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EENT part 2
Terms in this set (59)
What is the most common viral disorder causing parotitis?
This is considered an acute viral inflammatory disease
What are the most common bacterial cultures from purulent saliva in cases of acute suppurative sialadenitis
Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Escherichia coli, and Haemophilus influenzae
Sarcoidosis and syphilis are common examples of what diagnosis
Chronic granulomatous sialadenitis
Where do the majority (80-90%) of salivary calculi collect causing sialolithiasis?
What is the most accurate imaging method to diagnose Sialolithiasis?
Where do most benign neoplastic diseases occur?
What is the most common salivary gland to be affected with a malignant neoplasm?
The parotid gland
What malignant carcinoma is most common in the parotid gland?
Which side is the cleft lip more common on?
The Left side
RIght sided cleft lips are more commonly associated with ______________?
Children with cleft lip/palate are are increased risk for developing what condition?
Serous otitis media
What procedure do almost all children with clefts require?
What is the most common bacterial organism related to Adenotonsillar disease?
Group A beta-hemolytic Streptococcus
What is the most common viral infection of the Nose and throat (viral rhinitis)?
Fungal infections of the mouth and throat are more common in what populations?
HIV patients and patients that use steroid inhalers
What is the most common bacterial infection that leads to pharyngotonsillitis?
Acute Streptococcal Pharyngotonsillitis
What are the most common primary tonsillar neoplasms?
lymphoma and squamous cell carcinoma
What are some carcinomas that are more commonly associated with metastasis to the tonsils?
Melanoma, renal cell, lung, breast, gastric, and colon carcinoma
What are the most common organisms associated with deep neck space infections?
Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, and Bacteroides melaninogenicus
What is the origin of most cancers of the oropharynx?
What is the most important element in the evaluation of a neck mass?
Age of the patient
What are most pediatric neck masses? How do they resolve?
Inflammatory or congential
Resolve spontaneously or after appropriate medical tx
What is the most common cause of cervical adenopathy in children?
Reactive viral lymphadenopathy
The most common viral agents of reactive viral lymphadenopathy include...?
adenovirus, rhinovirus, and enterovirus
What are the most common benign soft tissue neoplasms?
What is the most common malignant neoplasm in the neck?
Cervical metastasis from a primary tumor in the upper aerodigetive tract
What is a common problem associated with unknown primary squamous cell carcinoma?
Determining the site of the primary tumor
What are benign laryngeal lesions most present with?
What condition is the most common cause of persistent dysphonia in children?
Vocal cord nodules
Where are vocal cord nodules most commonly found?
The junction of anterior 3rd and posterior 2/3 of vocal cords
What condition is most commonly found in men with a hx of voice abuse and heavy smoking?
Vocal cord polyps
What condition ost more prevalent in the 6th and 7th decades of life and among lower socioeconomic groups?
Malignant laryngeal lesions
>90% of larynx cancer is _________, this is directly linked to tobacco and excessive alcohol use
Squamous cell cancer
What is the most common type of salivary gland cancer?
What is the most common organism assoicated with fungal infections of the throat?
(Idk if we need to know this one)
Candida, Histoplasma, and Aspergillus
Most vocal cord nodules, polyps, and Reinke edema arise as a result of ____?
(Idk if we need to know this one)
repetitive trauma to the vocal cords & are associated with a local inflammatory response
What is the most common congenital CNS abnormality resulting in vocal cord palsy?
What are the common cardiovascular abnormalities that can be an etiology of acquired vocal cord paralysis?
-tetralogy of Fallot
-patent ductus arteriosus
What is the most common neoplasm of the larynx in children, generally between ages 2-5?
Post intubation injury to the trachea represents the most common cause of what condition?
benign tracheal stenosis
What are the 2 most common primary tracheal neoplasms?
squamous cell carcinoma or adenoid cystic carcinoma
What is the most commonly encountered neck space infection?
What are the common organisms assoicated with Ludwig angina?
streptococci, staphylococci, bacteroides, and fusobacterium
Secondary tracheal neoplasms most commonly occur as a result of what?
(idk if we need this one)
direct invasion from adjacent organs
Where do seconary tracheal neoplasms most commonly metastasize from?
Thyroid, esophagus or bronchogenic tumors
What are the different congenical anomalies of the nose and which one is most common?
nasal dermoid cysts (most common)
What is considered the most common of head and neck fractures?
In men, nasal fractures are most commonly associated with what type of trauma? What age range are the most common?
Which type of nasal injuries are more common? (Lateral, Frontal, Posterior?)
Lateral nasal injuries
What is a type I Le Fort classification described as?
injury involves separation of the maxillary process from the maxilla itself, with extension to the maxillary sinuses
What is a type II Le Fort classification described as?
In association with fracture of nasal bones extending through lacrimal bone toward and through zygomaticomaxillary junction.
In addition, the fracture extends posteriorly just below the zygoma and along the superior borders of the pterygoid plates
What is a type III Le Fort classification described as?
injury is also associated w/ nasal fracture, but courses posteriorly through ethmoid bones and laterally through orbits below optic foramen and through pterygomaxillary suture into sphenopalatine fossa
What condition is a common autosomal recessive genetic disorder that occurs in 1 in 2000 live births?
What are the most common organisms that are responsible for acute sinutisis (acute bacterial rhinosinusitis)?
Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis
What sinus is most commonly affected by acute sinusitis?
What are the most common organisms that cause Chronic sinusitis?
(Idk if this will be on the test)
Staphylococcus aureus, anaerobes, and gram-negative enterics such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Nasal polyps are associated with patients that have a sensitivity to what medication?
What is the most common site in the nose where epistaxis occurs?
Anterior aspect of Kiesselbach's plexus
What is the most common malignant neoplasm of the nose and paranasal sinuses?
(This is on a couple of slides)
Squamous cell carcinoma
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