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TTU World Geography Semester 2
Terms in this set (151)
Antarctic Ice Cap
-Consists of two unequal sections separated by Transantarctic Mountains
-West Antarctica has a few "dry valleys"
a young population and increasing birthrate
Building houses a certain way in Bangladesh is important because...
making modifications for the extensive flooding is necessary
During most of the twentieth century, Australia and New Zealand traded with
The United Kingdom and the United States
What has been the cause of erosion, floods, and loss of soil in Bangladesh?
Hindus believe that after death....
Most people are reborn as another living thing
Earthquakes, tsunamis, and volcanoes are
caused by movement of the earth's tectonic plates.
Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh someday may profit from
Untapped petroleum resources
The ancient __________ is the route of a communications superhighway
Africa today has the highest __________ in the world
infant mortality and lowest life expectancy rate
Indonesia, the Philippines, and Singapore are all what type of governments?
Some ________ distinct languages are spoken on Indonesia's many islands
In recent year, companies from more developed nations have often built new production facilities in less developed nations. The outsourcing has occurred because less developed nations frequently have....
A supply of inexpensive labor
The religions of Southeast Asia include....
Hinduism and Buddhism, Daoism and Confucianism, and Christianity and Islam
Which factor contributed most to the trend in urbanization in South Korea?
The nation is becoming increasingly industrialized
What large African lake supplies electricity to Ghana?
Limited farmland but excellent soil
Early culture developed in Southeast Asia through...
Contact with European traders
The Eastern and Western Ghats block rainfall to the....
Japanese fleets continue to hunt whales....
in spite of worldwide criticism due to declining whale populations
Most profits from mining in South Africa
go to foreign corporations
why are both commercial farms and subsistence farms important in Southeast Asia?
People need available food; the economy needs money from exports
South Africa is the world's largest producer of ______
The Ottoman Empire ruled ______ for more than 600 years
Much of the eastern Mediterranean world
The world's largest tin deposits are found in
Earth's longest river is located in.....
Japan consumes more ________ than any other country in the world
In 1994, South Africa had its first election...
In which all people could vote
An overcrowded city with a weak justice system, a rural region with poor systems of transportation, and a center of world trade and strong economic force.
What is New Zealand's most important resource?
Oil well fires _______ during the Persian Gulf War
- threatened millions of birds
- destroyed millions of gallons of oil
- were set by Iraqi soldiers
In 2001, _______ was targeted for sheltering terrorists
Which mountain range extends across Morocco and Algeria?
The Great Rift Valley includes....
Volcanoes and large lakes, tropical rain forests, and fertile plains
The island nation of Maldives is spread across ________ square miles of ocean
The Indo-European Language family includes
Sanskrit, Tamil, and Kannada
What are China's main waterway systems?
The Yellow, the Xi, and the Yangtze and the Grand Canal
In western Africa, a _______ is welcome after heavy summer rains
Asia Pacific Economic Corporation
underground water-bearing layers of porous rock, sand, or gravel
A group or chain of islands
a well that brings pressurized water to the surface without pumping. It is too salty for humans or crops
Association of Southeast Asian Nations formed in 1967 to promote regional stability and economic growth. Founded by Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand.
Aswan High Dam
Built in Egypt in 1950 to control flooding of the Nile River and provide hydroelectric power. Meant to provide year-round irrigation but it made the soil loose fertility.
Africa's longest mountain range which was the result of the interaction of the African and Eurasian plates. They extend from Morocco to Northeast Tunisia. The mountains consist of two sections, the northern section (the Tell Atlas) and the southern section (the Saharan Atlas)
The early inhabitants of Australia and the world's oldest surviving culture. The first of these nomadic herders were hunters and gatherers and arrived in Australia 40,000 to 60,000 years ago. They lived in familial clans and hunted with boomerangs.
Country of the Eastern Himalaya, northeast of India
an artificial waterway constructed to allow the passage of boats or ships inland or to convey water for irrigation.
A large saltwater lake between Iran and Russia fed by the Volga River, world's largest inland body of water located between Europe and Asia
centers of trade
Commerce Crossroads where trade is big.
weather patterns typical for an area over a long period of time
climate features of the Pacific regions
Marine west coast, humid subtropical, (Australia has semi-arid and arid and some tropical wet/dry)
Growing large quantities of crops or livestock in order to sell them for a profit
Confucianism (features of the religion, where it is practiced, specific concentrations of practitioners.)
