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founded by han fei tzu


founded by lao tzu


everyone has to play a proper role, stay in your place

Wade-Giles Translation

simplified chinese, came before pinyin


simplified chinese, more modern than wade-gales and used more


key belief of buddhism, nothing is permanent, everything in life changes


buddhist concept of desire, why humans will never be satisfied

simplified chinese

1952, fewer strokes per character


to reach enlightenment by freeing yourself from want

Noble Eightfold Path

knowledge of the cause and end of suffering, kind thoughts, right speech, right conduct, "practice what you preach", right effort to train oneself, keen and active mind, meditate: cleanse the mind

middle path

everything is in moderation

Wu Wei

do nothing

Filial Piety

a very important confucian virtue: respect your parents

first truth

all good things must come to an end

second truth

as long as humans continue to want things they will never be happy

third truth

in order to end suffering, humans must free themselves from want

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