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11 terms

Sparta and Athens

Flashcards for 6th grade Social Studies Sparta and Athens
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Polis
A city/state in which a main city was surrounded by communities
Acropolis
A large hill where city residents could seek safety and shelter in times of war
Agora
The clearing that served as a market place and a meeting place
Citizen
A person who has certain rights and responsibilities in a country or community
helots
Slaves in Ancient Greece who were usually conquered neighbors
Oligarchy
A type of government in which a small group of the most rich and most powerful citizens make decisions and the poor have no power
Monarchy
A government ruled by one ruler or king
Democracy
Ruled by the people and a form of government where all the citizens get to make decisions
Mount Olympus
A Mountain in northern Greece where the most powerful gods were said to live
Homer
A famous poet and philosopher in Ancient Greece who wrote "Iliad" and "The Odyssey"
Colonies
were made up of groups of people who lived apart from Greece who had the benefit of trading with Greece.