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Four Ways Public Speaking is a Form of Empowerment
communicating information, influencing peoples attitudes and behaviors, obtaining a job or promotion, achieve positions of leadership
Five Guidelines for Developing Ethical Public Speaking
tell the truth, keep information in perspective, resist personal attacks against others who oppose ideas, give the source for all information, fully credit sources of quotations and paraphrases
a person's verbal utterness and non-verbal behaviors to which meaning is attributed during communication
public speaking apprehension
the level of fear a person experiences when anticipating or actually speaking to an audience
Three phase process of speaking apprehension
anticipation reaction-confrontation reaction-adaptation reaction
Six Steps in Speech Plan
determine a goal, adapt to your audience, gather information, organize, create visual aids, practice delivery
the process of receiving, interpreting, evaluating, assigning meaning to aural and visual stimuli, and responding
both hearing and seeing. Your ears hear the vocal tones and words and your eyes pick up the non-verbal
when a person consciously tries to understand and remember what a speaker is saying
situations outside the speaker and listener in the environment that can interfere with communication
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