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pepe midterms pt. 2 andami kasi e di naman naturo
Terms in this set (100)
first position (ballet)
Hands in a circular position in front of the ribs.
Turn the legs out from the top down to the heels making sure the feet do not roll inwards
The heels are touching and the toes are turned out to the side.
second position (ballet)
Open arms to a rounded position with the hands lower than the shoulders.
Stand with the feet at shoulder-width apart. Distribute the body weight evenly on both legs. The feet are still turned out.
third position (ballet)
One arm stays in second position while the other moves to first position in front of ribs.
Place the heel of one foot in front of the middle (arch) of the other foot.
fourth position (ballet)
Lift the front arm into a round position over the head. Place or slide one foot in front of the other, with a space the length of one foot in between the legs.
fifth position (ballet)
Move both arms in a circle above the head. Put the heel of the front foot against the toe of the back foot.
Note that this is the hardest position of all because it demands good turn out with straight legs and correct posture
A. For Center Exercises
B. For Corner Exercises
Basic Ballet Movement classifications
Port de bras
-the carriage of the arms, graceful movements of the arm, through a series of positions (a)
comes from a Moorish ornament that has similar lines. It can be a pose, a step in adago (slow movements) or a step in an allegro (fast movements) combination. (a)
Saute-arabesque / arabesque hop
while doing the arabesque position, do acomplex hop, hold the pose in demi-plie, then repeat on the other side (a)
the bent leg is raised in front (croise) or behind (echappe) the body. It gives a feeling of enclosing space because of the wrapped-around quality of the raised leg. It is open used as a midway position in slow unfolding movements. (a)
Pas de bourree
means "stuffed steps." (a)
means gliding step. (a)
starting in first or third position, walk through the toes, ball and then heel of one foot then the other. The body is aligned and moves with grace and ease. (b)
means chasing step. Starting in a first or third demi-plie position, shift the weight so the frot leg slides along the floor to fourth or second position. (b)
means "jumps." Starting in a demi-plie, execute a vertical jump into the air and end in starting position. (b)
it means "thrown." Soaring through the air and land as lightly as possible. (b)
means a big leap. Using runs as the approach, brush the front loot forward, push off the back leg for the air moment, and land in demi-plie on the other foot. (b)
means "assembled." In this jump, the feet are brought together or "assembled" in the air, with the legs beating together before landing on the ground. (b)
a term to describe contemporary dance, is a style of dancing where dancers are free to express their feelings through movements without adhering to any rules in dance particularly that of ballet.
This teaches the dancer to control the body and making it the instrument. Famous technique in modern dance
This refers to the spontaneous movement performed by dancers in response to suggestions by the choreographer
Modern dance allows ___ freedom. The form in this dance mostly represents the personal and emotional experiences of its creators
is relatively new in the field of sports and dance as it has only emerged during the early 1990s as part of the cheerleading events
an event that consists of cheers and organized routines for sports team motivation, audience entertainment, or competition
1. Dance techniques
2. Elements of cheer
3. Basic gymnastics skills
Elements of a Cheer Dance Routine
Depending on the competition requirements, various _____ may be used in a cheer dance competition. Some may prefer contemporary dance techniques, while others incorporate several techniques such as jazz
Elements of cheer (cheers)
are coordination of organized words and movements relating to an athletic event. The purpose is to draw a unified response from the crowd to highlight their support for the playing team
Basic gymnastics skills
Cheer dance incorporates ___ such as jumps and tumbling to add to the thrill of the game and the effect to the routine.
Very dynamic and an excellent way to shake crowd up quickly.
Basic Formations in Cheer Dance
1. Music section
2. Cheer Section (yung hype/support sa crowd keme)
Segments of a Cheer Dance Routine
a combination of art and sport. It was called competitive ballroom dancing in the past.
7 Musicality and expression
10. Foot and leg action
12. Lead and follow
Characteristics of Dancesport
The stretch of the woman's body upwards and outwards and leftwards into the man's right arm to achieve balance and connection with his frame, as well as to project outwards to the audience
Musicality and expression
The basic characterization of the dance with the particular music being played and the choreographic adherence to musical phrasings and accents
How the couple presents their dancing to the audience as well as the proper costuming and grooming
How a couple "look" together in performing their dances
The ability to avoid bumping into other couples and continue dancing without pause when boxed in
Lead and Follow
The non-verbal communication of the man and lady through shape, visual, and body weight
The combination of turn and sway to create a look or position
foot and leg action
The use of lower extremities that creates balance, beauty and strength
The energy that is controlled and not wild
The correct position of the body with the partner in closed position
The stretching of the body
dancing on time with the music
Enables the dancer to stand out on the floor, which shows sophistication and confidence
Is a newcomer in Latin America dances with origin only in the fifties but it became popular shortly after Mambo was introduced
Is the national dance of Brazil, which originated in Africa. It is danced during carnival time
Originates primarily from Cuba in the sixteenth century, which has its roots I African rhythms brought to America by the slaves
Means "double step," which originated from Spain and is inspired by bullfighting
Was developed from dance "jitterbug" from America. After the origination of the jive dance in the U.S., it slowly spread to the European Countries and in the United Kingdom.
