tax whereby people with lower incomes pay a higher fraction of their income than people with higher incomes.
Second Treatise of Civil Government
Government based on consent of governed; individuals had natural rights (life, liberty, property); people had right to overthrow government
A fund created by Congress in 1980 to clean up hazardous waste sites. Money for the fund comes from taxing chemical products.
Program requiring welfare recipients to work in exchange for benefits
Power to Persuade
A president's ability to convince Congress, other political actors, and the public to cooperate with the administration's agenda.
Laws passed by state legislatures that are designed to protect reporters from being forced to reveal their news sources at court.
Campaign contributions unregulated by federal or state law, usually given to parties and party committees to help fund general party activities.
A network of groups within the American political system that exercise a great deal of control over specific policy areas
A statutory provision providing that a particular agency, benefit, or law will expire on a particular date, unless it is reauthorized by the legislature.
Consumers will then benefit from a greater supply of goods and services at lower prices; furthermore, the investment and expansion of businesses will increase the demand for employees.
The principle of a two-house legislature
God's or nature's law that defines right from wrong and is higher than human law.
Checks and Balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
Governance divided between the parties, especially when one holds the presidency and the other controls one or both houses of Congress.
A procedure by which voters can propose a law or a constitutional amendment.
A procedure for submitting to popular vote measures passed by the legislature or proposed amendments to a state constitution.
A procedure for submitting to popular vote the removal of officials from office before the end of their term.
The states' share of power rests upon the permission and permissiveness of the national government.
Marble Cake Federalism
All levels of government are involved in a variety of issues and programs rather than with fixed divisions between levels of government
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
AP Government Vocab List 1
AP Government Vocab List 2
AP Government Vocab List 4
AP Government Vocab Complete List
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