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33 terms

history of the western theater

STUDY
PLAY
Egyptian Theater
(4000 B.C. - 1000 B.C.)
Egyptian Theater
Plays held along the banks of the Nile, outdoors, during the day
Purpose was to instruct and entertain people about moral and
religious values- (there gods and goddesses)

Religious leaders were the playwrights ( someone who writes plays)
Greek Theater
(1000 B.C. - 500 B.C.)
First Greek dramatist
Thespis
Where the greek plays held?
Plays were held outside in amphitheaters or on the temple steps
When were greek plays held?
Plays were held in the daytime
Who were the actors?
All male casts - men and boys played all the female roles
What did the greeks wear for costumes?
Costumes were simple long, white robes
How did greek actors show emtion?
Actors wore masks to express emotions (happy and sad face masks)
What were the purpose of the greek plays?
Purpose was to instruct and entertain people about religious values
Who wrote the greek play
Religious leaders were the playwrights
What was the greek chorus?
. Play made use of a chorus - one or more actors who served as a
narrator to introduce scenes
Roman Theater
(500 B.C. - 500 A.D.)
What did the Roman theater do?
They copied the greeks
Medieval Theater
(1000 A.D. - 1500 A.D.)
troubadours
Wandering troupes of actors, jugglers, musicians, and minstrels (Singers) were called troubadours. They wandered around spreading
news and plays from town to town.
What religion did the Roman theater spread?
(Christianity)
The purpose of medieval plays
to instruct and entertain the
people about the Bible and to spread the news
When were the midieval plays held?
In the day time
What three play did the mideval people write
. Mystery plays
b. Miracle plays
c. Nativity plays
What kind of plays did they write during the second half of mideval times?
morality
Who was the main characture in mideval plays?
Everyman
Other characture in morality plays?
love, hate, sad, worry
Four firsts in the Medieval Theater
a. Common man was the main character
b. Common man wrote the plays
c. Plays were held indoors
d. Plays spread the news
Elizabethan Theater
(1500 - 1700)
dramatic conventions
something
generally accepted by the audience as being real/true
Four Firsts during the Elizabethan period
a. Sound effects, trap doors, balconies
b. Elaborate costumes -donated by Queen Elizabeth
1) doublets for men
2) gowns for women
c. Prizes were given for the best plays & playwrights
d. Theater was a money-making business
The Globe Theater
Shakespeare's theater, built in an octagon
Modern Theater
(1700 - present)
England
satire (making fun of political & social institutions)
Italy
opera
France
irony (saying one thing, but meaning another)
United States
motion pictures