China's most famous teacher and philosopher, Confucius (or Kongfuzi), lived during the Zhou dynasty. He founded a system of thought called Confucianism. It is based on discipline and proper moral conduct, and continues to have and impact in China and other Asian civilizations to the present day.
cottage industries (what these are, examples of them, examples of what gets made)
A business that employs workers in their homes. In Pakistan and India. They weave textiles, make shoes, jewelry, woodcarvings, furniture, and bowls.
Countries that have become independent and when
Egypt from UK: 1922, Algeria from France: 1962, Libya from Italy: 1951, Tunisia from France: 1956, Morocco from France: 1956, Lebanon and Syria from France: 1943 and 1946, Jordan from Britain: 1946, Soviet republics when it dissolved: 1991, African countries in the Transition zone: mid-1900s, All countries of Equatorial Africa: 1960, Southern African countries: 1960s and 70s, Mozambique: 1976, Zambia: 1964, Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe): 1965, Philippines from US: 1946, Myanmar from Britain: 1948, Malaysia and Singapore from Britain: 1960s, Indonesia from Britain: 1946, Cambodia: 1953, Vietnam from France: 1954, Australia as a dominion: 1901, New Zealand as a self-governing colony: 1853, most of Oceania: 1970s-end of 1900s
The removal of trees faster than forests can replace themselves. The loss or destruction of forests mainly for logging or farming
a triangular section of land formed by sand and silt carried downriver; a triangular-shaped area of silt and sediment deposit found at the mouth of a river; an alluvial deposit at a river's mouth that is shaped roughly like the Greek letter delta us
Desert (percentage in certain regions, climate characteristics, cultures that live there)
Dry land with little rainfall which is found in Africa, western East Asia, Australia, western South Asia. it has arid and semi-arid climates.
Process in which arable land becomes desert; the destruction of land in arid and semiarid climates.
a frequently windless area near the Equator
Early cultural influences Southeast Asia, Vietnam
Because of early colonization, Vietnam is seen as a religious crossroads for Buddhism, Catholicism, Daoism, Confucianism, and Ancestor worship.
Early literature (early characteristics, sources etc. for various regions
Stories were sometimes painted on walls in early civilizations
Mountain range in India.
Energy sources in South Asia
Oil and gas
Energy sources in Africa
hydroelectric and wood fuels, coal lignite, crude oil, natural gas and nuclear fuels, and there are unconventional energy sources, such as solar, geothermal, biomass, oil and tar sands, wind energy
Energy sources in New Zealand
hydropower, geothermal power and increasingly wind energy. 82% of energy for electricity generation is from renewable sources, making New Zealand one of the lowest carbon dioxide emitting countries in terms of electricity generation.
a variety of people from different ethnic groups
A river in southwestern Asia that flows through Syria and Iraq and joins the Tigris river.
European exploration of Africa
Europe's abuse of African people and natural resources for it's own development and gain
Collective farming communities formed in China in 1949 by the Great Leap Forward.
Farming in Southeast Asia
Mostly commercial farming
Farming in South Asia
consists of subsistence farming only
Farming in Africa south of the Sahara
Mostly subsistence farming
Farming in 1950s China
Mostly commercial farming. Farming communes were introduced in the 1950s.
Area of southeast Asia controlled by France during Imperialism. Includes Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam.
Lies at the foot of the Himalaya and is the world's longest alluvial plain (floodplain on which flooding rivers have deposited silt) and is India's most densely populated area.
One of the worlds largest deserts, covers part of China and present-day Mongolia. (Central Asia)
Great Barrier Reef
a 1,250-mile chain of more than 2,500 reefs and islands along Australia's northeast coast, containing some 400 species of coral
Mountain system in South Asia, bordering the Indian subcontinent on the north.
Great Rift Valley
Was formed in part by shifting tectonic plates .A significant part of East Africa's landscape which begins in Syria and ends in Mozambique. It is made up of two branches, each of which lies within a set of fault lines. The Western Rift Valley cuts through Tanzania, Burundi, Rwanda, and Uganda. The Eastern Rift Valley cuts through Tanzania and Kenya and north into Ethiopia.
a major religious and cultural tradition of South Asia, developed from Vedic religion.
