Sports Medicine- Legal Terms
Terms in this set (60)
athletes use their body to deter or punish their opponents (intent of the sport)
sports where players are separated such that contact is unlikely without Violation. Acute, traumatic injuries still occur, but the incidence of chronic, overuse related injury is greater.
Assumption of Risk
it is assumed that an individual who participates in an activity and is injured as a result of the ordinary risk associated at the activity will no have grounds for negligence
failure to warn
Failing to inform a participant of potential risks and dangers.
legal responsibility for harm one causes to another person
touching someone without their permission
Standerd of Care
Provides reasonable and prudent care expected as compared to someone with similar education and experience.
scope of practice
Describes the procedures, actions, and processes that a healthcare practitioner is permitted to undertake in keeping with the terms of their professional license.
failure to use ordinary or reasonable care
4 parts of negligence
Duty of care
Breach of duty
Injury or damage (cause)
Proximal cause (harm)
Duty of care
an individual has the responsibility to provide care- part of their job to provide care
Breach of duty
failure to meet the standard of care
Injury or damage
the client suffered some type of loss, damage, or injury
a legal concept of causation that asks whether the injury or other event would have occurred if the negligent act had not occurred
fails to perform legal duty
commits an act that is not legally his or hers to preform
Good Samaritan Law
A law that exempts from legal liability a person who attempts to give reasonable aid to another person who is injured, ill, or otherwise imperiled.
stature of limitations
A statute of limitations is a law that sets a limit -- almost always expressed in years -- on the amount of time you have to file a lawsuit after you have suffered some type of loss or injury.
A patient learns about and understands the purpose, benefits, and potential risks of a medical or surgical intervention
Negligence happens when the medical practitioner fails to provide the care which is expected in each case thus resulting in injury or death of the patient.
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
Law that protects private health information and established electronic health records.
knowledge of right and wrong
Title IX/Gender Equity
An addition to the 14th Amendment in 1972. No person shall be excluded on the basis of gender or be denied the benefit of any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
Federal legislation that opens up services, facilities, and opportunities to people with disabilities.
Fair play ad Sportmanship
Many people believe fair play and sportsmanship to be the "golden rule" of the sports world. (cheating, performance enhancing drugs)
cheating (fair play and sportsmanship)
Manifests itself in several ways in the world of athletics.
Is victory due to training and talent, or cheating?
The pressure of failing is too much to deal with. No one wants to be a failure.
education required to maintain a certification or licensure or both.
performance enhancing drugs
substances used for the express purpose to preform better athletically
a common tool used to try to deter the use of performance enhancing drugs
winning at all costs
Our cultural traditions value winning, and why not since it is part of the reason sports exist.
What we fail to teach our children, students, athletes, and society in general is that the honest pursuit of anything carries with it the responsibility to do it right.
medical documentation method (Subjective, Objective, Assessment, Plan)
Emergency Action Plan
a plan developed by an athletic trainer (usually) to be able to provide for the care of athletes
Supervise the rehabilitation programs/process for injured athletes
Individual who achieves both certification as an athletic trainer and as well as a physical therapist.
physical therapy assistant
A health care specialist who works with physical therapists to assist in developing treatment plans for the rehabilitation of injury.
assess and plan for the client to regain ADLs, esp motor skills of the upper extremities; direct care of occupational therapy assistants
monitor and assess cardiovascular and metabolic effects as a result of exercise, along with the replenishment of fluid, and cardiac and musculoskeletal rehabilitation.
sports medicine physician
a doctor with a specialization that can aid the sports medicine team in treating the athlete- makes the return to play decision
trained to assume some of the responsibilities for patient care traditionally done by the physician.
emphasize diagnosis and treatment of mechanical disorders of the musculoskeletal system.
sports massage therapist
Have training and experience in all areas of massage. Skills can be used Pre/Post competition.
advise the athlete on matter related to the psychological aspects of the rehabilitation process. guides them to cope better with the pressures associated with returning to a prior level of performance/pre-injury.
strength and conditioning coaches
advise athletes on training and conditioning programs to increase performance
specialized field dealing with the study and care of the foot
Physical Therapy Aide
Completes tasks in a physical therapy office that are indirectly related to patient care
Occupational Therapy Assistant
helps patients develop and recover to maintain the skills needed for daily living- works under the supervision of an occupational therapist
Occupational Therapy Aide
Fills out/collects insurance forms and other paperwork and are responsible for a range of clerical tasks.
performs surgery to address conditions of the musculoskeletal system requiring surgical intervention.
specialist whom enhances the components of fitness for the general, healthy population
A person who has a degree in nutrition; plans and manages therapeutic diets.
In charge of skills, conditioning, and injury prevention.
Involved in the prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation of injuries to physically active individuals and athletes
Train and condition to prevent injury, Listens to their body to prevent re-injury
Vital information regarding the care and injury status of their athlete.
Nurse Practioner (NP)
are prepared to provide direct client care in primary care settings, focusing on health promotion, illness prevention, early diagnosis, and treatment of common health problems
A person with expertise in analysis of human movement
specialist who develops and assists patients with prostheses
specialist who develops and assists patients with orthotics
provides basic care for medical emergencies, illness, injury- emergency medical technician
An individual who has extensive training in advanced life support, including endotracheal intubation, emergency pharmacology, cardiac monitoring, and other advanced assessment and treatment skills.
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