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Politics of the United States
American Government Final Exam
Terms in this set (99)
the partisan divide between democrats and republicans in congress has been getting...since the 1970s
which of the following is a tactic used by interest groups in policy formation?
giving research information to bureaucrats and legislators, and lobbying (all of the above).
the services that interest groups provide elected officials include...
doing research, providing block votes, and helping with public opinion/polling (all of the above)
A story that contains no policy content and is not related to the day's events but that commonly discusses popular personalities and is designed to draw greater viewer interest is...
the telecommunications act of 1996...
relaxed the rules governing media ownership.
what institution is responsible for electing the president of the US?
the first two presidential primaries are always held in...
Iowa and New Hampshire
private ownership of the media in the US makes the american news industry...
dependent of advertising revenues.
a person competing for the party's nomination for office must first participate in a...
interest groups seek to shape public opinion by...
running their own candidates in key races, and distributing vital research to the public/elected officials.
interest groups support candidates in election campaigns by...
making financial contributions
primary voter turnout has...since 1964
ballot access laws usually have the effect of...
keeping 3rd or minor parties off of the ballot
an individual's or organization's attempt to influence legislators and bureaucratic decisions
for a federal political action committee (PAC) to be legitimate, it must...
register with the FEC, raise money from at least 50 donors, and give to at least 5 political canidates (all of the above).
The "Super-PACs" may...
use unlimited expenditures to influence elections
The "Super PACs" were allowed due to the....Supreme Court Decision
Citizens United v. FEC
interest groups give campaign contributions because...
they want to assure that they can gain access to legislators
a political party differs from an interest group in that...
political parties run candidates for government office and interest groups do not.
the party electorate consists of...
ordinary citizens who identify with the party and usually vote for the party's candidates
the political party organization consists of...
professionals who hold the official positions in the party
the elected party in government consists of...
elected and appointed officials who are considered representatives of the party
the first two political parties formed largely as a response to...
the distribution of federal and state power
the major functions of political parties include all of the following except...
counting votes on election night
which of the following favors a two party system?
the supreme court will not allow restrictions on contributions to political parties, ads by interest groups, or the spending of personal wealth for a campaign because it...
violates freedom of speech
A....legislature usually allocates seats based on the vote percentage for the party.
when nation uses a single member district system for legislatures, they always have....systems.
the purpose of introducing the primary as a means of nominating candidates for office was to....
weaken the influence of the party machine/bosses
the number of corporations that own most of the media outlets today is...
under a direct primary system, who has the power to decide which candidate runs as the party's nominee in the general election?
the party in the electorate
the process in which a substantial group of voters swithces party allegiance, producing a temporary one-party dominance in elections is known as...
a critical realignment
third or independent political parties are rarely successful because they...
have difficulty meeting the requirements of the ballot access laws in most states
in the 2016 election, a PAC can donate...dollars to a candidate.
the television hypothesis is the idea that...
citizens have low levels of political knowledge due to the sound bite coverage about politics.
to win a congressional election (in most states), a candidate needs...
just one vote more than competitors
the two major political parties in the US today are...
the democrats and republicans
when voting in the presidential election, voters are casting a ballot for...
a state of electors pledged to vote for that candidate in the electoral college
in presidential elections, a candidate must have...in order to win the presidency
270 votes in the electoral college
the bipartisan campaign reform act...
has largely been overturned by the supreme court for violating the 1st amendment
one item left from the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act is...
the candidate disclaimer "I approve this message" must appear within the ad
....is the process of adjusting the number of House seats among the states to reflect population shifts.
the process of redistricting to benefit one political interest at the expense of another is called...
in a closed primary, who may vote?
only registered party memebrs
Who founded the Democratic-Republican Party?
who founded the federalist party?
who founded the democratic party?
who founded the Whig party?
Martin Van Buren
who founded the republican party?
