Terms in this set (58)

➢ Mother
• contracts uterus to prepregnancy size more quickly.
• delays ovulation (However, this is not a guarantee infertility. Other birth control should be used to prevent conception).
• delays menstruation, thus iron is conserved.
• may protect against breast and ovarian cancer.
• cheaper than purchasing formula.
• environmental savings in the manufacturing, packaging, and shipping of formula.
➢ Baby
• Nutrient composition
• Breast milk forms softer curd in the infants GI tract making it easier to digest.
• Breast milk contains long chain fatty acids (DHA and EPA) for brain and vision development.
• Breast milk has a better composition of minerals and they are better absorbed.
• Immune factors. Colostrum, a watery milk substance produced by the mother during the first few days after delivery, is especially rich in antibodies and white blood cells. Mature breast milk continues providing immunological benefits protecting the infant from disease causing bacteria for many months after birth. Here is a short list of some of the immune factors found in human milk and how they benefit an infant.
• Bifidus factors - favor the growth of "friendly" bacteria in the GI tract
• Lactoferrin - binds iron in breast milk, preventing growth of iron-dependent harmful bacteria in the GI tract and increasing bioavailability of iron for absorption
• Growth factors - stimulates development of a healthy GI tract
• Lipase enzymes - helps protect against additional infections
• Breast milk is sterile.
• For infants that are prone to allergies, there is reduced risk.
• Infants are exposed to different flavors through breast milk and thus may try a greater variety of foods as toddlers.
• Breast-fed infants grow at a slightly, but significantly, slower rate than formula fed infants; there is limited evidence that breast fed infants are at lower risk for adult obesity.
• There is evidence breast fed infants have reduced risk for some chronic diseases as adults, such as heart disease.