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Terms in this set (10)

2nd Wave Feminism:
Focused on social and economic equality (as opposed to 1st wave focus on political and legal equality)
European feminists less organized than American
Both European and American focused on women controlling their lives
Simone de Beauvoir (French), The Second Sex
Women as "the other" is the reason for female oppression
Society sees men as the ideal
To become equal women must set aside their own perceptions that male is "normal" and female is a deviation from the norm (discuss this concept as applies to Winter Park Wildcats vs. Lady Wildcats)
Betty Friedan (American), The Feminine Mystique
Examined life of middle class women
Women with talent, but no outlet outside of taking care of house, husband, children
Women denied equality
Later founded National Organization for Women (NOW)
Role of Contraception and Abortion
To control their lives women must control their bodies
Modern contraception, esp. "The Pill" (1960), allowed women to chose when, or if, to have children
Abortion debate
Legal in Europe (except Ireland)
Western vs. Eastern Europe (more easily available in Communist countries, sometimes used in place of contraception; issue after fall of Communism)

Immediate Post-War Period (1945 - late 1950s):
At first a return to traditional roles
Women removed from workforce to make room for returning soldiers
Birthrate went up - "baby boom"
By late 1950s birthrate began to decline

New Work Patterns:
By 1960s trend toward more married women in workforce (middle and working class)
Consumer conveniences and improvements in healthcare, plus welfare state benefits = reduced demand of childcare on women's time
Childcare, however, still a major concern
New Pattern single women work after schooling, continue after marriage, stop to care for younger children, return to work
Why New Pattern?
Longer life
Fewer children
Shared responsibilities
Child bearing in later life

Women still paid less than men
Britain 60% less
France 50% less
West Germany 63% less