name of the figure
identification of a figure in a dance style
number of steps in a figure
the position of the feet in relation to the room
Amount of turn
this is measured between the feet
refers to the part of the foot in contact with the floor
the synchronization of actions with the beat of the music
Line of Dance (LOD)
the counterclockwise direction around the dance floor
means the direction perpendicular to the LOD pointing towards the wall of the room (possibly imaginary)
means the direction perpendicular tot eh LOD pointing towards the center of the room
Open Facing Position
a variation of open position where a man and lady stand apart, facing each other, usually with one- or two-hand connection
Outside Partner Position
a variation of the closed position where the tracking of the man and lady's feet are slightly offset
a V-shaped dance position where both man and lady move forward and in the same direction, toward the open end of the "V"
the normal hold where partners stand facing each other in body contact slightly offset to the
any dance position where man and lady stand apart or slightly apart, without taking a closed position dance hold.
Hip Hop Culture
is from the African-American group of people who were looking for a creative outlet to vent their frustrations and disappointments with society
1. Rapping (MCing)
2. Disc jockeying (DJing)
3. Break dancing (B-boying)
4. Graffiti Art
Four fundamental characteristics of hiphop
Vocal element. Rap music is the heart of the hip-hop musical genre
Disc jockeying (DJing)
Means scratching or turn-table record mixing
Break dancing (B-boying)
An elaborate social dance form that came from teenage Latino and African American males in the South Bronx of New York City.
Also known as aerosol art
1. Bounce or recoil
2. Tightening the body
3. Agility and coordination
elements of street dance
Bounce or recoil
It is a quick contraction and retraction, or vise-versa movement with energy and vitality
Tightening the body
The body is controlled with firmness and strength to prepare it for explosive and sudden movements
Agility and coordination
Because the body dances a complex array of interlocking rhythms, percussive accents of isolated body-parts pop out in unexpected phrasing and that break dancers perform elaborate spins, balances, flips, contortions and freezes
Hip hop dance is not only exciting but enjoyable as well
Was introduced in England in 1874 but it was in 1922 that it became fashionable as Tango.
Was first danced in Europe before World War I. it originates from Buenos Aires (Argentina) where it was first danced in "Barrio de Las Ranas," the ghetto of Buenos Aires
Was named after an American performer Harry Fox, which was premiered in 1914.
Was developed during World War I in New York and become popular in ballrooms
Is a controversial dance with so many claims about its origin but known to be born iin the modest outskirts of Austria and Bavaria
(a)Old School and (b)New School
2 categories of hiphop dance
Also known as break dancing; it is an unstructured and highly improvisational style that incorporates gymnastic and acrobatic movements (a)
A quick contraction and relaxation of muscles to producing jerking various joints (a)
It relies on fast, distinct arm and hand movements combined with relaxed hips and legs wherein the lock is the basic move used (a)
Characterized by unrestrained, rapid-fire, and highly energetic moves of the limbs and torso.
Dance style that "emphasizes fast, complex footsteps with fluid movements of the torso"
Street Jazz (b)
Combination of hip-hop dance style and jazz dance movements.
is tissue or organ damage due to mechanical trauma
muscles, tendons, ligaments, bones and joints
structures commonly injured by a dancer
injury risk factors
o Poor body alignment and technique
o Excessive training duration and intensity
o Hard dance floor
o Poor shoe design
o Muscle imbalance
common acute dance-related injuries
o Ankle sprain
o Dancers fracture
o Back Strain
o ACL Tear
o Forearm Fracture
Common chronic dance-related injuries
o Stress Fracture
o Achilles Tendinosis
o Patellofemoral pain syndrome
o Plantar Fasciitis
o Hip and knee Osteoarthritis
o Body image
sources of stress for dance athletes
o Accept that you are unique
o Invest on training and enhancing your technique
o Prepare your body and mind for a performance
o Perform breathing exercises
o Experience the joy when you dance
tips to minimize stress
o Drastic change in weight
o Edema or bloating
o Cessation of menstruation (greater than 3mos)
o Frequent muscle cramp
o Dizziness (electrolyte imbalance)
o Thinning of air
o Gastrointestinal problems
o Avoidance of eating in public
o Frequent checking of weight
o Evidence of self- induced vomiting
eating disorders common among dance athletes
o Total calorie intake: 2000 kcal to 2500 kcal
o Eat frequent small meals throughout the day
o bfast: protein and whole grains carbohydrates
o Drink water at regular intervals before, during and after training
o Drink 250ml of water every 15-30mins during long trainings
o Eat complex carbohydrates (e.g., baked potato) one to two hours before training
o Eat at least five servings of fruit and vegetables to maintain micronutrients and electrolyte balance
o Electrolyte drinks such as sport drinks are recommended during long training hours
o Avoid caffeinated drinks because it induces urination.
dietary tips for dancers
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