27 terms

civics-buras-chapter 12

When does the Supreme Court meet?
How many Supreme Court justices are there?
oral arguments
the presentations that lawyers make before the Supreme Court justices
when the justices meet among themselves to discuss the cases before deciding the outcome
law clerk
a person who does most of the legal research for a Supreme Court justice
a piece of paper that says 'send out the information'
1. it must raise an important constitutional question
2. it must raise an important legal question
2 reasons justices take cases
affirmative action
a government policy meant to make up for past discrimination of women and minorities
4 (rule of four)
how many justices must agree to take a case?
a writ of certiorari, which directs a lower court to send up the records of a case
a document that describes the legal arguments in favor of a lawyer's side
amicus curiae brief
a brief filed by a person not directly involved in a case; friend of the court
swing vote
the fifth and deciding vote
a document stating the legal reasoning behind a decision
a philosophy
court packing
to appoint justices who will vote in favor of the president
a person who has been nominated to fill a vacant position
struck down
declared unconstitutional
civil liberties
a person's protection against abuse by government
30 minutes
how long do lawyers get in oral arguments?
1. John Roberts
2. Antonin Scalia
3. Anthony Kennedy
4. Clarence Thomas
5. Ruth Bader Ginsburg
6. Stephen Breyer
7. Samuel Altio
8. Sonia Sotomayor
9. Elena Kagen
who are the 9 Supreme Court justices?
John Roberts
who is the chief justice?
Clarence Thomas
who is the only African American Supreme Court member?
Sandra Day O'Connor
first woman to be on the Supreme Court
Thurgood Marshall
first African American on the Supreme Court
love of knowledge