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Terms in this set (21)
A political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
Governance according to the expressed preferences of the majority.
A principle of traditional democratic theory that guarantees rights to those who do not belong to majorities.
A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives
A form of government in which citizens choose their leaders by voting
(1215) a charter of liberties (freedoms) that King John "Lackland" of Englad was forced to sign; it made the king obey the same laws as the citizens of his kingdom
English materialist and political philosopher who advocated absolute sovereignty as the only kind of government that could resolve problems caused by the selfishness of human beings (1588-1679)
English empiricist philosopher who believed that all knowledge is derived from sensory experience (1632-1704)
French political philosopher who advocated the separation of executive and legislative and judicial powers (1689-1755)
(1712-1778) Believed that society threatened natural rights and freedoms. Wrote about society's corruption caused by the revival of sciences and art instead of it's improvement. He was sponsored by the wealthy and participated in salons but often felt uncomfortable and denounced them. Wrote "The Social Contract."
A voluntary agreement among individuals to secure their rights and welfare by creating a government and abiding by its rules.
First Continental Congress
Delagates from all colonies except georgia met to discuss problems with britain and to promote independence
Second Continental Congress
Convened in May 1775, the Congress opposed the drastic move toward complete independence from Britain. In an effort to reach a reconciliation, the Congress offered peace under the conditions that there be a cease-fire in Boston, that the Coercive Acts be repealed, and that negotiations begin immediately. King George III rejected the petition.
Declaration of Independence
Signed in 1776 by US revolutionaries; it declared the United States as a free state.
Articles of Confederation
1st Constitution of the U.S. 1781-1788 (weaknesses-no executive, no judicial, no power to tax, no power to regulate trade)
Meeting in 1787 of the elected representatives of the thirteen original states to write the Constitution of the United States.
Compromise made by Constitutional Convention in which states would have equal representation in one house of the legislature and representation based on population in the other house
New Jersey Plan
A constitutional proposal that would have given each state one vote in a new congress
"Large state" proposal for the new constitution, calling for proportional representation in both houses of a bicameral Congress. The plan favored larger states and thus prompted smaller states to come back with their own plan for apportioning representation.
Federalists and Anti-Federalists
Anti-Federalists wanted states' rights, bill of rights, unanimous consent, reference to religion, more power to less-rich and common people; Federalists wanted strong central government, more power to experienced, separation of church and state, stated that national government would protect individual rights
A collection of 85 articles written by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison under the name "Publius" to defend the Constitution in detail.
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