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Terms in this set (76)
differs from athletics or other daily activities because it focuses primarily on "an aesthetic or even entertaining experience
reasons why people still dance
1. to please Gods
2. to please others
3. self- expression
4. to build community within an ethnic group or social
periods of dance
2. Ancient Egypt
3. Ancient Rome
religious rituals, social expression, worship, courtship/mating, first use of dance is gesture to communicate, people hoped for powers of their own
Kraus and Gaufman (1981)
" man danced originally to supplicate the Gods on all important occasions of life".
dance became full blown, recorded,was taught as an aid to military education among the boys of Athens and Sparta., commonly used in education, was not just for religious and military training but also a form of entertainment.
2 kinds of dance accdg to plato
NOBLE(fine and honorable), IGNOBLE(ugly)
gave less importance to dance, ceased by romans, Dance became brutal and sensationalized as their entertainers were slaves and captives from many nationalities
Church was the sole custodian of learning, morals and education, still existed and was performed within the Church during religious ceremonies, theatrical entertainment was prohibited when christian emperors came
Marked the beginning of Social Dancing, Christian fathers approved the used of dance, provided that its form and intent were holy and profound
round dance and couple dance
2 basic types of dance the peasants dance in renaissance period
dancers hold each other by hand, forming a long chain and move about in an open or closed circle, or in an extended line
was not as popular as round dance as it was considered scandalous when first seen.
have large movements and wide stepping figures this is also because or the nature of their clothing.
• Noblemen's and women's dance steps
were limited to gliding, curtseying and posing because of
Benefits of Dance and Creative Movement
elements of dance
This is the area the performers occupy and where they move (direction, size, level, focus)
may be executed in varying tempo (speed). Performers move with the tempo of an underlying sound, known as BEAT or PULSE
The movements here propelled by energy or force. A force can either initiate or stop an action.
six qualities of dance energies
Movements are done smoothly, continuously, and with flow and control. It does not have a clear beginning and ending
Movements are explosive or sharp in contrast with sustained movements. They are accented with thrust energy. They clear beginning and ending.
Movements consist of trembling or shaking. A faster version of percussive movements that produce a jittery effect
Movements trace a curved line or an arc in space.
Movements are perched in space or hanging on air.
Movements are released in tension and gradually or abruptly giving in to gravity, letting the body descend to the floor
It refers to how the is molded in space or the configuration of body parts
symmetrical and asymmetrical
two kinds of bodily shape
Displays a significant meaning or conveys a message. Sometimes, it also portrays life experiences; lifts and transports the audience form their seats during the performance
the instrument by which ideas and elements are arranged or combined into a logical sequence which results in unity and consistency, and by means of which the content or idea can be expressed and communicated.
the smallest unit of form in the whole dance. Commonly, a single phrase consists of eight counts.
A good dance dance contains a ____ to be able to convey its meaning or intention to the audience
2. Continuity and Development
3. Variety and Contrast
Characteristics of a Good Dance
1. sequential forms
2. contrapuntal forms
3. episodic forms
4. other compositional forms
a. Natural structures
Choreographic Forms in Dance
These forms contain a motif/theme which progresses in a specific order. They are arranged accordingly.
(AB, ABA, Rondo form (ABACA), Theme and variations form)
Here, several themes are woven together in choreography to form a complex structure.
(ground bass, Round or Canon, Fugue or Accumulation, suite)
are not musical forms; instead, they are found in literature. They tell a story through connected and progressive sections called episodes.
Mostly come from natural structures such as the seasons, life, cycles, and everyday life experiences
consists of "a series of movement phrases that are often unrelated but have been brought together to create a single dance with a beginning, a middle, and an end.
Different movement phrases are performed by different dancers simultaneously in the same space
The movement phrases are performed in random order and spatial placing
They will evaluate a part of an ongoing process of developing a personal style which is both spontaneous and organized
They will evaluate according to the specific demands that the performance places on them
They will evaluate according to the particular context of the dance
Stages in Assessing a Dance (Dance Critique)
Involves close observation of all the elements, characteristics, and components of dance as described in the previous sections of this worktext.
Involves an appreciation of the ideas, content, images, and style contained within the dance
Takes into consideration how effectively the features (i.e., elements, characteristics) and the context of the dance have been utilized in the actual performance of the dancers to portray the content and the quality of the dance
an art of rhythmic bodily movements that projects ordered sequence moving visual patterns of line, solid shape, and color.
are the indigenous dances of any specific "folk" or the common people.
Dances that depict ceremonies. Examples are Dugso (Bukidnon) and Pagdidiwata (Palawan)
Dances relating to the cycle of human life such as birthing, courtship, wedding, and funeral. Examples are Binasuan (Pangasinan) and Daling-daling (muslim courtship dance from Sulu)
Dances that exhibit work and occupation of the dancers. Examples are Mag-Asik (Cotabato) and Mananagat (Cebu) dances
may be classified by the geographical extent of origin, nature, speed of movement, formation, and distinguishing feature.
Tribal Dances from the Cordilleras
Include non-Christian dances from the Cordilleras
Lowland Christian Dances
Dances coming from places with Western influences such as that of the Tagalogs, Ilokanos, etc. These dances are influenced by Hispanic and European cultures.
Dances from the people of the Southern Islands of the Philippines such as in Mindanao and Sulu. These dances are influenced by Arabic and Indo-Malayan cultures.
Dances that are either either religious or secular and are connected with the celebration of recurring events of special significance
Derivations from local folk games
Joke and Trickster Dances
Include jokes or tricks played by a dancer on another or a group of dancers who is one of them
Mimetic or Drama dance
Dances that mimic animals, inanimate objects, or other people
Dances that express feud and enmity wherein two male dancers engage in physical combat with Spartan-like intensity
social amenities dances
Dances that express social graces, hospitality, and offerings of gifts to friends.
Ritual and Ceremonial dances
Dances performed as part of the rituals and ceremonies of a certain tribe or group of people
was taken from the Italian word BALLERE, meaning to dance and BALIO, referring to dances performed in a ballroom
is known for its exactness of technique that highlights pointed toes and turnouts, high extensions and gracefulness (Velardi, 2012).
Contemporary or Modern Ballet
mainly uses ballet steps and more natural movement to convey meaning (Castle, 1998).
1. Warm up
2. Barre Exercises
3. Center Work Exercises
4. Corner drills (grand allegro
Composition of a Ballet Class
Basic Exercises performed in the Barre
To bend or fold the knees. The fluid rise and fall gently warms the leg muscles and the hip sockets.
Means "unfold." This exercise helps with the slow work (adage) and balance. It should be slow and controlled and may need a lot of practice.
In French, it means 'disengaged.'
It is a big kick. In French, it means "large beating." This is designed to loosen the hips and hamstrings by throwing the leg as high as possible into the air
It means stretched beating
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