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Sociology Chapters 6 and 7
Terms in this set (31)
A collection of people who happen to be in the same place at the same time.
Focuses on instrumental concerns, takes personal charge of decision making, and demands that group members obey orders.
A group of people or things having something in common
Adjusting one's behavior or thinking to coincide with a group standard.
A form of leadership in which the leader solicits input from subordinates.
a social group with two members
Group leadership that focuses on the group's well-being
A situation in which group members seek unanimous agreement despite their individual doubts
"Us" - people with whom one shares a common identity
group leadership that focuses on the completion of tasks
When the leader avoids leadership duties altogether
a social intertwining of people and social groups
"Them" - those perceived as different or apart from our ingroup
Any group that individuals use as a standard for evaluating themselves and their own behavior.
A group characterized by face-to-face interaction, a unifocal perspective, lack of formal arrangements, and a certain level of equality
A social group with three members
A violation of criminal law for which some governmental authority applies formal penalties.
Scientific study of crimes and criminals
Behavior that violates the standards of conduct or expectations of a group or society
differential association theory
A theory of deviance that holds that violation of rules results from exposure to attitudes favorable to criminal acts
opportunities for crimes that are woven into the texture of life
A violation of law or the commission of a status offense by young people.
An approach to the study of deviance that suggests that people become "deviant" because certain labels are attached to their behavior by political authorities and others.
Norm violations that a person commits for the first time and without considering them deviant
rational choice theory of deviance
A popular theory in political science to explain the actions of voters as well as politicians. It assumes that individuals act in their own best interest, carefully weighing the costs and benefits of possible alternatives.
Repeated norm violations that the violators themselves recognize as deviant
social bond theory
The proposition that the probability of deviant behavior increases when a person's ties to society are weakened or broken.
Attempts by society to regulate people's thoughts and behavior
Merton's theory that deviance occurs when a society does not give all its members equal ability to achieve socially acceptable goals
deviance that occurs when a person who has been labeled a deviant seeks to normalize the behavior by relabeling it as non deviant
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