Terms in this set (44)
a large waterfall, any strong flood or rush of water
a triangular shaped plain at the mouth of a river formed when sediment is deposited by flowing water
Water came rushing down from the highlands, as they flowed they brought rich fertile soil called silt. Nile flooded the dry land with new layer of thick silt that was ideal for farming.
Greek author who traveled throughout the known world, wrote about the wars between Greece and Persia, the first major historical work of ancient times.
An ancient region in northern Africa extending from the Nile Valley in Egypt to present day Sudan. Between the first and second Cataracts.
An ancient region in northeastern Africa that extended from the Nile Valley in Egypt to present day Sudan, between the second an sixth cataracts.
an area in ancient Egypt in the Nile Valley, south of the river's delta and the 30th northern parallel.
an area in ancient Egypt, in the northern Nile region.
How does the geography of the Nile change as it runs from its sources to the delta?
Nubian section contained six rock filled rapids called catarats. Deserts and granite mountains leave little farmable land in this area. Farther south in upper Nubia, can farm in summer and fall, still not much land. At the end of the Nile in the north, streams form the delta, a very fertile farmland.
How did the Nile support human life in ancient times?
People in the delta built villages around the fertile river beds. Also fished in the Nile and hunted ducks and other birds along its banks. Also a highway for TRADE. Ships and caravans loaded gold, silver, fine pottery traveled over trade routes.
the title of the kings of ancient Egypt
someone who rules for a child until the child is old enough to rule
a series of rulers form the same family
stepmother of Thutmose III, ruled Egypt as a regent and then as pharaoh. Achieved economic success, especially in trade
Founder of the first Egyptian dynasty unified Upper and Lower Egypt founded the capital of Memphis.
Stepson of Matshepsut, considered the greatest pharaoh of the New Kingdom of Egypt. Expanded the empire to include Syria and Nudia.
How did Egyptian rulers unify their country?
Egytian pharoahs ruled. they were careless or cruel. Dynasty with a series of rulers from same family, three major periods called kingdoms...built pyramids expands into lower Nubia. Literature and Government etc.
What were some of the accomplishments of Egypt's greatest pharaohs?
Kept peace and trade with Nubia. Merchants sent to the eastern coast of the Mediterrajean to find timber. Built houses, boats and furniture.
the next life, in which the dead are believed to live again.
a dead body preserved in lifelike conditions.
a hugh building with four sloping outside walls shaped like triangles, in Egypt, pyramids were built around royal tombs.
An ancient city the capital of Upper Egypt, site of the great pyramids.
What role did religion play in ancient Egypt?
Important part of daily life. It explained the workings of nature and the Eygptians believed only magical spirits could control events like rain and what caused people to die. GOds were different in Upper and Lower Eygpt often humans with animal heads.
How did the Egyptians manage to build the pyramids without knowledge of the wheel?
Workers had to use sleds, wooden rollers and levers. They dragged and pushed the huge blocks up ramps of rubble to the level they were working on.
a kind of picture writing in which some pictures stand for ideas or things and others stand for sounds.
an early form of paper made from a reedlike plant found in the marshy areas of the Nile delta.
a scientist who studies the stars and other objects in the sky
Jean Francois Champollion
French Scholar, first to decode Egyptian hieroglyphics
How did the Egyptians live their daily lives?
Busy hardworking people. Sense of fun and a love of beauty. Social classes - resembled a pyramid. Pharaoh on top, beneath him a small upper court including priests and nobles with large estates. Then middle class made up of merchants and skilled workers. At the base were peasants. This was the largest class, laborers that built roads and temples.
What scientific contributions did the Egyptians make?
Learned to perform surgery could set broken bones and injuries. Made medicines to help with everyday illnesses such as stomach aches and headaches.
a worker who is especially skilled in making something, such as baskets, leather goods, tools, jewelry, pottery, or clothes
Prince of Nubia, became king of Nubia and Egypt in 690 BC.
Kingdom rose to power as Egypt weakened. Known for its artisans, or skilled workers. Pottery made found in tombs, wealthy kingdom. Surrounded kings on jewelry, gold, ivory. Egypt regains strength in Nubia, times of conflict, peace two cultures became mixed.
One of the three most powerful Nubian kingdoms, located between the third and fourth cataracts of the Nile River in Upper Nubia. Admired Egyptian culture building pyramids to bury their kings.
A city of ancient Nubia i present day Sudan. Large deposits of iron ore. Made weapons and tools. Iron tools allowed them to control trade routes, grew rich on the trade.
What were the achievements of Nubian civilizations?
Artisans and skilled workers. Made pottery. Iron working Iron weapons and tools Helped to produce good supplies of food and weapons to control trade routes.
How did the kingdom of Meroe use iron to become rich?
First to specialize in iron working. Iron plows allowed them to produce good supplied of food. Iron weapons allowed them to control trade routes. Grew rich on this trade.
How did the Nile River affect the lives of the early Egyptians and Nubians?
No Egypt without the NIle. Food is one of the gofts, waterbirds.Water supply. Farmland in silt and delta.
How did trade develop in various places along the Nile?
Ships could float downriver because the Nile floated North. Up river because winds blew to the North. Caravans overland trade routes. CARAVANS.
How did Egypt's ruler's govern their empire?
Some were wise, others careless and cruel. Dynasty to Dynasty
Describe some of the accomplishments of each of the three Egyptian kingdoms.
Old Kingdom - Builders began Great Pyramid, Statue of Sphinx, Middle Kingdom, New Kingdom.
How did the religion of the ancient Egyptians explain what happened to a person after death?
Believed in afterlife. buried with all the possessions they enjoyed food, clothing etc. Bodies preserved as mummies.
How was a pharaoh's tomb furnished?
They were placed on gold covered beds and surrounded with jewelry, gold and ivory. Things they would want to take with them.
What contributions did the Egyptians make in medicine and astonomy?
Agricultural people, astronomers could predict when the nile would flood. Studied the stars became basis for a year. Medicine fixed broken bones and stomach aches and headaches.
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