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152 terms

Medical Terminology #3

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adip/o
lip/o
steat/o
fat
lipocyte
fat cell
-cyte
cell
steatitis
inflammation of fatty tissue
-itis
inflammation
cutane/o
dermat/o
derm/o
skin
cutaneous
pertaining to the skin
-ous
pertaining to
dermatologist
physician specializing in treating skin disorders
hypodermic
under or inserted under the skin, as in a hypodermic deficient
hidr/o
sudor/o
sweat
hidradenitis
inflammation of a sweat gland
aden
gland
-itis
inflammation
sudoresis
condition of profuse sweating also called diaphornesis and hyperhidrosis
-esis
condition
ichthy/o
dry,scaly
ichthyosis
any of several dermatologic conditions characterized by noninflammatory dryness and scaling of the skin, commonly associated with other abnormalities of lipid metabolism
-osis
abnormal condition increase (used primarily with blood cells)
kerat/o
horny tissue; hard;cornea
keratosis
any condition of the skin characterized by an overgrowth and thickening of skin
melan/o
black
melanoma
malignant tumor of melanocytes that commonly begins in a darkly pigmented mole and can metastasize widely
-oma
tumor
myc/o
fungus (plural fungi)
dermatomycosis
fungal infection of the skin
dermat/o
skin
onych/o
nail
onychomalacia
abnormal softening of the nails
-malacia
softening
pil/o
trich/o
hair
pilonidal
growth of hair in a dermoid cyst or in a sinus opening on the skin
nid
nest
-al
pertaining to
trichopathy
any disease of the hair
-pathy
disease
scler/o
hardening;sclera (white of eye)
scleroderma
chronic disease with abnormal hardening of the skin caused by formation of new collagen
-derma
skin
seb/o
sebum.sebaceous
seborrhea
increase in the amount and commonly, an alteration of the quality of the fats secreted by the sebaceous glands
-rrhea
discharge, flow
squam/o
scale
squamous
covered with scales; scalelike
-ous
pertaining to
xer/o
dry
xeroderma
chronic skin condition characterized by excessive roughness and dryness
-derma
skin
pyoderma
any pyogenic infection of the skin
py/o
pus
-oid
resembling
dermoid
resembling skin
derm
skin
-phoresis
carrying, transmission
diaiphoresis
condition of profuse sweating, also called sudoresis and hyperhidrosis
dia-
through across
-plasty
surgical repair
dermatoplasty
surgical repair of the skin
dermat/o
skin
-therapy
treatment
cryotherapy
treatment using cold as a destructive medium
cry/o
cold
albin/o
white
cyan/o
blue
erythr/o
red
leuk/o
white
melan/o
black
xanth/o
yellow
xanthoma
yellow tumor
melanoderma
black skin
leukoderma
white skin
erythroderma
red skin
cyanoderma
blue skin
albinism
white condition
abrasion
scraping of rubbing away of a surface, such as skin, by friction
abscess
localized collection of pus at the site of an infection (characteristically a staphylococcal infection)
furuncle
abscess that originates in a hair follicle; also called boil
carbuncle
cluster of furuncles in the subcutaneous tissue
acne
inflammatory disease of sebacceous follicles of the skin, marked by comedos (blackheads),papules, and pustules
alopecia
absence or loss of hair, especially of the head; known as baldness
comedo
discolored, dried sebum plugging an excretory duct of the skin; also called blackhead
cyst
closed sac or pouch in or under the skin with a definite wall that contains fluid, semifluid, or solid material
sebaceous
a cyst filled with sebum (fatty material) from a sebaceous gland
eczema
redness of the skin caused by swelling of the capillaries
hemorrhage
loss of large amount of blood in a short period, externally or internally
contusion
hemorrhage of any size under the skin in which the skin is not broken; also known as a bruise
ecchymosis
skin discoloration consisting of a large irregularly formed meorrhagic area with colors changing from blue-black to greenish brown or yellow; commonly called a bruise
petechia
minute pinpoint hemorrhagic spot of the skin
hematoma
elevated, localized collection of blood trapped under the skin that usually results from trauma
hirsutism
condition characterized by excessive growth of hair or presence of hair in unusual places, especially in women
impetigo
bacterial skin infection characterized by isolated pustules that become crusted and rupture
psoriasis
chronic skin disease characterized by itchy red patches covered with silvery scales
scabies
contagious skin disease transmitted by the itch mite
skin lesions
areas of pathologically altered tissue caused by disease, injury, or a wound due to external factors or internal disease
primary lesions
`initial reaction to pathologically altered tissue that may be flat or elevated
secondary lesions
result from the changes that take place in the primary lesion due to infection,scratching,trauma, or various stages of a disease
tinea