A British colony in China, received after the first Opium War and returned to China in 1997
the basic rights and freedoms to which all people are entitled as human beings
IDK i guess what the name says
Indo-European language family
Language family including the Germanic and Romance languages that is spoken by 50% of the world's people
The development of industries for the machine production of goods.
Infant mortality rates
The percentage of children who die before their first birthday within a particular area or country.
Islam (features, where is it practiced, specific concentrations of its practitioners)
the religion of the Muslims, a monotheistic faith regarded as revealed through Muhammad as the Prophet of Allah.
Islands (types, how they're formed, names of island countries)
High islands: an island with mountain ranges and volcanic soils. Low islands: formed by the buildup of coral reef on the rim of a submerged volcano; sometimes known as an atoll.
A river with a tributary in Syria and flows through all of the countries in the Eastern Mediterranean. It flows along the Syrian-Lebanese border, through the Anti-Lebanese Mountains and near Mount Hermon. It then flows south into the Sea of Galilee. There the river becomes a natural border between the Isreali-occupied West Bank and Jordan before it empties into the Dead Sea. The river is important for irrigation and agriculture. Farmers grow oranges, bananas, beets, and other vegetables on the river's eastern banks.
A group of Communist rebels who seized power in Cambodia in 1975 and murdered at least 1.5 million Cambodians.
Korea in WWII
On August 8, 1945, during the final days of World War II, the Soviet Union declared war against Japan and launched an invasion of Manchuria and Korea.
Reservoir in Ghana. It is one of the largest man-made lakes in the world. It is about 250 miles long. Flooding the rivers that created the river flooded more than 700 villages and forced more 70,000 people to find new homes. It is good for irrigation, farming, hydroelectric power, and transportation.
Languages of Vietnam
Languages of Indonesia
Modified form of Malay
Languages of Southeast Asia
The main languages in Southeast Asia are Lao, Thai, Burmese, Khmer, Vietnamese, Tagalog, Malay, Indonesian and also a peppering of Chinese dialects.
A West African nation founded in 1822 by the American Colonization Society to serve as a homeland for free blacks to settle. Uses conflict diamonds
Country in eastern Africa, north of Somalia and Kenya.
the production of small consumer goods such as clothing, appliances, and bicycles
Administrative district and port in southern China
The "Great Leap Forward"
The communist government of China instituted this policy in the 1950s. Small-scale farms were replaced by large government farms as part of economic and social change. However, the economy faltered and the new farms failed to produce enough food, causing millions to die of starvation
Island in the Indian Ocean, southeast of Africa.
Island country in the Indian Ocean near South Asia
the kind of trade that involves the transport of goods through the sea, using ships. Because of the risk involved in such kind of transport, the contracts related to this kind of trade have some specific regulation, which evolved from customs and regulation from ancient times.
A major river that runs from southern China through Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam. It is known as the Danube of the Southeast Asia. It is the longest river in Southeast Asia.
Migration (Oceania and trade)
A philosopher from India, this man was a spiritual and moral leader favoring India's independence from Great Britain. He practiced passive resistance, civil disobedience and boycotts to generate social and political change.
systems of government in which unelected kings or queens rule
In Asia, a seasonal wind that brings warm, moist air from the oceans in summer and cooler, dry air from inland in winter.
natural barriers between countries
Rivers, mountains, deserts, seas etc.
Mountain country between India and China
the longest river in West Africa, and a kind of trading highway in early times
Longest river in the world, flowing north and east through eastern Africa.
The capability for one man or country to wield a weapon of mass destruction.
oil reserves and future sources of oil
An organization of countries formed in 1961 to agree on a common policy for the production and sale of petroleum. (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries)
Islamic state founded by Osman in northwestern Anatolia. After the fall of the Byzantine Empire, the Ottoman Empire was based at Istanbul (formerly Constantinople) from 1453-1922. It encompassed lands in the Middle East, North Africa, the Caucasus, and eastern Europe. Is now Turkey.
