10 terms

Protein Synthesis

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transcription
the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a gene is copied into mRNA
translation
the process whereby genetic information coded in mRNA directs the formation of a specific protein at a ribosome in the cytoplasm
mutation
A change in the order of the bases in an organism's DNA; deletion, insertion, or substitution.
codon
A sequence of three nucleotide bases on mRNA that refers to a specific amino acid.
anticodon
group of three bases on a tRNA molecule that are complementary to an mRNA codon
mRNA
A type of RNA, synthesized from DNA, that attaches to ribosomes in the cytoplasm and specifies the primary structure of a protein.
tRNA
transfer RNA; type of RNA that carries amino acids to the ribosome
rRNA
ribosomal RNA, this and proteins make up ribosomes
frameshift
Mutation that shifts the "reading" frame of the genetic message by inserting or deleting a nucleotide
ribosome
site of protein synthesis
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