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psy assess chapter 9
Terms in this set (31)
Who has relied mainly upon three tactics for personality test development:
○ Theory-bounded approaches
○ Factor-analytic approaches, and
○ criterion-key methods
What are these examples of?
the Edwards Personal Preference Schedule (EPPS) and the Personality Research Form (PRF), both based on Murray's (1938) need-press theory of personality. Further examples include the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), which represents an application of Carl jung's theory of personality types. The Jenkins Activity Survey, designed to assess the Type A coronary-prone behavior pattern, also epitomizes a theory-guided instrument.
the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) attempt to measure very specific components of personality. Following we review each of these tests in more detail.
all examples of theory guided personality theories
Why did Edwards adopt this awkward format for his test?
he answer has to do with the problem of social desirability response set
What is the tendency of examinees to react to the perceived desirability (or undesirability) of a test item rather than responding accurately to its content. Put simply, examinees tend to endorse socially desirable statements and tend not to endorse socially undesirable statements--regardless of the truth value of the responses.??
Social Desirability Response Set
What is Another test based on Murray's need system? This test is available in several forms that differ in the number of scales or number of items per scale.
the Personality Research Form (Jackson, 1970, 1984b).
Unlike many other personality inventories the ___ scales have no item overlap. As a result, the scales are exceptionally independent, with most intercorrelation coefficients in the vicinity of (+/-).30 (Gynther & Gynther, 1976).
the PRF scales
A desirable feature of the PRF is its?
readability, The test requires only a fifth- or sixth-grade reading level (Reddon & Jackson, 1989).
In what test did the rigorous scale construction procedures employed by Jackson (1970) yielded scales with exceptionally good internal consistency, with a range of .80 to .94 and median of .92.
the PRF scales
What are all these descriptions of?
○ Most norms date back to 1970, a significant shortcoming of this test.
○ Nonetheless, most practitioners would concede that the ____is more suited to a "normal" rather than an "emotionally disturbed" population.
○ The ____ is predicated on Cattell's factor-analytic conception of personality (Cattell, Eber, & Tatsuoka, 1970).
What is the latest in a series of tests designed to measure the major dimensions of normal and abnormal personality (Eysenck & Eysenck, 1975)??
The Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ)
A major focus of research with the EPQ has been on the empirical correlates of what?
extraversion and its polar oposite, introversion
Comrey relied exclusively upon college students in the development and standardization of his test, so the CPS is well suited to assessment of personality in what?
in this subpopulation, only can test this on college students
The result was a remarkable test useful both in psychiatric assessment and the description of normal personality. Within a few years, the ____ became the most widely used personality test in the United States.
Originally published in 1957, the recently revised ___ is an MMPI-like instrument designed expressly to measure the dimensions of normal personality (Gough, 1987; McAllister, 1986)
the recently revised CPI
○ The ________ is a personality inventory designed for the same purposes as the MMPI-2.
§ First, it is much shorter (175 true-false items) and, therefore, more palatable to clinical referrals
§ second, it is planned and organized to identify clinical patterns in a manner that is compatible with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-IV) of the American Psychiatric Association.
§ This test is a highly theory-driven test, incorporating Millon's elaborate theoretical formulations on the nature of psychopathology and personality disorder (Millon, 1969, 1981, 1986; Millon & Davis, 1996).
These are all points of what test?
pg. 399 (1hr 9min)
make sure one wasn't missed
What are converted to T scores with a mean of 50 and standard deviation of 10. Higher T scores indicated increased probability of psychopathology or deficit.
Scale Raw Scores
Behavioral assessment is often-- but not always-- an integral part of __________ __________designed to change the duration, frequency, or intensity of a well-defined target behavior.
What is another type of behavioral assessment useful in the identification and quantification of fears?
A Fear Survey Schedule
The application of a direct behavioral observation system is much more demanding than it sounds. The researcher or therapist must what?
identify target behaviors, define them precisely, produce a system for data recording, calibrate appropriate rewards, and train staff members (Paul, 1986).
An exceptional and well-validated measure not listed in Table 9.17 is the ____.
What is a short, simple, self-report questionnaire that focuses, in part, on the cognitive distortions that underlie depression??
the BDI (Beck Depression Inventory
The only shortcoming of the BDI is its???
The only shortcoming of the BDI is its transparency. Patients who wish to hide their......
despair or exaggerate their depression can do so easily.
What are all these examples of?
○ Beck Depression Inventory
○ Anxious Self Statement Questionnaire
○ Body Image Testing System (BITS)
Pleasant Events Schedule (PES)
Who establish visual contact more often and for longer periods of time.??
extroverts and self-confident persons
who reduces visual interaction during episodes of deception?
What does this explain ? Arabs and Latin Americans gaze more, certain American Indians gaze less.
Marked cultural differences exist
What is all this talking about?
Nonetheless, several consistent findings do emerge from research on this topic (Argyle & Cook, 1976; Fehr & Exline, 1987):
○ Extraverts and self-confident persons establish visual contact more often and for longer periods of time.
○ Dishonest persons reduce visual interaction during episodes of deception.
○ Marked cultural differences exist; Arabs and Latin Americans gaze more, certain American Indians gaze less.
certain things that are done with the eyes with certain people, but it is saying that it could vary with cultural differences
What is difficult to learn and use because it requires repeated, slow-motion viewing of facial actions?
However, once the system is mastered, competent judges produce highly reliable ratings of facial actions.
What assesses the examinee's ability to decode nonverbal behavior from 11 different channels. These include three that are "pure" visual channels, two different auditory (paralanguage) channels, and six combined (visual plus auditory) channels.????
13 MINUTES missed on on chapter 9 date 4-8-14 on recording
finish this one
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