Terms in this set (17)
the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a gene is copied into mRNA
the process whereby genetic information coded in mRNA directs the formation of a specific protein at a ribosome in the cytoplasm
A change in the order of the bases in an organism's DNA; deletion, insertion, or substitution.
A sequence of three nucleotide bases on mRNA that refers to a specific amino acid.
group of three bases on a tRNA molecule that are complementary to an mRNA codon
A type of RNA, synthesized from DNA, that attaches to ribosomes in the cytoplasm and specifies the primary structure of a protein.
transfer RNA; type of RNA that carries amino acids to the ribosome
ribosomal RNA, this and proteins make up ribosomes
Mutation that shifts the "reading" frame of the genetic message by inserting or deleting a nucleotide
site of protein synthesis
A base-pair substitution that results in a codon that codes for the SAME amino acid.
A base-pair substitution that results in a codon that codes for a different amino acid.
A base-pair substitution that results in a codon that codes for a STOP
insertion gene mutation
a mutation in which one or more nucleotides are added to a gene causing a frameshift
deletion gene mutation
a mutation in which one or more nucleotides are removed to a gene causing a frameshift
specific genes of the genome are used and others are not used, this can be influenced by factors within the cell or by the environment
the complete instructions for making an organism, consisting of all the genetic material in that organism's chromosomes