questionIn 2015, Keenan Company paid dividends totaling $3,600,000 on net income of$10.8 million. Note that 2015 was a normal year and that for the past 10 years, earnings have grown at a constant rate of 10%. However, in 2016, earnings are expected to jump to $14.4 million and the firm expects to have profitable investment opportunities of$8.4 million. It is predicted that Keenan will not be able to maintain the 2016 level of earnings growth because the high 2016 earnings level is attributable to an exceptionally profitable new product line introduced that year. After 2016, the company will return to its previous 10% growth rate. Keenan’s target capital structure is 40% debt and 60% equity.
a. Calculate Keenan’s total dividends for 2016 assuming that it follows each of the following policies:
1. Its 2016 dividend payment is set to force dividends to grow at the long-run growth rate in earnings.
2. It continues the 2015 dividend payout ratio.
3. It uses a pure residual dividend policy (40% of the $8.4 million investment is financed with debt and 60% with common equity).
4. It employs a regular-dividend-plus-extras policy, with the regular dividend being based on the long-run growth rate and the extra dividend being set according to the residual dividend policy.
b. Which of the preceding policies would you recommend? Restrict your choices to the ones listed but justify your answer.
c. Assume that investors expect Keenan to pay total dividends of$9,000,000 in 2016 and to have the dividend grow at 10% after 2016. The stock’s total market value is $180 million. What is the company’s cost of equity?
d. What is Keenan’s long-run average return on equity? [Hint: g=Retention rate$\times$ROE=(1.0-Payout rate)(ROE)]
e. Does a 2016 dividend of$9,000,000 seem reasonable in view of your answers to parts c questionFisher-Gardner Corporation (FGC) began operations 5 years ago as a small firm serving customers in the Chicago area. However, its reputation and market area grew quickly. Today FGC has customers all over the United States. Despite its broad customer base, FGC has maintained its headquarters in Chicago, and it keeps its central billing system there. On average, it takes 7 days from the time customers mail in payments until FGC can receive, process, and deposit them. FGC would like to set up a lockbox collection system, which it estimates would reduce the time lag from customer mailing to deposit by 2 days—bringing it down to 5 days. FGC receives an average of $2,300,000 in payments per day. a. How much free cash would FGC generate if it implemented the lockbox system? Would this be a one-time cash flow or a recurring one, assuming the company ceases to grow? How would growth affect your answer? b. If FGC has an opportunity cost of 6%, how much is the lockbox system worth on an annual basis? c. What is the maximum monthly charge FGC should pay for the lockbox system? questionAssume that it is now January 1, 2017. Wayne-Martin Electric Inc. (WME) has developed a solar panel capable of generating 200% more electricity than any other solar panel currently on the market. As a result, WME is expected to experience a 15% annual growth rate for the next 5 years. Other firms will have developed comparable technology by the end of 5 years, and WME’s growth rate will slow to 5% per year indefinitely. Stockholders require a return of 12% on WME’s stock. The most recent annual dividend $\left(\mathrm{D}_{0}\right)$, which was paid yesterday, was $1.75 per share. a. Calculate WME’s expected dividends for 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, and 2021. b. Calculate the value of the stock today,$$\hat{\mathrm{P}}$_{0}$. Proceed by finding the present value of the dividends expected at the end of 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, and 2021 plus the present value of the stock price that should exist at the end of 2021. The year end 2021 stock price can be found by using the constant growth equation. Notice that to find the December 31, 2021, price, you must use the dividend expected in 2022, which is 5% greater than the 2021 dividend. c. Calculate the expected dividend yield$\left($\mathrm{D}$_{1} / $\mathrm{P}$_{0}\right)$, capital gains yield, and total return (dividend yield plus capital gains yield) expected for 2017. (Assume that$$\hat{\mathrm{P}}$_{0}=$\mathrm{P}$_{0}$ and recognize that the capital gains yield is equal to the total return minus the dividend yield.) Then calculate these same three yields for 2022. d. How might an investor’s tax situation affect his or her decision to purchase stocks of companies in the early stages of their lives, when they are growing rapidly, versus stocks of older, more mature firms? When does WME’s stock become “mature” for purposes of this question? e. Suppose your boss tells you she believes that WME’s annual growth rate will be only 12% during the next 5 years and that the firm’s long-run growth rate will be only 4%. Without doing any calculations, what general effect would these growth rate changes have on the price of WME’s stock? f. Suppose your boss also tells you that she regardsWME as being quite risky and that she believes the required rate of return should be 14%, not 12%. Without doing any calculations, determine how the higher required rate of return would affect the price of the stock, the capital gains yield, and the dividend yield. Again, assume that the long-run growth rate is 4%.