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Politics of the United States
Government, Chapter 14 questions
Terms in this set (40)
Which of the following best describes the presidency as it was established by the Framers of the Constitution?
a strong, independent, co-equal chief executive
Which of the following is NOT why presidential power has grown?
The Constitution has been amended to grant the President more power
How can the Supreme Court check the growth of presidential power?
It can rule that actions by the President are unconstitutional.
How does Article II describe presidential powers?
It offers a broad outline.
Why has presidential power grown over the past 200 years?
The federal government now plays a larger role in many areas.
Which is a reason why a President might want more power?
to take action for the nation in times of trouble
An "imperial" president is one who
sees no need to consult Congress before acting.
Which is a power of the President as commander in chief?
the power to send troops anywhere in the world if the United States is in danger
How can Congress prevent the President from becoming too powerful?
It can enact laws limiting presidential powers.
How has the mass media affected presidential power?
It has increased presidential power by helping Presidents build support for their policies
The President's power to execute the law comes from
the oath of office and the "take care" provision of the Constitution.
The Constitution requires the President to execute
all federal laws.
The power to issue executive orders is called
the ordinance power
Which federal workers does the President appoint?
top-ranking officers like ambassadors, Cabinet members, and federal judges
The unwritten rule of senatorial courtesy places limits on which presidential power?
the appointment power
What does the Constitution say about the President's removal power?
It says nothing about how appointed officials may be dismissed
With the exception of federal judges, what is true about the President's removal power?
The President may remove whomever he appoints.
What is the correct sequence of steps in the confirmation process?
President nominates; Senate committee examines; Senate debates; floor vote is taken.
Which process is used to select more than half of federal civilian workers?
Civil Service examination
The Supreme Court has ruled that executive privilege
may be claimed in matters involving national security.
In what way is a treaty different from an executive agreement?
Unlike executive agreements, treaties require Senate approval.
If a treaty and an act of Congress conflict, which always has priority?
the act of Congress
When a new President takes office, which of the following may he or she refuse to honor?
an executive agreement made by the previous administration
What does it mean when the President asks a foreign nation to remove its ambassador from the United States?
The United States does not like the conduct of the other nation.
The President may exercise the power of recognition by
exchanging diplomats with a new nation.
What does it mean when the President greets a foreign leader?
The United States accepts the legal existence of another country.
Who has the final authority over all military matters?
The War Powers Resolution was passed in order to
check the President's war powers.
What must the President do after sending troops to fight in a foreign country?
report to Congress in writing
The War Powers Resolution authorizes the President to commit military forces to combat in all of the following circumstances EXCEPT
when the nation's interests are threatened.
What message of the President is prescribed by the Constitution?
The State of the Union message
What action can Congress take to check the power of a presidential veto of a bill?
Override the veto
The presidential veto is a powerful tool because
a two-thirds vote in both houses is needed to override it.
The President does not act on a bill within 10 days of receiving it. If Congress has not adjourned, what happens to the bill?
It becomes law
In order for the President to have the power of a line-item veto, what must happen?
The Constitution must be amended.
Which of the following is an argument for the line-item veto?
It would reduce wasteful and unnecessary spending.
Where does the President get the power to grant reprieves and pardons for offenses against the United States?
The President's power to grant pardons may be used
only in cases involving federal offenses
Who may overturn a presidential pardon?
Which of the following powers allows the President to check actions of the judicial branch?
The clemency powers
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