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a soldier who is paid to fight in a foreign army.


a formal agreement between nations or other groups to work together on a common goal


troops on horseback

Nathan Hale

American spy who was caught by the British and hanged; his famous quote was: says " I regret that I have but one life to lose for my country"

Marquis de Lafayette

French soldier who joined General Washington's staff and became a general in the Continental Army.

Friedrich von Steuben

a former army officer from Germany who served in the Prussan Army who came to help Washington train the Continental Army

Battle of Long Island/New York (NY)

Battle in which General Howe gathered his forces in Staten Island (NY) and moved north. Washington's army was badly defeated, and they retreated.

Battle of Saratoga

American victory over British troops in 1777 that was a turning point in the American Revolution.

Valley Forge

the site where George Washington and his troops endured a harsh winter (1777-1778) without proper food, shelter, or clothing

Battle of Trenton

On Christmas night in 1776, Washington and his troops crossed the Delaware River and attacked in total surprise; capturing hundreds of Hessian soldiers (they were fighting for the British); this boosted the morale of American troops

"The Crisis"

Another pamphlet written by Thomas Paine to raise morale for the Continental Army; contains the famous quote "These are the times that try men's souls..."

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