Upgrade to remove ads
Students with Disabilities
This quizlet will help teachers and administrators understand the fundamental principles of educating students with disabilities.
Terms in this set (42)
The term exceptional children includes children who experience difficulties in learning as well as those whose performance is so superior that modifications in curriculum and instruction are necessary to help them fulfill their potential. Thus, exceptional children is an inclusive term that refers to children with learning and/or behavior problems, children with physical disabilities or sensory impairments, and children who are intellectually gifted or have a special talent. The term students with disabilities is more restrictive than exceptional children because it does not include gifted and talented children.
Classroom or private instruction involving techniques, exercises, and subject matter designed for students whose learning needs cannot be met by a standard school curriculum.
This means education that is individually developed to address a specific child's needs that result from his or her disability. Since each child is unique, it is difficult to give an overall example of special education. It is individualized for each child.
Least Restrictive Environment
Students with disabilities must be educated in the least restrictive environment-in other words, with students who are not disabled-to the maximum extent appropriate. Students with disabilities may only be removed from an educational settin with their general education peers when the instruction in the general educationcourses cannot be achieved satisfactorily.
Due Process Procedures
Under IDEA parents are entitled to due process, which ensures fairness of educational decisions. Due process occurs when a parent expresses complaints reguarding the child's evaluation, identification, or placement.
The IEP team includes the parents, one general education teacher, one district administrator, one special education teacher, others with expertise that are relevant to the student's needs, and in some cases the student.
Continuum of Alternative Placements
IDEA requires each public agency to ensure a continuum of alternative placements. The list of these alternative placements includes, but is not limited to, instruction in regular classes, special classes, special schools, instruction in hospitals and institutions, and instruction in the home. As these are listed, each is considered to be more restrictive than the one before it, with education in the regular class being the least restrictive of all.
a feder-funding law, and currently all states accept federal funding under IDEA. The Act covers students from aes 3-21. To be elgiable for services under IDEA, the student's disability should fall under one or more of the following categories:mental retardation, hearing impairments, speech or language impairment, visual impariment, serious emotional disturbance, orthodpedic impairments, autism, traumantic brain injury, other health impairments, or specific learning disability.
How are students with disabilities identified?
A parent, a state education agency, or a local education agency may request an evaluation of a child who is suspected of having a disability.
What is FAPE?
Free Appropriate Public Education, the definition of appropriate has been at issue in several court cases. FAPE does not need to maximize a student's learning potential; instead, a FAPE must merely provide a "basic floor of opportunity" for the student.
What is an IEP?
Individualized education program outlines how a student will receieve a FAPE. The IEP is designed to meet the unique needs of the child and outlineds the goals and objectives for the child.
may include questions in Braille, enlarged answer sheets, additional time, having tests read to students, or sign-language responses.
What are some procedural safeguards in place for parents under Due Process?
1) notification in writing of the referal; (2) ability to grant or deny permission to evaluate the students; (3) notification of IEP meetings (and the riht to be present); (4) participation in all decision making reguarding the child, with the exception of informal converstations between school officials; (5) bringing an advocate to meetings; and (6) the right to review all of the child's records.
How are students with disabilities disciplined?
Students with disabilities are disciplined in the same manner as students without disabilities, if there is no connection between their misconduct and the disability. However , if a student with a disability is suspended for more than 10 total, cumulative days during the school year, the IEP team and other relevany parties must conduct a manifestation determiniation to decide whether the student's disability is related to the misconduct.
What is a FBA?
Functional Behavioral assesments, which are created by the IEP team. Which develops educational programming that is related to supporting the student's behavioral problems.
What is a BIP?
Behavior intervention plan which should implement several strateies that would prevent the behavior at issue from reoccuring.
interim alternative educational setting. If students with disabilities brings a weapon to school, possesses illegal drugs at school, or inflicts serious bodily harm on another person at school; school officials may forego a manifestation determination and remove the student for up to 45 school days.
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act and Americans with Disabilities Act
To qualify for services under Section 504, the individual must be a person who has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activity, has a record of such impairmnet, and is regarded as having such impairment. A major life activity may include but is not limited to seeing, hearing, walking, and talking.
Do students under a 504 have accomodations?
Yes, reasonable accomodations to facilitate their participation in educational activities. Such accomodations consists of: Braille, a note taker, a sign-languae interpreter, or more time on an assignment.
Americans with Disabilities Act
was designed to eliminate discrimination based on disability. Specifically, this law protects those individuals who have a physical or mental impairmnet that substantially limits one or more major life activities, have a record of impairment, or are reguarded as having such impairment.