A dissenting opinion can be important because...
it often forms the basis of the arguments used later to reverse the majority opinion in a similar case
which of the following is NOT a power of congress?
the primary function of congress is...
the.....impeaches federal officials and the.....holds the power to then remove them from office.
how can the supreme court enforce the decisions that they have made?
the supreme court has to rely on the executive branch to enforce the law.
a bill going to the floor with an open rule will...
allow consideration of amendments
according to the constitution, where do revenue (taxation) bills have to originate?
the House of Representatives
there are......members in the House, and.....members in the senate
if the president vetoes a bill passed by the congress, then congress may in turn check presidential power by overriding the veto. what is the threshold that congress needs to be successful with the override?
a two-thirds majority in both chambers.
sub-committee meetings that change and amend legislation are known as....
the rules committee in the House of Representatives is able to...
set time for the actual vote on the bill, set time limits for debate on a piece of legislation, and decide if bills may have attachments.
a large bill that incorporates many bills that are often unrelated are called....
what is that only formal means of ending a filibuster in the Senate?
a vote of cloture
a temporary committee consisting of members from both chambers of congress to reconcile differences in the House and Senate versions of a bill is called a...
omnibus bills are frequently used in congress today because...
it makes bill approval by the President and Congress easier
a member of congress who helps a constituent with a federal agency, such as getting Social Security benefits or a passport, is engaging in....
which of the following is not a power of the president?
presidents share the appointment power with....
presidential power has expanded as a result of...
the use of administrative power and the faithful execution clause, public approval of the President, and the inaction of congress.
after congress passes a law and the president signs it, what is the next step in the process?
the bureaucratic agency that will implement the legislation develops the rules to implement the legislation
executive orders, executive agreements, and signing statements are...
increasingly used by the President in order to achieve his policy objectives
presidential powers listed in the constitution are often limited today by...
congressional takeover, bureaucratic loyalty to congress, and public opinion.
today, the Pendleton act ensures that bureaucratic agents...
are protected from firing at Presidential changeovers
generally speaking, the supreme court picks cases...
that raise questions of political significance, on which appellate courts have issued conflicted rulings, and that raise important constitutional issues.
a written declaration that a president makes when signing a bill into law, often including statements pointing out sections of the law that the president deems unconstitutional, is known as a....
important determinants of presidential approval ratings include....
military conflicts, the state of the economy, gas prices
in Marbury v. Madison, the Supreme Court...
declared that it had the power to strike down laws that were unconstitutional.
if a case is to retired due to an appeals court review, it....
is remanded to the court that heard the case.
the term of office for the House of Representatives is....years.
most of the cases ultimately heard by the US supreme court come from
its appellate jurisdiction
what type of directives carry the same force of law as a piece of legislation passed by congress and signed by the president?
both executive orders and bureaucratic rules/regulations
the route for a case to get to the supreme court as an appellate case from the federal courts is...
federal district court > federal court of appeals > US supreme court
where in in US constitution is the structure of the bureaucracy described?
it is not described in the US constitution
the supreme court can review a state court decision...
only if a federal or constitutional question is involved.
congressional review of bureaucratic activities is called....
most requests for supreme court review are
according to Mayhew, which of these is not required for a congress member to get reelected?
executive arguments are...
temporary "treaties" between the president and the executive authority of another country
only creates the supreme court and leaves development of the federal courts to congress
the president may "pocket veto" a bill when....
congress is out of session within 10 days of receiving the legislation
according to the constitution, the supreme court can exercise original jurisdiction....
in cases affecting foreign diplomats and in cases in which the state is a party.
what does the "rule of four" mean in the supreme court?
at least four of the justices must agree to hear a case
a writ of certiorari by the supreme court orders...
a lower court to send it the record of a case for review.
the war powers act....
all of the above
TRUE OR FALSE: the constitution requires that a supreme court justice be at least 40 years old and a natural born US citizen.
the president must be....and a....in order to be elected, according to the constitution.
35 years old; natural-born citizen.
members of congress need "pork barrel" legislation in order to...
maintain the economy of the district or state
the court's power of judicial review was
taken by the court from the text and structure of the US constitution
the power of judicial review
is used more to overturn state laws
presidents used to appoint every member of the bureaucracy. what congressional act changed that?
the pendleton act
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