fungal infection whose name commonly indicates the body part affected; also called ringworm
ulcer
lesion of the skin or mucous membrane marked by inflammation, necrosis, and sloughing of damaged tissues
pressure ulcer
skin ulceration caused by prolonged pressure, usually in a person who is bedridden; also known as decubitus ulcer or bedsore
urticaria
allergic reaction of the skin characterized by eruption of pale-red elevated patches that are intensely itchy; also called wheals or hives
verruca
rounded epidermal growths caused by a virus; also called wart
vitiligo
localized loss of skin pigmentation characterized by milk-white patches; also called leukoderma
biopsy
removal of a small piece of living tissue from an organ or other part of the body for microscopic examination to confirm or establish a diagnosis, estimate prognosis, or follow the course of a disease
skin test
method for determining induced sensitivity (allergy) by applying or inoculating a suspected allergen or sensitizer into the skin and determining sensitivity (allergy) to the specific antigen by an inflammatory skin reaction to it
cryosurgery
use of subfreezing temperature, commonly with liquid nitrogen to destroy abnormal tissue cells, such as unwanted cancerous or infected tissue
debridement
treatment that involves removal of foreign material and dead or damaged tissue; especially in a wound, and is used to promote healing and prevent infection
electrodessication
process in which high-frequency electrical sparks are used to dehydrate and destroy diseased tissue
incision and drainage
incision of a lesion such as an abscess followed by the drainage of its contents
skin graft
surigical procedure to transplant healthy tissue by applying it to an injured site
allograft
transplantation of healthy tissue from one site to another site in the same individual
autograft
transplantation of artificial skin produced from collagen fibers arranged in a lattice pattern
synthetic
transplantation of artificial skin produced from collagen fibers arranged ina lattice pattern
xenograft
transplantation (dermis only) from a foreign donor (usually pig) and transferred to a human; also called heterograft
skin resufacing
procedure that repairs damaged skin. acne scars, fine or deep wrinkles, or tattoos or improves skin tone irrgularities through the use of topical chemicals, abrasion, or laser
chemical peel
use of chemicals to remove outer layers of skin to treat acne scarring and general keratoses as well as cosmetic purposes to remove fine wrinkles on the face; also called chemabrasion
cuntaneous laser
any of several laser treatments employed for cosmetic and plactic surgery
cutane
skin
dermabrasion
removal of acne scars, nevi, tattoos, or fine wrinkles on the skin through the use of sandpaper, wire brushes, or other abrasive materials on the epidermal layer
auto-
self own
epi-
above on
hypo-
under below deficient
epi
above on
sub-
under below
circumscribed
Bounded by a line; limited or confined
lesion
1. A wound or injury.2. A pathologic change in the tissues.3. One of the individual points or patches of a multifocal disease
melanoma
malignant tumor of melanocytes that commonly begins in a darkly pigmented mole and can metastasize widely
nevus
1. A circumscribed malformation of the skin, especially if colored by hyperpigmentation or increased vascularity; a nevus may be predominantly epidermal, adnexal, melanocytic, vascular, or mesodermal, or a compound overgrowth of these tissues.
2. A benign localized overgrowth of melanin-forming cells of the skin present at birth or appearing early in life.
trauma
An injury, physical or mental
vermilion border
the junction between the skin aspect of the lip and the vermilion zone
vulgaris
Ordinary; of the usual type
syncope
Loss of consciousness and postural tone caused by diminished cerebral blood flow
sclerosed
...
psoriasis
A common multifactorial inherited condition characterized by the eruption of circumscribed, discrete and confluent, reddish, silvery-scaled maculopapules; the lesions occur predominantly on the elbows, knees, scalp, and trunk, and microscopically show characteristic parakeratosis and elongation of rete ridges with shortening of epidermal keratinocyte transit time due to decreased cyclic guanosine monophosphate.
histiocytoma
A tumor composed of histiocytes.
FH
Family History
colitis
Inflammation of the colon.
AIDS
acquired immune deficiency syndrome
BCC
basal cell carcinoma
Bx, bx
biopsy
cm
centimeter (1/100 of a meter
Derm
dermatology
FH
family history
FS
frozen section
I&D
incision and drainage; irrigation and debridement
ID
intrdermal
IM
intramusclar
IMP
impression (synonymous with diagnosis)
PE
physical examination
subcu,Sub-Q, subQ
subcutaneous (injection)
ung
ointment
WBC
white blood cell; white blood count
XP, XDP
xeroderma pigmentosum