Persian Gulf War
War in 1991 when the US came to Kuwait's rescue after Iraq invaded in 1990. The presence of Iraqi forces in Kuwait was not only a violation of international law, but it was also a threat to oil-rich Saudi Arabia.
Politics of South Africa
After colonialism ended in the 1970s, there was civil war throughout Southern Africa and a brutal prime minister took control in 1980, in 1994 South Africa's first president was elected: Nelson Mandela.
Emissions from radioactive wastes that can cause injury and death to humans and other life and can cause severe damage to the environment.
rain forest (features of, locations of, threats to)
very high annual rainfall, high average temperatures, nutrient-poor soil, and high levels of biodiversity. Deforestation is the greatest threat to the rain forest. There are many locations that have the rain forest's climate but the most common are Amazon River Basin (South America), the Congo River Basin (western Africa), and throughout much of southeast Asia. Central Asia is also made up mainly of tropical climates.
Religious practices of Southeast Asia
Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, and Christianity as well as other indigenous traditions and supernatural beliefs.
Religious practices of India
Hindi is the main religion practiced in this area but other religions like Islamic, Sikhism, Christianity, and Buddhism are practiced.
Religious practices of Pakistan
Islam is the state religion and the majority of the people practice Muslim.
Religious practices of Japan
Shinto and Buddhism are the main religions of this country.
a state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and which has an elected or nominated president rather than a monarch.
Resources to know about
Rice, sandalwood, teak, sal, cotton, tea, jute, tin, gold
Ring of fire
a major area in the basin of the Pacific Ocean where many earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur.
Class of warriors in feudal Japan who pledged loyalty to a noble in return for land or wealth. Their name means "those who serve"
a threatened penalty for disobeying a law or rule
Scientific research in Antarctica
The research in Antarctica is done to study the climate, weather, geology, and wildlife of this harsh climate. The information gathered is also used to help shed light on global changes in environment and climate.
Japan came under the control of the Tokugawa clan. They continued to rule until 1868 when they were over thrown.
Caravan routes connecting China and the Middle East across Central Asia and Iran. Was central to the economic, cultural, political, and religious interactions between these regions from the 2nd century BC to the 18th century.
an island city-state off southern Malaysia, is a global financial center with a tropical climate and multicultural population.
Sources and origins of various rivers; uses of rivers
North Africa(Blue Nile, White Nile, Nile R, Nile Delta, and Niger R), Southwest Asia(Euphrates R, Tigris R,) Central Asia(Irtysh R, Amu Dar'ya, Syr Dar'ya), South Africa(Senegal R, Niger R, Renue R, Yobe R, Chari R, Volta R, Blue Nile, White Nile) Both the white Nile and Blue Nile are major tributaries of the Nile.
A large area of flat unforested grassland in southeastern Europe or Siberia.
farming in which only enough food to feed one's family is produced
Three Gorges Dam
a dam begun in the late 20th century on the Chang Jiang in China, to help control flooding, generate power, and allow ships to sail farther into China. This dam spans the Yangtze River by the town of Sandouping.
Taxes on imported goods
A river in southwestern Asia that flows through the eastern part of the Fertile Crescent
Tigris-Euphrates river valley
Also called Mesopotamia; this fertile region between the two rivers was the site of ancient civilizations in the Middle East; often called the "cradle" of Middle East civilization
warm, moist climate zone near the equator or a warm air mass that forms in the tropics and has low air pressure.
A giant wave usually caused by an earthquake beneath the ocean floor.
the usually dry bed of a river or stream in a desert or semiarid area. This area is flooded during the wet season.
Rolling mountains west of the Deccan Plateau in Southern India. Covers an area of 140,000 square kilometers in a stretch of 1,600 kilometers parallel to the western coast of the Indian peninsula.
Women's voting rights
A right that is refused to be given to women in the African, Muslim, and some Asian countries. Was part of the US's 19th amendment
Also known as the Huang-He. The second longest river in China. The majority of ancient Chinese civilizations originated in its valley.
located in South China, called "West River", flows eastward through southeast China to the South China Sea
The longest river of Asia, River found in China; 3rd longest river in the world (3915 miles long)
The Grand Canal stretched from what city in the south to what city in the west?
Beijing to Hangzhou
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