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20 terms

law ch 11

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Uniform Determination of Death Act
A proposal that established uniform guidelines for determining when death has occurred.
Brain death
Final cessation of bodily activity, used to determine when death actually occurs; circulatory and respiratory functions have irreversibly ceased, and the entire brain ( including the brain stem) has irreversibly ceased to function
Coma
A condition of deep stupor from which the patient cannot be roused by external stimuli
Persistent vegetative state (PVS)
Severe mental impairment characterized by irreversible cessation of the higher functions of the brain, most often caused by damage to the cerebral cortex
Terminally ill
Referring to patients who are expected to die within six months
Thanatology
The study of the death and of psychological methods of coping with it
Uniform Rights of the Terminally 111 Act
A federal statute passed in 1989 to guide state legislatures in constructing laws to address advance directives
Active euthanasia
conscious medical act that results in the death of a dying person
Passive euthanasia
the act of allowing a dying patient to die naturally, without medical interference
Voluntary euthanasia
the act of ending a dying patient's life by medical means with his or her permission
Involuntary euthanasia
The act of ending a terminal patient's life by medical means without his or her permission
Palliative care
Treatment of a terminally ill patient's symptoms in order to make dying more comfortable; also called comfort care
Curative care
Treatment directed toward curing a patient's disease
Hospice
a facility or program in which teams of health care practitioners and volunteers provide a continuing environment that focuses on the physical, emotional, and psychological needs of the dying patient
Patient Self-Determination Act
A federal law passed 1990 that requires hospitals and other health care providers to provide written information to patients regarding their rights under state law to make medical decisions and execute advance directives
Living will
An advance directive that specifies an individual's end-of-life wishes
Durable power of attorney
An advance directive that confers upon a designee the authority to make a variety of legal decisions on behalf of the grantor, usually including health care decisions
Health care proxy
A durable power of attorney issued for purposes of health care decisions only
National Organ Transplant Act
Passed in 1984, a statute that provides grants to qualified organ procurement organizations and established an Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network
Uniform Anatomical Gift Act
national statute allowing individuals to donate their bodies or body parts, after death, for use in transplant surgery, tissue banks, or medical research or education