Praxis II 0086 Social Studies Prep
A huge set of content from multiple test guides and sample AP content exams.
Terms in this set (89)
These people were characterized by primitive tools, a nomadic lifestyle, and use of fire.
The age of the first civilizations, technological innovations, fire, tools, cave paintings (religious and decorative), domesticated animals, agricultural.
Sumerians in Mesopotamia
First group to build a civilization. Developed system of writing.
Stable due to Nile.
Assyrian and Persian Empires
The most powerful of the time.
Used Floodwaters for farming.
Trading empire by the sea.
Created irrigation and flood control systems.
Used empire-wid communication system.
Had temples and houses for religious leaders.
Adhered to sacred law to maintain separateness.
Acquired iron making from the Hittites.
Acquired architecture from the Assyrians, Babylonians, and Egyptians.
Acquired bronze making from the Hyssops.
Invented the arch, dome, wheel, and system of writing.
Invented the alphabet.
Created a standing army.
Life is permeated with suffering caused by desire, that suffering ceases when desire ceases, and that enlightenment obtained through right conduct and wisdom and meditation releases one from desire and suffering and rebirth (India).
A body of religious and philosophical beliefs and cultural practices native to India and characterized by a belief in reincarnation, a supreme being of many forms and natures, and by the view that opposing theories are aspects of one eternal truth (India).
The founder of Buddhism; born a prince; left his father's wealth to find the cause of human suffering; also know as Buddha (India).
The grandson of Chandragupta who also was a leader of the Mauryan Empire. He converted to Buddhism from Hinduism and tolerated other religions other then Buddhism when he was the leader. He is the most honored leader of the Mauryan Empire and controlled a very successful civilization (India).
Encouraged aesthetic traditions, and started the Golden Age - advances in art, literature, medicine, math, and science (India).
Creator of the iron plow, caste system, zero, decimal system.
A vast epic chronicling the events leading up to a cataclysmic battle between related kinship groups in early India. It includes the Bhagavad-Gita, the most important work of Indian sacred literature.
One of two classical Hindu epics telling of the banishment of Rama from his kingdom and the abduction of his wife by a demon and Rama's restoration to the throne, written in Sanskrit.
Sacred texts in the Hindu religion, they are a set of four collections of hymns and religious ceremonies transmitted by memory through the centuries by Aryan priests.
The system of ethics, education, and statesmanship taught by a Chinese man, and his disciples, stressing love for humanity, ancestor worship, reverence for parents, and harmony in thought and conduct.
The "Old Master" who encouraged people to give up worldly desires in favor of nature; he founded Taoism (Daoism)
The belief that the world is always changing and is devoid of absolute morality or meaning. Accepting the world as you find it, avoiding futile struggles, and deviating as little as possible from the 'path' of nature (China).
The philosophy that humans are naturally evil and therefore need to be ruled by harsh laws (China).
The first emperor of the Qin Dynasty who believed strongly in Legalism and sought to strengthen the centralized China through public works.
Bronze casting, crossbow, paper, iron plowshare, silk.
A record of the words and acts of the central Chinese thinker and philosopher Confucius and his disciples.
Tao Te Ching
Taoism's main document supposedly written by Lao Tzu in three days; talks about the Tao itself and the power or fulfillment that results from living in harmony with it.
Athens and Sparta
The most powerful Greek city-states.
Defeated the Persian army.
The success of the arts, theater, and architecture from Greece.
Located in Crete, affected by tidal waves, ruled by a king, and was a sea trading empire.
Located in Peloponnesus, affected by earthquakes, Indo-European pottery-makers, ruled by monarchies in loose alliance.
Located in Peloponnesus, affected by farming, were Greek-speaking invaders, did not trade, were a military state/oligarchy.
Located in Attica, affected by the lack of fertile land, were Greek-speaking invaders, traded pottery, were an oligarchy/direct democracy.
Invaded by Mycenaeans.
Conquered by Minoans. Fell to Greek-speaking invaders.
