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39 terms

Law & Ethics Chapter 11

STUDY
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Allege
to assert or declare without proof
Censure
to find fault with, criticize or condemn
Chromosome
threadlike structures within the nucleus of a cell that transmit genetic information
Clone
group of identical matching cells that come from a single common cell
Control Group
research subjects who receive no treatment
Double Blind Test
a research design in which neither the experimenter nor the patient knows who is getting the research treatment
Euthanasia
the administration of a lethal agent by another person to a patient for the purpose of relieving intolerable and incurable suffering
Expulsion
the act of forcing out
Gene Markers
list of genes that are responsible for disease
Gene Therapy
the replacement of a defective or malfunctioning gene by splicing or connecting onto the DNA of body cells to control production of a particular substance
Harvest
remove organs or embryos
Human Genome
the complete set of genes within the 23 pairs of human chromosomes
Human Genome Project
a research program funded by the federal government to map and sequence the total number of genes within the 23 pairs or 46 chromosomes
Institutional Review Board
a hospital or university board of members who oversee any human research in that facility
National Organ Transplant Law
federal law that forbids the sale of organs in interstate commerce
Nontherapeutic Research
research conducted that will not directly benefit the research subject
Posthumous
after death
Revocation
the act of taking away or recalling, such as taking away a license to practice medicine
Social Utility
giving organs to patients who will benefit the most
Stem Cells
master cells in the body that can generate specialized cells
Therapeutic Research
a form of medical research that might directly benefit the research subject
United Network for Organ Sharing
the legal entity in the United States responsible for allocating organs for transplantation
Ethics
the branch of philosophy relating to morals and moral principles
Applied Ethics
ethics that relates to health care professions
Bioethics
issues discussed in the context of advanced medical technology are called...
Illegal Acts
usually unethical
Code of Hammurabi
the earliest code of ethics governing the conduct of those practicing medicine
Hippocrates
referred to as the father of medicine and wrote a statement of principles for his medical students to follow
American Medical Association
they issue a warning or censure to a physician when the physician is accused of unethical behavior or conduct
Governmental Agency
an allegation of a criminal act by a physician requires that the act be reported to the state licensing board or...
Nuremberg Code
the concern for the human subject in medical experimentation is the result of the...
Medical Assistant
the AAMA has developed a code of ethics for the...
Organs
the National Organ Transplant Law of 1984 forbids the sale of...
Medicare
kidney transplants are fully funded by...
Conflict of Interest
placing the researcher's interests above the patient's interests is considered...
Medical Etiquette
standards of professional behavior that physicians use for conduct with other physicians
Ethics
this committee of a hospital serves in an advisory capacity to patients, families and staff to decide who gets donated organs, review difficult ethical issues and determine when care will be discontinued
Human Research
an institutional review board in a hospital or university receiving federal research funds oversees what type of research in the facility
Ethical
a decision model for helping resolve these types of issues includes asking what do we know, who is involved and where and when does the situation occur