Are the suspension days for students recieving services under IDEA counted cumulatively or consecutlively?
The reulations suggest that 10 cumulative days would be considered a changge of placement. It is also important to note that after 10 cumulative days of suspension, educational sercvices would need to be procided to the child.
Must educational services be provided to students recieving services under IDEA if the suspension is 10 days or less?
No. When suspensions are less than 10 days, students are treated the same as general education students. If the suspension is more than 10 daysm educational sevices must be provided.
When must the IEP team convene to develop a behavioral intervention plan, if one has not already been completed?
Within 10 business days of any suspension that exceeds 10 cummulative days throughout the school year.
Must school officials administer prescription medication to a student?
Yes. School officials must provide related services. This related service of administering medication is more akin to a service provided by a nurese rather than a doctor. Thus, school officials are required to administer medication to students.
Could school officials require students with disabilities to take high-stakes tests?
Yes. If the student has been given adequate notice, appropriate curriculum, and necessary accomodations, a test may be administered. The student's IEP must describe the modifications to be made to enable students to participate in the testing. In several states, students with disabiliites who do not pass the high-stakes testing requirements are still granted certificates of completion.
What if the costs associated with the child's placement are considered too expensive by the school district?
The school must provide the most appropriate placement for the child without reguard to the cost. However, it is important to note that appropriate does not mean that school officials are required to maximize a student's potential.
What are the Foundations of Special Education Practices?
Diagnostic and prescriptive assessment
Data utilization in decision making and instruction
Least restrictive appropriate environment
Diagnostic and prescriptive assessment
By applying the principles of differential diagnosis, the professions can identify a student's particular learning problem(s) and provide information that can shape a successful learning program.
IDEA Provision: Individualized multidisciplinary assessment
Data utilization in decision making
Data gathered from individualized norm-referenced and criterion-referenced assessments, educational records, and teacher perspectives should be the basis for any educational decision about a student with a disability.
IDEA Provision: Eligibility decisions Response to Intervention
To be meaningful and useful, education must be tailored to the wants, needs, and aspirations of the learner.
IDEA Provisions: Individualized multidisciplinary assessment
Reasonable accommodations Individual Education Plan (IEP)
Parents are the earliest teachers of their children and should be involved in educational decision making and implementation.
IDEA Provisions: Due process of law
Educational programs for students with disabilities should be designed to meet their social, emotional, academic, and physical needs.
IDEA Provisions: Individualized multidisciplinary assessment
Individual Education Plan (IEP)
What is meant by Normalization?
Students with disabilities are worthy and deserving of access to the same opportunities and choices that typical students have.
IDEA Provisions: Access to general education
Participation in statewide assessments
Students with Academic Disabilities
Specific Learning Disabilities
Other Health Impairment
Autism Spectrum Disorder
Mild Intellectual Disabilities
Students with Sensory Disabilities
Students with Significant Disabilities
Traumatic Brain Injury
Moderate to Severe Intellectual Disabilities
If a parent requests year-round schoolin for a student recieving services under IDEA, must the school district provide it?
Summer school services need only by provided if it is demonstrated that it provides the student with a FAPE. For example, if no services during the summer led to substantial regression, the school district must provide services.
What law would teachers with disabilities rely upon?
Section 504 and the ADA would provide protections. In addition, states may have adopted laws providin protectios for employees as well. For example, a high school teacher with a mobility impairment should be employed if a reasonable accomodation can be made to enable performance of essential functions.
Are there state laws that impact students with disabilities?
Yes. States have enacted laws that oftentimes mirror and expand upon the requirements of IDEA.
Can you expel a student in special education?
Yes. If the student's conduct is not related to his or her disability, the student can be expelled. However, during the expulsion, the student must recieve educational services as provided by the IEP until age 21. Thus, students in special education cannot by expelled in the same manner as non-special education students (because the school district must continue educational services to the student in special education).
Can parents request that their children be removed from special education programs?
Yes. Parents can revoke consent for placement and remove their children from special education at any time without mediation or due process.
Must charter schools accept students with disabilities?
Yes. Charter schools must follow federal and state laws. As such, charter schools may not excluded students with disabilities.
Who is really responsible for implementing the IEP?
Everyone on the IEP team. However, the classroom teachers must ensure that it is implemented on a daily basis.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
IDEA vs Section 504
RIghts of Students with Disabilities
students with disabilities exam
Individuals with Disabilities
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Study Guide Chapter 1 EDU235
Exceptional Children - Chapter 1
Special Education terms
Special Education terms
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
NUR130 (Ch 4) Health Education and Promotion
Behavioral Exam 1
Wk. 5 Reading