Unit 1: Colonization Review Activities (SSUSH1 -SSUSH2 GSE)
Development of Mercantilism
Terms in this set (30)
An economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts natural resources, manufacturing those resources, and then selling those goods.
The leading reason for the creation of the English colonies was Mercantilism. Since European countries had a limited amount of natural resources, they began colonizing in order to gain access to more natural resources.
Trade between the Americas, Europe, and Africa. A three way system of trade during 1600-1800s, Europe sent manufactured goods to Africa, Africa sent slaves to America, America sent Raw Materials to Europe.
Second leg of the Triangular Trade routes that brought enslaved Africans across the Atlantic Ocean to North America and the West Indies. Slaves were subjected to horrible conditions, starvation, disease, torture, chains, and brands. Average death rate was 20% of the human cargo.
Slave communities were rich with music, dance, unique foods, story telling. Enslaved Africans brought with them the arts and craft skills of their various tribes.
Britain's attempt to regulate and control colonial trade and increase tax revenues to the "Mother Country". Placed numerous trade restrictions on the colonies. Forced colonial merchants to use British ships for shipping goods.
First Great Awakening
- Religious revival stressed spirituality
- questioned churches strict rules, regulations, and guidelines
- emphasized, logic, reason, individualism, interpret Bible, find God anywhere
- many new religious sects(groups) formed, Baptist, Presbyterian, Methodist
- promoted unity (we are all brothers and sisters)
- inadvertently "awakened" American patriotism
Typically lower class Englishmen who could not afford to pay for the voyage to North America but saw life in the colonies as an opportunity for economic advancement they would otherwise never have in England. Indentured servants worked for a land owner in exchange for their passage to North America.
Virginia Company of London
A joint-stock company, which raised capital for the expedition to America by selling shares of company stock to investors. Their plan was to send colonists to find gold and other valuable natural resources in America. Granted a royal charter by King James I in 1606.
*More religious, ethnic, and economic diversity
*Founded for religious purposes.
May Flower Compact
a written pledge by the colonists to govern themselves through majority rule. Early self government
The colonies were less restricted in their ability to build up their own trade networks and govern themselves locally.
House of Burgesses
the first legislative assembly in the American colonies founded shortly after the establishment of Jamestown. Responsible for making local policies and were made up of locally elected colonists.
Rebellion, between the poor frontier colonists and Virginia's colonial government, established an expectation in America that the government would work for the good of all citizens - not just the wealthy.
Massachusetts Bay Colony
New England Colony founded by Puritans for religious freedom.
Conflict with the natives
Primarily the result of taking land from Native American.
The first permanent English settlement in North America, founded for profit.
Colony founded by the Separatist Pilgrims who came over on the Mayflower. Located in New England.
Salem Witch Trials
1629 outbreak of witchcraft accusations in a puritan village marked by an atmosphere of fear, hysteria, political unrest and stress
Colony founded by William Penn as a safe haven for Quakers
Southern Colonies Economy
Depended on plantations(large farms) producing large amounts of cash crops, especially rice and tobacco.
New England Colonies Economy
Based on shipbuilding, fishing, lumbering, small-scale subsistence farming, and, eventually, manufacturing.
Mid-Atlantic Colonies Economy
Mixed agriculture, harbors/shipping, "breadbasket"
Southern Colonies Geography
*Longest growing season
*Hot, humid climate
*Many rivers for transportatiom
Middle Colonies Geography
*More mild climate
*fertile soil for farming
New England Colonies Geography
- Poor, rocky soil
- swift, long rivers
- close to ocean
King Philip's War
Early, bloody conflict between New England colonists and Native Americans
An English policy of not strictly enforcing laws in its colonies
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