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MTEL Foundations of Reading
Terms in this set (22)
A beginning level ELL can consistently blend individual phonemes to make simple english words composed of two or three phonemes but is having difficulty blending the sounds of familiar single-syllable words composed of four phonemes (e.g. clip, trap, spin). Which of the following questions would be most important for the first-grade teacher to consider when addressing the needs of this student.
Are the target words in the student's oral vocabulary in English?
A preschool child draws a stick figure and makes some unintelligible scribbles around it. When she shows it to her teacher, she points to the scribbles and says "this says 'I love mommy" this behavior suggests that the child is most likely:
Has grasped the idea that the function of print is distinct from that of pictures
A kindergarten teacher hangs labels on key objects in the classroom, puts up posters that include words and captions, and always has a big book on display for the children's use. This kind of classroom environment is most likely to help promote children's
Development of automaticity in word recognition
A kindergarten teacher wants to promote student's understanding of the alphabetic principle. Which of the following would be the most effective first step in a sequence of instruction designed to achieve this goal?
Talk with students about selected consonants using a series of posters that each feature one consonant and contain pictures of items whose initial phoneme demonstrates that consonant's sound
A second grade teacher regularly reviews spelling patterns previously taught. The teacher also provides students with multiple opportunities to read and write connected text that features words containing the target spelling patterns and to engage in words sorts focused on previously taught spelling patterns. These types of activities are likely to promote student's reading proficiency primarily by developing their:
Reading fluency with respect to accuracy
A teacher can most effectively support first graders' development of rapid automatic word recognition by first teaching students how to:
Apply consistent phonics generalizations in common words
Which of the following provides the best rationale for incorporating spelling instruction into a first grade reading program
spelling supports word recognition by helping students learn and retain common phonics patterns
Which of the following principles is best illustrated by the words, watched, wanted, and warned?
The spelling of a suffix is often more reliable than its pronunciation
A second grade teacher has students pull two single-syllable nouns from a hat (e.g. bulb and light) and asks them to form words by putting the words together (e.g. lightbulb) students then draw pictures to illustrate their new words and write short stories using the new words. This activity is likely to be most effective for helping students:
Understand the concept of compound words
Instruction in structural analysis is likely to promote upper elementary students' reading comprehension primarily by:
equipping them with strategies for understanding the meanings of unfamiliar multi syllable words
A sixth grader encounters the following sentence in a short story.... the student asks the teacher about the meaning of deja vu in the sentence. The teacher could best respond by advising the student to take which of the following steps?
Look up the word in the dictionary, then paraphrase the sentence using the dictionary definition
A second-grade student demonstrates automaticity decoding grade-level regular and irregular words. However, the student frequently experiences poor text comprehension. Which of the following is the first step the teacher should take in order to promote this student's reading proficiency?
Determining the extent of the student's vocabulary knowledge
A fifth-grade teacher is about to begin a new unit on weather and climate. Which of the following types of vocabulary words from the unit would be most appropriate for the teacher to preteach?
Words that are conceptually challenging
Over the course of the school year, a sixth-grade student who had been a fluent, proficient reader in previous years is having increasing difficulty comprehending grade-level literary and informational texts assigned in class. The results of informal, curriculum-based assessments indicate that the student still meets grade-level expectations in vocabulary knowledge, but the student's reading rate and comprehension have dropped below grade level. The student also tends to choose fiction and graphic novels written well below the sixth-grade level for independent reading. The student's overall reading performance suggests that the student would likely benefit most from instruction focused on promoting the student's:
A. knowledge and skills related to understanding complex academic language.
B. understanding of important features of skilled prosodic reading.
C. development of decoding skills and automaticity recognizing grade-level sight words.
D. skill in applying contextual analysis and other word analysis strategies.
A. knowledge and skills related to understanding complex academic language.
A fifth-grade class is about to read a play about the life of Harriet Tubman called "Travels on the Railroad." Which of the following prereading activities would best promote students' comprehension of the text?
Asking students to share what they already know about the time period during which the play takes place
A teacher can best help sixth graders draw inferences from informational text by asking them to complete which of the following statements?
The passage suggests
A sixth-grade class is working on an internet research project about various natural resources and their uses. The teacher could best support students' effective use of the internet for their research by:
Providing students with a checklist of questions that prompt critical evaluation of information on the Web sites
An ELL reads academic texts fluently in her primary language but is struggling to understand her concept-area textbooks in English. This student would likely benefit most from engaging in which of the following activities?
Learning to use metacognitive reading strategies with English Text
If a standardized test is said to lack reliability, the test:
gives fluctuating scores in different administrations
Which of the following best describes the primary advantage of having a student read a passage silently and the provide a "retelling" as a means of assessing the student's comprehension, rather than having the student answer questions?
A retelling is open-ended and requires the student to construct a description of the passage more independently of the examiner
Which o the following types of activities would be most important to include on a daily basis when planning reading instruction for first graders who are developing as beginning readers?
Activities that promote student' development of decoding and other word analysis skills
Electronic reading books are advantageous for beginning or struggling readers primarily because this type of computer software:
scaffolds learning by providing a high level of interactivity
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