urinary incontinence, gait disturbances, peripheral neuropathy, depression, suicide, and sleep disturbances, falls, fires, drowning, crashes, homicide -Redirection
Do not threaten or restrain patient if frustrated.
** Use reality orientation to orient to time, place, and person. Do not ask the confused or agitated patient challenging "why" questions.
-Ways to distract the agitated patient may include providing snacks, taking a car ride, sitting on a porch swing or rocker, listening to favorite music, watching videotapes, looking at family photographs, or walking.
-Use of repetitive activities, songs, poems, music, massage, aromas, or a favorite object can be soothing to patients.
Cold, clammy, diaphoretic, fever
Cyanosis of nose, nail beds, ears
Mottling of hands, feet, toes, arms, legs, and knees