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Psychology Unit 1 Notes

Terms in this set (212)

The idea that motives in the normal, mature adult are independent of the childhood experiences in which they originally appeared:
Preservative Function Autonomy= the level of functional autonomy that relates to low-level and routine behaviors: concerned with such behaviors as addictions and repetitive physical actions such as habitual ways of performing som everyday task
-Routine behaviors we maintain even in the absence of external reinforcement
Propriate Functional Autonomy= The level of functional autonomy that relates to our values, self-image, and lifestyle:
-Unique to the individual
-ego determines which motives will be retained/discarded
-we retain motives that enhance our self-esteem or self-image
-It determines how we perceive the world, what we remember from our experiences, and how our thoughts are directed: governed by 3 principles
1) Organizing the energy level- new motives arise from neccessity, to help consume excess energy that we might otherwise express in destructive or harmful ways
2) Mastery and competence- the level at which we choose to satisfy our motives: it is not enough for us to achieve an adequate level
3) Propriate patterning- striving for consistency and integration of the personality: we organize our perceptual and cognitive processes around the self, keeping what enhances our self-image and rejecting the rest
*Not all behaviors and motives could be explained by principles of functional autonomy: reflexes, fixations, neuroses, and biological driving behaviors