Conquered other Greeks, fought Athenians. Fought Persians, and Macedonians.
Fought Spartans. Fought Persians and Macedonians.
The Second Punic War
Where the Romans conquered Hannibal.
What happened when the last Etruscan king was overthrown, Hannibal was defeated, and Augustus became the first emperor of Rome?
The beginning of the Roman Empire
The Roman emperor who gave official tolerance to Christianity.
What happened when the Germanic tribes defeated Rome?
The fall of Rome.
When Rome defeated Carthage and took Sicily
It caused Hannibal to bring the Second Punic War to Italy, defeating the Romans at Cannae.
When Marius recruited armies by promising them land. He required an oath of loyalty to him.
It cause the Roman army to no longer be under the government's control; military power rested in the hands of the individual generals.
When Sulla used his army to seize governmental power.
It caused Sulla to restore power to the government with a strong Senate, but his actions set the precedent for military coups.
When Julius Ceasar filled the Senate with his own supporters.
The power of the Senate was weakened. Julius Caesar was assassinated in 44 B.C.
When economic and social policies of Diocletian and Constantine were based on control and coercion.
Then the policies of these tow emperors contributed to the empire's eventual collapse.
Muhammad and his followers.
Spread the beliefs of Islam.
The Arab Empire at its peak.
From Spain eastward to France.
The split of the Islamic empire.
In the seventh century, into the Shiite and the Sunni.
Irrigation; astrolabe; algebra; large-scale paper.
Trade routes; Arab expansion into Africa, Asia, and Europe; Arab center from Makkah to Baghdad to Cairo.
Bureaucracy relied on non-Arabs; Arabs translated Greek philosophers.
Wrote a medical textbook that was the standard for medieval Europe.
Traded for salt from the Sahara.
Muslim cotton, silk and Chinese porcelain.
Traded to East Africans.
Ivory and Gold
The items traded from inland Africa to East Africa.
Imports of Axum
Cotton cloth, brass, copper, and olive oil.
The greatest trading society of West Africa
The Kingdom of Mali (which took the place of Ghana), which became rich from salt and gold.
The new home of Bantu people.
People of Arab merchants
East African costal home.
Moved to Timbuktu.
The conqueror of the Egyptians.
The ultimate controlor of Axum trade.
The armies occupied Songahi's gold-trading centers.
What did the Moroccan armies occupy?
China was unified under Sui Dynasty. China
China's economy and people grew spectacularly in the Song Dynasty. China
Successful diplomatic reltionships and expansion during the Tang Dynasty. China
Gained control of the nation over other rival clans around 400 CE. Established an imperial court similar to that of China in 700 CE. Japan
They were a powerful family of regents in Japan that monopolized the regent positions. They dominated the government of Japan 794-1160. There is no clear starting point of their dominance. However, their domination of civil administration was lost by the establishment of the first shogunate. Japan
The first of Japan's decentralized military governments. (1185-1333). Japan
1136 the Ashikaga family took control of the Shogunate, could not keep control of Japan and nation broke into warring nations Japan
Replaced the Silla Dynasty in Korea capital was Songak metal type print led to mass productionn of books also produced celadon.
Korean Dynasty that succeeded Koryo dynasty following period of Mongol invasions; established in 1392; ruled Korea to 1910; resotred aristocratic dominance and Chinese influence.
Turkish sultan whose armies invaded India about 1000.
seized power in 1396 and immediately launched program of conquest. placed entire region east of caspian sea under his authority and then occupied mesopotamia. India
unitied the Khmer people and established a capital at Angkor Thom.
What type of rulers are in Thailand and Burma?
What type of rulers are in Malasian?
What three major elements formed the new European civilzation (400-1300 A.D.)?
The Germanic tribes, the Roman legacy, and the Christian church.
What led to the formation of feudalism?
The formation of feudalism was caused by the collapse of a central authority in the Carolingian Empire.
When did the European monarchs begin to build strong states?
In the 1100s the European monarchs began to build these.